1 Kings 9:17
New International Version
And Solomon rebuilt Gezer.) He built up Lower Beth Horon,

New Living Translation
So Solomon rebuilt the city of Gezer.) He also built up the towns of Lower Beth-horon,

English Standard Version
so Solomon rebuilt Gezer) and Lower Beth-horon

Berean Study Bible
So Solomon rebuilt Gezer, Lower Beth-horon,

King James Bible
And Solomon built Gezer, and Bethhoron the nether,

New King James Version
And Solomon built Gezer, Lower Beth Horon,

New American Standard Bible
So Solomon rebuilt Gezer and the lower Beth-horon,

NASB 1995
So Solomon rebuilt Gezer and the lower Beth-horon

NASB 1977
So Solomon rebuilt Gezer and the lower Beth-horon

Amplified Bible
So Solomon rebuilt [and fortified] Gezer and Lower Beth-horon,

Christian Standard Bible
Then Solomon rebuilt Gezer, Lower Beth-horon,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Solomon rebuilt Gezer, Lower Beth-horon,

American Standard Version
And Solomon built Gezer, and Beth-horon the nether,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Solomon built Gezer and Bayth Khuran the Lower

Contemporary English Version
So Solomon had the town rebuilt. Solomon ordered his workers to rebuild Lower Beth-Horon,

Douay-Rheims Bible
So Solomon built: Gazer, and Beth-horon the nether,

English Revised Version
Solomon built Gezer, and Beth-horon the nether,

Good News Translation
and Solomon rebuilt it.) Using his forced labor, Solomon also rebuilt Lower Beth Horon,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So Solomon rebuilt Gezer, Lower Beth Horon,

International Standard Version
So Solomon rebuilt Gezer, lower Beth-horon,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Solomon built Gezer, and Beth-horon the nether,

Literal Standard Version
And Solomon builds Gezer, and the lower Beth-Horon,

NET Bible
Solomon built up Gezer, lower Beth Horon,

New Heart English Bible
Solomon built Gezer, and Lower Beth Horon,

World English Bible
Solomon built Gezer, and Beth Horon the lower,

Young's Literal Translation
And Solomon buildeth Gezer, and Beth-Horon the lower,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Solomon's Numerous Achievements
16Pharaoh king of Egypt had attacked and captured Gezer. He had set it on fire, killed the Canaanites who lived in the city, and given it as a dowry to his daughter, Solomon’s wife. 17So Solomon rebuilt Gezer, Lower Beth-horon, 18Baalath, and Tamar in the Wilderness of Judah,…

Cross References
Joshua 10:10
And the LORD threw them into confusion before Israel, who defeated them in a great slaughter at Gibeon, pursued them along the ascent to Beth-horon, and struck them down as far as Azekah and Makkedah.

Joshua 16:3
Then it descended westward to the border of the Japhletites as far as the border of Lower Beth-horon and on to Gezer, and it ended at the Sea.

Joshua 21:22
Kibzaim, and Beth-horon--four cities, together with their pasturelands.

2 Chronicles 8:5
He rebuilt Upper and Lower Beth-horon as fortified cities with walls, gates, and bars,


Treasury of Scripture

And Solomon built Gezer, and Bethhoron the nether,

Beth-horon

Joshua 16:3
And goeth down westward to the coast of Japhleti, unto the coast of Bethhoron the nether, and to Gezer: and the goings out thereof are at the sea.

Joshua 19:44
And Eltekeh, and Gibbethon, and Baalath,

Joshua 21:22
And Kibzaim with her suburbs, and Bethhoron with her suburbs; four cities.









(17) Beth-horon the nether.--The name "Beth-horon" ("the house of caves,") was given to two small towns or villages (still called Beit--r), near Gezer, commanding the steep and rugged pass from the maritime plain, celebrated for three great victories of Israel--the great victory of Joshua (Joshua , 10), the victory of Judas Maccabaeus (1 Maccabees 3:13-24), and the last victory of the Jews over the Roman army of Cestius Gallus, before the fall of Jerusalem (Josephus, Wars of the Jews, ii. 19). The lower Beth-horon stands On a low eminence on the edge of the plain.

Verse 17. - And Solomon built Gezer [In the case of Gezer it was an actual rebuilding. But as applied to Beth-boron, etc., "built" probably means enlarged, strengthened] and Beth-horon the nether [mentioned in connexion with Gezer, Joshua 16:3 (cf. 10:10). It is deserving of mention that the two cities of Beth-horon still survive in the modern villages of Beitur el-tahta and el-fok," names which are "clearly corruptions of Beth-horon "the Nether" and "the Upper" (Stanley, S. and P., p. 208): One lies at the foot of the ravine, on an eminence, the other at the summit of the pass. Like Megiddo and Gezer, this town, too, lay on a high road, viz., that between Jerusalem and the sea coast. The selection of Beth-horon for fortification by Solomon is also justified by history - three decisive battles having been fought here (see Joshua 10:10; 1 Macc. 3:13-24, and Jos., Bell Jud. 2.19.8. The object of the king in fortifying this place was to protect the uplands of Judah, Benjamin, and Ephraim against invasion from the Philistine plain. It is perhaps not unnoteworthy that, according to our author, it was Beth-horon the nether that Solomon "built," as this would naturally have suffered more than its loftier neighbour from war. According to 2 Chronicles 8:5, however, Solomon built Beth-horon the upper also.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
So Solomon
שְׁלֹמֹה֙ (šə·lō·mōh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 8010: Solomon -- David's son and successor to his throne

rebuilt
וַיִּ֤בֶן (way·yi·ḇen)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1129: To build

Gezer,
גָּ֔זֶר (gā·zer)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1507: Gezer -- 'portion', a Levitical city on the border of Ephraim

Lower
תַּחְתּֽוֹן׃ (taḥ·tō·wn)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 8481: Lower, lowest

Beth-horon,
חֹרֹ֖ן (ḥō·rōn)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1032: Beth-horon -- 'place of a hollow', two adjoining cities in Palestine


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OT History: 1 Kings 9:17 Solomon built Gezer and Beth Horon (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg)
1 Kings 9:16
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