Psalm 18:40
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
You made my enemies turn their backs in flight, and I destroyed my foes.

New Living Translation
You placed my foot on their necks. I have destroyed all who hated me.

English Standard Version
You made my enemies turn their backs to me, and those who hated me I destroyed.

New American Standard Bible
You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me, And I destroyed those who hated me.

King James Bible
Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You have made my enemies retreat before me; I annihilate those who hate me.

International Standard Version
You have made my enemies turn their back to me, and I will destroy those who hate me.

NET Bible
You make my enemies retreat; I destroy those who hate me.

New Heart English Bible
You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me, that I might cut off those who hate me.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And you will break my enemies in front of me and I shall silence those who hate me.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You made my enemies turn their backs to me, and I destroyed those who hated me.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou hast also made mine enemies turn their backs unto me, And I did cut off them that hate me.

New American Standard 1977
Thou hast also made my enemies turn their backs to me,
            And I destroyed those who hated me.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou hast also given me the necks of my enemies that I might destroy those that hate me.

King James 2000 Bible
You have also given me the necks of my enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.

American King James Version
You have also given me the necks of my enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.

American Standard Version
Thou hast also made mine enemies turn their backs unto me, That I might cut off them that hate me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou hast made my enemies turn their back upon me, and hast destroyed them that hated me.

Darby Bible Translation
And mine enemies didst thou make to turn their backs unto me, and those that hated me I destroyed.

English Revised Version
Thou hast also made mine enemies turn their backs unto me, that I might cut off them that hate me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hast also given me the necks of my enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.

World English Bible
You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me, that I might cut off those who hate me.

Young's Literal Translation
As to mine enemies -- Thou hast given to me the neck, As to those hating me -- I cut them off.
Study Bible
The Lord is My Rock
39For You have girded me with strength for battle; You have subdued under me those who rose up against me. 40You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me, And I destroyed those who hated me. 41They cried for help, but there was none to save, Even to the LORD, but He did not answer them.…
Cross References
Exodus 23:27
"I will send My terror ahead of you, and throw into confusion all the people among whom you come, and I will make all your enemies turn their backs to you.

Psalm 21:12
For You will make them turn their back; You will aim with Your bowstrings at their faces.

Psalm 89:23
"But I shall crush his adversaries before him, And strike those who hate him.

Psalm 94:23
He has brought back their wickedness upon them And will destroy them in their evil; The LORD our God will destroy them.

Psalm 118:10
All nations surrounded me; In the name of the LORD I will surely cut them off.
Treasury of Scripture

You have also given me the necks of my enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.

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(40) Thou hast also given.--Literally, and as to mine enemies, thou gavest to me the back, which either means "turned to flight so that only their backs were visible" (Jeremiah 18:17 and Psalm 21:12), or alludes to the common symbolism of defeat--trampling on an enemy's neck.

Verse 40. - Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies; i.e. "thou hast made them turn their backs upon me in flight" (comp. Exodus 23:27, where the same expression is used). That I might destroy them that hate me. David must not be supposed to speak from personal animosity. He expresses himself as the king of God's people, bound to do his utmost to protect them, and to deliver them from the enemies who "hate" him only because he is the leader and champion of his countrymen. The neighbouring nations in David's time seem to have been bent on the total extirpation of the Hebrew people. Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies,.... Either to slay them, or to trample or put a yoke upon them; or rather the sense is, thou hast made them to fly before me, to turn their necks or backs unto me, as the word is used in Joshua 7:8; and it is expressive of an utter rout and vanquishing of them;

that I might destroy them that hate me; they not being able to face him and stand against him. 40. given me the necks—literally, "backs of the necks"; made them retreat (Ex 23:27; Jos 7:8).18:32, and the following verses, are the gifts of God to the spiritual warrior, whereby he is prepared for the contest, after the example of his victorious Leader. Learn that we must seek release being made through Christ, shall be rejected. In David the type, we behold out of trouble through Christ. The prayer put up, without reconciliation Jesus our Redeemer, conflicting with enemies, compassed with sorrows and with floods of ungodly men, enduring not only the pains of death, but the wrath of God for us; yet calling upon the Father with strong cries and tears; rescued from the grave; proceeding to reconcile, or to put under his feet all other enemies, till death, the last enemy, shall be destroyed. We should love the Lord, our Strength, and our Salvation; we should call on him in every trouble, and praise him for every deliverance; we should aim to walk with him in all righteousness and true holiness, keeping from sin. If we belong to him, he conquers and reigns for us, and we shall conquer and reign through him, and partake of the mercy of our anointed King, which is promised to all his seed for evermore. Amen.
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