Psalm 69:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They put gall in my food and gave me vinegar for my thirst.

New Living Translation
But instead, they give me poison for food; they offer me sour wine for my thirst.

English Standard Version
They gave me poison for food, and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink.

New American Standard Bible
They also gave me gall for my food And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

King James Bible
They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Instead, they gave me gall for my food, and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

International Standard Version
They put poison in my food, in my thirst they forced me to drink vinegar.

NET Bible
They put bitter poison into my food, and to quench my thirst they give me vinegar to drink.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
They put bitter herbs in my food and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They poisoned my food, and when I was thirsty, they gave me vinegar to drink.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They also gave me gall for my food; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

King James 2000 Bible
They gave me also gall for my food; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

American King James Version
They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

American Standard Version
They gave me also gall for my food; And in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they gave me gall for my food, and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Darby Bible Translation
Yea, they gave me gall for my food, and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

English Revised Version
They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Webster's Bible Translation
They gave me also gall for my food; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

World English Bible
They also gave me gall for my food. In my thirst, they gave me vinegar to drink.

Young's Literal Translation
And they give for my food gall, And for my thirst cause me to drink vinegar.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

69:13-21 Whatever deep waters of affliction or temptation we sink into, whatever floods of trouble or ungodly men seem ready to overwhelm us, let us persevere in prayer to our Lord to save us. The tokens of God's favour to us are enough to keep our spirits from sinking in the deepest outward troubles. If we think well of God, and continue to do so under the greatest hardships, we need not fear but he will do well for us. And if at any time we are called on to suffer reproach and shame, for Christ's sake, this may be our comfort, that he knows it. It bears hard on one that knows the worth of a good name, to be oppressed with a bad one; but when we consider what a favour it is to be accounted worthy to suffer shame for the name of Jesus, we shall see that there is no reason why it should be heart-breaking to us. The sufferings of Christ were here particularly foretold, which proves the Scripture to be the word of God; and how exactly these predictions were fulfilled in Jesus Christ, which proves him to be the true Messiah. The vinegar and the gall given to him, were a faint emblem of that bitter cup which he drank up, that we might drink the cup of salvation. We cannot expect too little from men, miserable comforters are they all; nor can we expect too much from the God of all comfort and consolation.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 21. - They gave me also gall for my meat. Here, at any rate, the psalmist is inspired to be Messianic, i.e. to use words which, while they can only be applied to himself metaphorically and loosely, are in the strictest and most literal sense applicable to Christ. Gall was actually mingled with the drink which was given to Christ just before he was crucified, and which he tasted, but would not swallow (Matthew 27:34). And in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink. Similarly, when upon the cress Christ uttered the words, "I thirst," those who stood by "filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his month. When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished; and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost" (John 19:29, 30); comp. Psalm 22:16-18, where little facts, not true of David, but true of Christ, are recorded of an afflicted one, who partly represents David, partly his great Descendant.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

They gave me also gall for my meat,.... Either some bitter herb mentioned with wormwood and hemlock, Deuteronomy 29:18; or the gall of some animal The Targum renders it,

"the gall of the heads of serpents:''

the poison of some serpents is in their heads, and the word that is here used signifies the head; see Deuteronomy 32:33. This was literally fulfilled in Christ, Matthew 27:34; and showed that he bore the curse of the law; that being given to him for food, which was not fit to be eaten; thereby intimating, that he deserved not to have the common food and necessaries of life; which is the case of those in whose place and stead he suffered: and this may be a rebuke to such who, through fulness and affluence, are apt to slight and contemn some of the good creatures of God, which ought to be received with thanksgiving; let them remember the gall that was given Christ for meat. And this may serve to reconcile poor Christians to that mean fare and low way of living they are obliged to; though they, have but a dinner of herbs, or bread and water, it is better fare than their Lord's; it is not gall;

and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink; Christ, when on the cross, was athirst, which was occasioned by a fever that usually attended persons in his circumstances; see Psalm 22:15; and, that this Scripture might be fulfilled, he signified it, saying, "I thirst"; upon which vinegar was given to him, as all the evangelists relate; Matthew 27:48. This shows the truth of Christ's human nature; that it was a true and real body that he assumed, which was subject to hunger and thirst, and was supported by food and drink, as our bodies are; also the truth of divine revelation; since such a minute circumstance as this, predicted so many hundred years ago, should, after so long a time, be exactly fulfilled; and likewise the truth of the Messiahship of Jesus, in whom this, and every thing else said Messiah, in the Law, the Prophets, and the book of Psalms, were fully accomplished; and therefore it may be strongly concluded that this is he of whom they spoke. Moreover, this expresses the inhumanity of the enemies of Christ, to use him in this manner, when he was suffering and dying; see Proverbs 31:6.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

21. Instead of such, his enemies increase his pain by giving him most distasteful food and drink. The Psalmist may have thus described by figure what Christ found in reality (compare Joh 19:29, 30).

Psalm 69:21 Additional Commentaries
Context
I Endure Scorn for Your Sake
20Reproach has broken my heart and I am so sick. And I looked for sympathy, but there was none, And for comforters, but I found none. 21They also gave me gall for my food And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink. 22May their table before them become a snare; And when they are in peace, may it become a trap.…
Cross References
Matthew 27:34
There they offered Jesus wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, he refused to drink it.

Matthew 27:48
Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge. He filled it with wine vinegar, put it on a staff, and offered it to Jesus to drink.

Mark 15:23
Then they offered him wine mixed with myrrh, but he did not take it.

Mark 15:36
Someone ran, filled a sponge with wine vinegar, put it on a staff, and offered it to Jesus to drink. "Now leave him alone. Let's see if Elijah comes to take him down," he said.

Luke 23:36
The soldiers also came up and mocked him. They offered him wine vinegar

John 19:28
Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, "I am thirsty."

Deuteronomy 29:18
Make sure there is no man or woman, clan or tribe among you today whose heart turns away from the LORD our God to go and worship the gods of those nations; make sure there is no root among you that produces such bitter poison.

Jeremiah 8:14
Why are we sitting here? Gather together! Let us flee to the fortified cities and perish there! For the LORD our God has doomed us to perish and given us poisoned water to drink, because we have sinned against him.
Treasury of Scripture

They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

gall for my meat. Rochart, from a comparison of this passage with

John 19:29 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge …

Jeremiah 8:14 Why do we sit still? assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the …

Jeremiah 9:15 Therefore thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, …

Jeremiah 23:15 Therefore thus said the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets; Behold, …

Matthew 27:34,48 They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had …

vinegar

Mark 15:23,36 And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not…

Luke 23:36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,

John 19:29,30 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge …

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