Psalm 69:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They put gall in my food and gave me vinegar for my thirst.

King James Bible
They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Darby Bible Translation
Yea, they gave me gall for my food, and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

World English Bible
They also gave me gall for my food. In my thirst, they gave me vinegar to drink.

Young's Literal Translation
And they give for my food gall, And for my thirst cause me to drink vinegar.

Psalm 69:21 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

They gave me also gall for my meat - Even the food, necessary to preserve us in their slavery, was frequently mingled with what rendered it unpleasant and disgusting, though not absolutely unwholesome. And vinegar, sour small wines, was given us for our beverage. This is applied to our Lord, Matthew 27:34, where the reader is requested to consult the notes.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

gall for my meat. Rochart, from a comparison of this passage with

John 19:29 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it on hyssop, and put it to his mouth.

, thinks that [rosh] is the same herb as the evangelist calls hyssop; a species of which, growing in Judea, he proves from Isaac ben Orman, an Arabian writer, to be so bitter as not to be eatable. Theophylact expressly tells us, that the hyssop was added [] [as being deleterious] or poisonous: and Nonnus, in his paraphrase, says [], `One gave the deadly acid mixed with hyssop.'

Jeremiah 8:14 Why do we sit still? assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the defended cities, and let us be silent there...

Jeremiah 9:15 Therefore thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will feed them, even this people, with wormwood...

Jeremiah 23:15 Therefore thus said the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets; Behold, I will feed them with wormwood...

Matthew 27:34,48 They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink...

vinegar

Mark 15:23,36 And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not...

Luke 23:36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,

John 19:29,30 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it on hyssop, and put it to his mouth...

Library
Messiah Unpitied, and Without a Comforter
Reproach [Rebuke] hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters, but I found none. T he greatness of suffering cannot be certainly estimated by the single consideration of the immediate, apparent cause; the impression it actually makes upon the mind of the sufferer, must likewise be taken into the account. That which is a heavy trial to one person, may be much lighter to another, and, perhaps, no trial at all. And a state
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 1

Letter xxxix (A. D. 1137) to the Same.
To the Same. He expresses his regret at his very long absence from his beloved Clairvaux, and his desire to return to his dear sons. He tells them of the consolations that he feels nevertheless in his great labours for the Church. 1. My soul is sorrowful until I return, and it refuses to be comforted till it see you. For what is my consolation in the hour of evil, and in the place of my pilgrimage? Are not you in the Lord? Wherever I go, the sweet memory of you never leaves me; but the sweeter the
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux—Some Letters of Saint Bernard, Abbot of Clairvaux

Christ's Resurrection Song.
WHEN the blessed Lord appeared in the midst of His disciples and they beheld the risen One in His glorified body of flesh and bones and He ate before them, He told them that all things which were written in the Law of Moses, and the Prophets and in the Psalms concerning Him, had to be fulfilled (Luke xxiv:44). While on the way to Emmaus He said to the two sorrowing and perplexed disciples "Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into His glory? And beginning at Moses and all
Arno Gaebelein—The Lord of Glory

Aron, Brother of Moses, 486, 487.
Abba, same as Father, [3]381; St. Paul uses both words, [4]532. Abel, [5]31, [6]252, [7]268, [8]450. Abimelech, [9]72, [10]197. Abraham, seed of, faithful Christians also, [11]148, [12]149, [13]627; servant's hand under his thigh, [14]149, [15]334; poor in midst of riches, [16]410. Absalom, David's son, [17]4, [18]5; type of Judas the traitor, [19]4, [20]20. Absolution granted by the Church, [21]500. Abyss, or deep, of God's judgments, [22]88; of man's heart, [23]136. Accuser, the devil the great,
St. Augustine—Exposition on the Book of Psalms

Cross References
Matthew 27:34
There they offered Jesus wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, he refused to drink it.

Matthew 27:48
Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge. He filled it with wine vinegar, put it on a staff, and offered it to Jesus to drink.

Mark 15:23
Then they offered him wine mixed with myrrh, but he did not take it.

Mark 15:36
Someone ran, filled a sponge with wine vinegar, put it on a staff, and offered it to Jesus to drink. "Now leave him alone. Let's see if Elijah comes to take him down," he said.

Luke 23:36
The soldiers also came up and mocked him. They offered him wine vinegar

John 19:28
Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, "I am thirsty."

Deuteronomy 29:18
Make sure there is no man or woman, clan or tribe among you today whose heart turns away from the LORD our God to go and worship the gods of those nations; make sure there is no root among you that produces such bitter poison.

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