1 Kings 9:18
New International Version
Baalath, and Tadmor in the desert, within his land,

New Living Translation
Baalath, and Tamar in the wilderness within his land.

English Standard Version
and Baalath and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land of Judah,

Berean Study Bible
Baalath, and Tamar in the Wilderness of Judah,

King James Bible
And Baalath, and Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land,

New King James Version
Baalath, and Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land of Judah,

New American Standard Bible
and Baalath and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land of Judah,

NASB 1995
and Baalath and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land of Judah,

NASB 1977
and Baalath and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land of Judah,

Amplified Bible
Baalath and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land of Judah,

Christian Standard Bible
Baalath, Tamar in the Wilderness of Judah,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Baalath, Tamar in the Wilderness of Judah,

American Standard Version
and Baalath, and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Baaluth and Tadmur that are in the land of the wilderness

Contemporary English Version
Baalath, and Tamar in the desert of Judah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Baalath, and Palmira in the land of the wilderness.

English Revised Version
and Baalath, and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land,

Good News Translation
Baalath, Tamar in the wilderness of Judah,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Baalath, Tadmor in the desert (inside the country), and

International Standard Version
Baalath, and Tamar in the wilderness,

JPS Tanakh 1917
and Baalath, and Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land,

Literal Standard Version
and Ba‘alath, and Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land,

NET Bible
Baalath, Tadmor in the wilderness,

New Heart English Bible
and Baalath, and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land,

World English Bible
and Baalath, and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land,

Young's Literal Translation
and Baalath, and Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Solomon's Numerous Achievements
17So Solomon rebuilt Gezer, Lower Beth-horon, 18 Baalath, and Tamar in the Wilderness of Judah, 19as well as all the store cities that Solomon had for his chariots and horses—whatever he desired to build in Jerusalem, Lebanon, and throughout the land of his dominion.…

Cross References
Joshua 19:44
Eltekeh, Gibbethon, Baalath,

1 Kings 9:19
as well as all the store cities that Solomon had for his chariots and horses--whatever he desired to build in Jerusalem, Lebanon, and throughout the land of his dominion.


Treasury of Scripture

And Baalath, and Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land,

Baalath

Joshua 19:44
And Eltekeh, and Gibbethon, and Baalath,

Tadmor

2 Chronicles 8:4
And he built Tadmor in the wilderness, and all the store cities, which he built in Hamath.









(18) Baalath is said by Josephus to have been in the same neighbourhood; and this agrees with the mention of it in Joshua 19:44, as lying in the region assigned to Dan, on the edge of the Philistine country. The three, Gezer, Beth-horon, and Baalath, evidently form a group of fortified places commanding the passes from the sea-coast.

Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land.--The Hebrew text here has Tamar (with, however, Tadmor as a marginal reading). From this fact, and from the peculiar expression "in the land," which certainly seems to designate the land of Israel, and from the juxtaposition of the name in this passage with the names of places situated in the southern part of Palestine, it has been thought that the place meant is the Tamar of Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:28), or, perhaps, Hazazon-Tamar, the old name of En-gedi; and that the marginal reading, and the reading of the old versions, have arisen from a mistaken identification of this place with the Tadmor of 2Chronicles 9:4. But, on the whole, these considerations are not sufficient to counterbalance the invariable reference of this passage, by all the ancient versions and by the narrative of Josephus, to the celebrated Tadmor, the name of which is a local variety of the Hebrew name Tamar (or "the palm-tree,") preserved in the later name of Palmyra. If this be meant, it is indeed difficult to suppose that there is not some omission after the words "in the land."

Tadmor, or Palmyra, is described by Josephus as "in the desert above Syria, a day's journey from the Euphrates, and six long days' journey from Babylon the Great." Its foundation is described in 2Chronicles 9:4, as connected with a subjugation of Hamathzobah, and it may have had a military purpose. But situated on a well-watered oasis, in the midst of the desert, south-west of Tiphsah or Thapsacus on the Euphrates, also occupied by Solomon (see 1Kings 4:24), and about 120 miles from Damascus, it would be eminently fitted for trade both with Damascus and with Babylon and the north. Its importance is indicated by its long existence as a great city, and by its splendour (still traceable in its ruins), in Greek and Roman times, down to, at least, the age of Diocletian. . . .

Verse 18. - And Baalath [probably the place mentioned in Joshua 19:44, and therefore a town of Daniel By some it has been identified, but on wholly insufficient grounds - the mention of Tadmor immediately afterwards being the chief - with Baalbek. This is one of the names which prove how ancient and widespread was the worship of Baal (Gesen., Thesaurus, 225; Dict. Bib., 1:147,148) ] and Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land. [Whether this is

(1) the famous Palmyra, or

(2) Tamar, an obscure town of south Judah, is a question which has been much disputed. It should be stated in the first place that the Cethib has תמר, but the Keri, after 2 Chronicles 8:4, reads תדמר, as do all the versions; and secondly that a Tarnar is mentioned Ezekiel 47:19 and Ezekiel 48:28 a place which may well be identical with "Hazazon Tamar, which is Engedi" (2 Chronicles 20:2; cf. Genesis 14:7. In favour of (1) are the following considerations:

(1) the statement of the chronicler that Solomon did build Palmyra (for of the identity of "Tadmor" with Palmyra there can be no reasonable doubt; see Dict. Bib. 3:1428). . . .

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Baalath,
בַּעֲלָ֛ת (ba·‘ă·lāṯ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1191: Baalath -- a city in Dan

and
וְאֶת־ (wə·’eṯ-)
Conjunctive waw | Direct object marker
Strong's 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

Tamar
תַּדְמֹ֥ר (taḏ·mōr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 8412: Tadmor -- a city built by Solomon

in the Wilderness
בַּמִּדְבָּ֖ר (bam·miḏ·bār)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4057: A pasture, a desert, speech

[of Judah],
בָּאָֽרֶץ׃ (bā·’ā·reṣ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 776: Earth, land


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OT History: 1 Kings 9:18 And Baalath and Tamar in the wilderness (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg)
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