Zechariah 5:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
I asked, "What is it?" He replied, "It is a basket." And he added, "This is the iniquity of the people throughout the land."

New Living Translation
"What is it?" I asked. He replied, "It is a basket for measuring grain, and it's filled with the sins of everyone throughout the land."

English Standard Version
And I said, “What is it?” He said, “This is the basket that is going out.” And he said, “This is their iniquity in all the land.”

New American Standard Bible
I said, "What is it?" And he said, "This is the ephah going forth." Again he said, "This is their appearance in all the land

King James Bible
And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah that goeth forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance through all the earth.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So I asked, "What is it?" He responded, "It's a measuring basket that is approaching." And he continued, "This is their iniquity in all the land."

International Standard Version
So I asked, "What is it?" He replied, "This is a basket making its appearance." He also said, "This is what it appears to be in the entire land."

NET Bible
I asked, "What is it?" And he replied, "It is a basket for measuring grain that is moving away from here." Moreover, he said, "This is their 'eye' throughout all the earth."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"What is it?" I asked. "A basket is coming," he said. Then he added, "This is what the people's sins look like all over the earth."

Jubilee Bible 2000
And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah to measure wheat that goes forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance in all the earth.

King James 2000 Bible
And I said, What is it? And he said, This is the basket that goes forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance through all the earth.

American King James Version
And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah that goes forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance through all the earth.

American Standard Version
And I said, What is it? And he said, This is the ephah that goeth forth. He said moreover, This is their appearance in all the land;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I said: What is it? And he said: This is a vessel going forth. And he said: This is their eye in all the earth.

Darby Bible Translation
And I said, What is it? And he said, This is the ephah that goeth forth. And he said, This is their resemblance in all the land.

English Revised Version
And I said, What is it? And he said, This is the ephah that goeth forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance in all the land:

Webster's Bible Translation
And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah that goeth forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance through all the earth.

World English Bible
I said, "What is it?" He said, "This is the ephah basket that is appearing." He said moreover, "This is their appearance in all the land

Young's Literal Translation
And I say, 'What is it?' And he saith, 'This -- the ephah that is coming forth.' And he saith, 'This is their aspect in all the land.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:5-11 In this vision the prophet sees an ephah, something in the shape of a corn measure. This betokened the Jewish nation. They are filling the measure of their iniquity; and when it is full, they shall be delivered into the hands of those to whom God sold them for their sins. The woman sitting in the midst of the ephah represents the sinful church and nation of the Jews, in their latter and corrupt age. Guilt is upon the sinner as a weight of lead, to sink him to the lowest hell. This seems to mean the condemnation of the Jews, after they filled the measure of their iniquities by crucifying Christ and rejecting his gospel. Zechariah sees the ephah, with the woman thus pressed in it, carried away to some far country. This intimates that the Jews should be hurried out of their own land, and forced to dwell in far countries, as they had been in Babylon. There the ephah shall be firmly placed, and their sufferings shall continue far longer than in their late captivity. Blindness is happened unto Israel, and they are settled upon their own unbelief. Let sinners fear to treasure up wrath against the day of wrath; for the more they multiply crimes, the faster the measure fills.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 6. - What is it? The prophet did not clearly discern the object, or his question may mean, "What does it signify?" An ephah; the ephah, as "the curse" (ver. 3). The ephah was the largest of the dry measures in use among the Jews, and was equal to six or seven gallons. It was, of course, too small to contain a woman. The LXX. calls it simply "the measure;" the Vulgate, amphora; and it must be considered as an imaginary vessel of huge size. It may have a tacit reference to dishonest dealings (comp. Amos 8:5; Micah 6:10). This is their resemblance; literally, this is their eye. The Authorized Version explains the meaning accurately. "Eye" is often used for that which is seen, as in Leviticus 13:55, where the Authorized Version has "colour;" and Numbers 11:7, where in reference to the manna we read, "The eve thereof was as the eye of bdellium" (comp. Ezekiel 1:4, 16). So here the meaning is: This ephah and this whole vision represent the wicked in the land. Some take "the eye" to mean the object of sight, that to which they look. But the ephah was not sot forth for all the people to examine. The LXX. and Syriac, from some variation in the reading, have ἀδικία, "iniquity," and some critics have desired to adopt this in the text. But authority and necessity are equally wanting.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And I said, What is it?.... After he had lifted up his eyes and seen it, he desires to know both what it was, and what was the meaning of it:

and he said, This is an ephah that goeth forth; which was a measure much in use with the Jews, Exodus 16:36 it is the same with the "bath", and held above seven wine gallons. The Targum interprets this of such who dealt in false measures, whose sin is exposed, and their punishment set forth; but rather it designs the measure of iniquity filling up, either in Judea, particularly in the times of Christ, Matthew 23:32 or in the whole world, and especially in the antichristian states, Revelation 18:5, and

He said moreover, this is their resemblance through all the earth; or "this is their eye" (z); what they are looking at, and intent upon, namely, this ephah; that is, to fill up the measure of their iniquity: or, as Kimchi and Ben Melech interpret it, this ephah, which thou seest, shows that there is an eye upon them which sees their works; and this is the eye of the Lord, which sees and takes notice of all the evil actions of men, not as approving them, but as observing them, and avenging them. Cocceius, by the "ephah", understands an abundance of temporal good things bestowed upon the Christian church in Constantine's time and following, on which the eyes of carnal men were looking.

(z) "haec est oculus eorum", Pagninus, Montanus, Munster, Vatablus, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Tarnovius, Cocceius.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

6. This is their resemblance—literally, "eye" (compare Eze 1:4, 5, 16). Hengstenberg translates, "Their (the people's) eye" was all directed to evil. But English Version is better. "This is the appearance (that is, an image) of the Jews in all the land" (not as English Version, "in all the earth"), that is, of the wicked Jews.

This—Here used of what was within the ephah, not the ephah itself.

Zechariah 5:6 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Woman in a Basket
5Then the angel who was speaking with me went out and said to me, "Lift up now your eyes and see what this is going forth." 6I said, "What is it?" And he said, "This is the ephah going forth." Again he said, "This is their appearance in all the land 7(and behold, a lead cover was lifted up); and this is a woman sitting inside the ephah."…
Cross References
Leviticus 19:36
Use honest scales and honest weights, an honest ephah and an honest hin. I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt.

Amos 8:5
saying, "When will the New Moon be over that we may sell grain, and the Sabbath be ended that we may market wheat?"-- skimping on the measure, boosting the price and cheating with dishonest scales,

Zechariah 5:7
Then the cover of lead was raised, and there in the basket sat a woman!
Treasury of Scripture

And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah that goes forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance through all the earth.

This is an ephah. The meaning of this vision, says Archbishop Newcome, seems to be, that the Babylonish captivity had happened on account of the wickedness of the Jews, and that a like dispersion would befall them if they relapsed into like crimes. The woman who sat in the {ephah} was an emblem of the Jewish nation; the casting the weight of lead on the mouth of the {ephah} seems to mean the condemnation of the Jews, after they had filled up the measure of their iniquities by crucifying the Messiah; the two women, with wings like a stork, and the wind in their wings, seem emblematical of the Roman armies and the rapidity of their conquests; and their lifting up the {ephah} and carrying it through the air, to build it a house in Shinar or Babylon, where it was fixed on its own basis, represents the taking of Jerusalem, the dispersion of the Jews, and the long continuance of that calamity, as a just punishment of their unbelief.

Ezekiel 44:10,11 And the Levites that are gone away far from me, when Israel went …

Amos 8:5 Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and …

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OT Prophets: Zechariah 5:6 I said What is it? He said (Zech. Zec Zc) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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