1 Chronicles 2:18
New International Version
Caleb son of Hezron had children by his wife Azubah (and by Jerioth). These were her sons: Jesher, Shobab and Ardon.

New Living Translation
Hezron's son Caleb had sons from his wife Azubah and from Jerioth. Her sons were named Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

English Standard Version
Caleb the son of Hezron fathered children by his wife Azubah, and by Jerioth; and these were her sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

Berean Study Bible
Caleb son of Hezron had children by his wife Azubah and by Jerioth. These were the sons of Azubah: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

New American Standard Bible
Now Caleb the son of Hezron had sons by Azubah his wife, and by Jerioth; and these were her sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

King James Bible
And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

Christian Standard Bible
Caleb son of Hezron had children by his wife Azubah and by Jerioth. These were Azubah's sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

Contemporary English Version
Hezron's son Caleb married Azubah, and their daughter was Jerioth, the mother of Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

Good News Translation
Hezron's son Caleb married Azubah and had a daughter named Jerioth. She had three sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Caleb son of Hezron had children by his wife Azubah and by Jerioth. These were Azubah's sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

International Standard Version
Hezron's son Caleb had children by his wife Azubah and by Jerioth. These were her sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

NET Bible
Caleb son of Hezron fathered sons by his wife Azubah (also known as Jerioth). Her sons were Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

New Heart English Bible
Caleb the son of Hezron had sons by his wife Azubah, and by Jerioth; and these were her sons: Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Hezron's son was Caleb. Caleb and his wife Azubah had a son named Jerioth. Her other sons were Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Caleb the son of Hezron begot children of Azubah his wife--and of Jerioth--and these were her sons: Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

New American Standard 1977
Now Caleb the son of Hezron had sons by Azubah his wife, and by Jerioth; and these were her sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Caleb, the son of Hezron, begat Jerioth of Azubah, his wife. And her sons were Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.

King James 2000 Bible
And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

American King James Version
And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

American Standard Version
And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth; and these were her sons: Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Chaleb the son of Esrom took Gazuba to wife, and Jerioth: and these were her sons; Jasar, and Subab, and Ardon.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Caleb the son of Hesron took a wife named Azuba, of whom he had Jerioth: and her sons were Jaser, and Sobab, and Ardon.

Darby Bible Translation
And Caleb the son of Hezron had children by Azubah [his] wife, and by Jerioth: her sons are these: Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

English Revised Version
And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: and these were her sons; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

World English Bible
Caleb the son of Hezron became the father of [children] of Azubah [his] wife, and of Jerioth; and these were her sons: Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

Young's Literal Translation
And Caleb son of Hezron hath begotten Azubah, Isshah, and Jerioth; and these are her sons: Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.
Study Bible
The Sons of Israel
17Abigail was the mother of Amasa, whose father was Jether the Ishmaelite. 18Caleb son of Hezron had children by his wife Azubah and by Jerioth. These were the sons of Azubah: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon. 19When Azubah died, Caleb married Ephrath, who bore to him Hur.…
Cross References
1 Chronicles 2:17
Abigail was the mother of Amasa, whose father was Jether the Ishmaelite.

1 Chronicles 2:19
When Azubah died, Caleb married Ephrath, who bore to him Hur.

Treasury of Scripture

And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.

A.

1 Chronicles 2:9
The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai.

Chelubai.

1 Chronicles 2:42
Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were, Mesha his firstborn, which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.







Lexicon
Caleb
וְכָלֵ֣ב (wə·ḵā·lêḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3612: Caleb -- a son of Jephunneh and sent by Moses to spy out the land

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Hezron
חֶצְר֗וֹן (ḥeṣ·rō·wn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2696: Hezron -- two Israelites, also two places in Judah

had children
הוֹלִ֛יד (hō·w·lîḏ)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

by his wife
אִשָּׁ֖ה (’iš·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 802: Woman, wife, female

Azubah
עֲזוּבָ֥ה (‘ă·zū·ḇāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5806: Azubah -- two Israelite women

and by Jerioth.
יְרִיע֑וֹת (yə·rî·‘ō·wṯ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3408: Jerioth -- an Israelite woman

These [were]
וְאֵ֣לֶּה (wə·’êl·leh)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 428: These, those

the sons of Azubah:
בָנֶ֔יהָ (ḇā·ne·hā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

Jesher,
יֵ֥שֶׁר (yê·šer)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3475: Jesher -- 'uprightness', a son of Caleb

Shobab,
וְשׁוֹבָ֖ב (wə·šō·w·ḇāḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7727: Shobab -- two Israelites

and Ardon.
וְאַרְדּֽוֹן׃ (wə·’ar·dō·wn)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 715: Ardon -- a son of Caleb
(18) And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife.--The Heb. text, as it stands, does not say this. The prima facie rendering is, "And Caleb son of Hezron begat Azubah a woman, and Jerioth: and these (are) her sons; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon." But 1Chronicles 2:19 continues: "And Azubah died, and Caleb took to himself (as wife) Ephrath," which of course suggests that Azubah was not daughter but a former wife of Caleb. 1Chronicles 2:18 has also been translated, "And Caleb son of Hezron caused Azubah a wife and Jerioth to bear children." (Comp. Isaiah 66:9.) It seems best to read, "his wife, daughter of Jerioth ('ishto -bath.Ierioth), instead of the text (ishshah ve'eth Ierioth); and to render: And Caleb son of Hezron begat sons with Azubah daughter of Jerioth" (eth, the particle before Azubah, is ambiguous, and might be either the mere sign of the accusative, or the prep. "with," cum, ????). The Syriac partly supports this version, for it reads: "And Caleb begat of Azubah, his wife, Jerioth," making Jerioth Azubah's daughter. The LXX. has, "And Caleb took Azubah a wife and Jerioth," which only shows that the corruption of the text is ancient.

Verses 18-20. - (C) Chelubai. The descendants of Caleb (Chelubai), placed third of Hezron's sons, are next dealt with; but the subject is almost immediately interrupted by resumed reference to Hezron (vers. 21-24), and by the table of Jemh-meel and his descendants (vers. 25-41); after which the table of Caleb, apparently the same Caleb, is carried on (vers. 42-49). Taking these broken portions, however, just as they come, we are immediately met by a series of uncertainties and surprises. Ver. 18 is obscure in that it says Caleb had children by Azubah (the Hebrew construction also unusual), a wife, or indeed strictly a woman (not even using the ordinary formula "his wife"), and by Jerioth, of whom nothing is said; and the verse adds obscurity by saying, her sons are these, without plainly indicating to which woman reference is made. It may be safely presumed, however, from what follows, that Azubah is intended, though no other part of Scripture helps us By so much as a mention of the sons' names to determine it certainly. Meantime one Hebrew manuscript and the Chaldee Paraphrase are found to omit the words "and by Jerioth." The Vulgate, and the Syriac and Arabic versions, make Jerioth one of the children - possibly a daughter - of Caleb and Azubah, and this view is supported by Kennicott and Houbigant (Barrington's 'Genealogies,' 1:210). The tone of ver. 19 may certainly he held to offer some countenance to the assumption that either Jerioth's name ought to appear as that of a child or not at all. The name Ephrath in this verse abounds with interest. The ancient name of the town of Bethlehem, and also apparently of a district round it, is the same word which is found here as the name of a woman. In either case it is more generally written אֶפְרָתָה, as even in the two other appearances of it in this very chapter. Two manuscripts, followed by two ancient editions, and apparently by the Vulgate, substitute aleph for the above final he. In Micah 5:1, Bethlehem is found united with Ephratah in one compound word. The mother Ephrath is here interesting for her descendants given, her son Hur, grandson Uri, and great-grandson Bezaleel. Further reference to these is made in ver. 50. 2:1-55 Genealogies. - We are now come to the register of the children of Israel, that distinguished people, who were to dwell alone, and not be reckoned among the nations. But now, in Christ, all are welcome to his salvation who come to him; all have equal privileges according to their faith in him, their love and devotedness to him. All that is truly valuable consists in the favour, peace, and image of God, and a life spent to his glory, in promoting the welfare of our fellow-creatures.
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Alphabetical: and Ardon Azubah by Caleb children had her Hezron his Jerioth Jerioth Jesher Now of Shobab son sons the These were wife

OT History: 1 Chronicles 2:18 Caleb the son of Hezron became (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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