Psalm 139:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You know when I sit and when I rise; you perceive my thoughts from afar.

New Living Translation
You know when I sit down or stand up. You know my thoughts even when I'm far away.

English Standard Version
You know when I sit down and when I rise up; you discern my thoughts from afar.

New American Standard Bible
You know when I sit down and when I rise up; You understand my thought from afar.

King James Bible
Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You know when I sit down and when I stand up; You understand my thoughts from far away.

International Standard Version
You know when I rest and when I am active. You understand what I am thinking when I am distant from you.

NET Bible
You know when I sit down and when I get up; even from far away you understand my motives.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You know my sitting and my rising; you have understood my reasonings from the high place.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You alone know when I sit down and when I get up. You read my thoughts from far away.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou knowest my sitting down and my rising up, thou dost understand my thoughts from afar.

King James 2000 Bible
You know my downsitting and my uprising, you understand my thought afar off.

American King James Version
You know my sitting down and my rising up, you understand my thought afar off.

American Standard Version
Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising; Thou understandest my thought afar off.

Douay-Rheims Bible
thou hast know my sitting down, and my rising up.

Darby Bible Translation
*Thou* knowest my down-sitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off;

English Revised Version
Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou knowest my down-sitting and my up rising, thou understandest my thought afar off.

World English Bible
You know my sitting down and my rising up. You perceive my thoughts from afar.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou -- Thou hast known my sitting down, And my rising up, Thou hast attended to my thoughts from afar.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

139:1-6 God has perfect knowledge of us, and all our thoughts and actions are open before him. It is more profitable to meditate on Divine truths, applying them to our own cases, and with hearts lifted to God in prayer, than with a curious or disputing frame of mind. That God knows all things, is omniscient; that he is every where, is omnipresent; are truths acknowledged by all, yet they are seldom rightly believed in by mankind. God takes strict notice of every step we take, every right step and every by step. He knows what rule we walk by, what end we walk toward, what company we walk with. When I am withdrawn from all company, thou knowest what I have in my heart. There is not a vain word, not a good word, but thou knowest from what thought it came, and with what design it was uttered. Wherever we are, we are under the eye and hand of God. We cannot by searching find how God searches us out; nor do we know how we are known. Such thoughts should restrain us from sin.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising. All that I do from one end of the day to the other. Thou understandest my thought afar off; i.e. while it is just forming - long before it is a fully developed thought.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising,.... Here the psalmist proceeds to observe the particular circumstances and actions of his life, which were known to God; as his "downsitting", either to take rest, as weary persons do. Schultens (a) explains it of the quiet rest in sleep; this the Lord knew when he betook himself to it, and to whose care he committed himself and family; under whose protection he laid himself down, and on whom he depended for safety, Psalm 4:8. Or, since lying down to sleep is afterwards mentioned, this may respect sitting down at table to eat and drink; when the Lord knows whether men use the creatures aright, or abuse them; whether they receive their food with thankfulness, and eat and drink to the glory of God: or else this downsitting was to read the word of God, and meditate upon it; so the Targum paraphrases it,

"my sitting down to study the law.''

When men do this, the Lord knows whether in reading they understand what they read, or read attentively and with affection; whether it is to their comfort and edification, and for doctrine, reproof, correction, and instruction in righteousness; whether their meditation on it is sweet, and is attended with profit and pleasure. "Uprising" may respect either rising from bed, when the Lord knows whether the heart is still with him, Psalm 139:18; what sense is had of the divine protection and sustentation, and what thankfulness there is for the mercies of the night past; and whether the voice of prayer and praise is directed to him in the morning, as it should be, Psalm 3:5; or else rising from the table, when the Lord knows whether a man's table has been his snare, and with what thankfulness he rises from it for the favours he has received. The Targum interprets this of rising up to go to war; which David did, in the name and strength, and by the direction, of the Lord;

thou understandest my thought afar off; God knows not only his own thoughts, but the thoughts of men, which none but themselves know; by this Christ appears to be truly God, the omniscient God, being a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart, Matthew 9:3, Hebrews 4:12. God knows what thoughts his people have of him, and of his lovingkindness in Christ; what thoughts they have of Christ himself, his person, offices, and grace; what thoughts they have of themselves, their state, and condition: he knows all their vain thoughts, and complains of them, and which also they hate; and all their good thoughts, for they come from him. And he knows them "afar off", or "of old" (b), even before they are; so Aben Ezra interprets it, a long time past, and compares it with Jeremiah 31:3; where the same word is rendered "of old": God knows the thoughts of his people, as well as his own, from all eternity; see Isaiah 25:1; as he knew what they would say and do, so what they would think; he knows thoughts that are past long ago, and forgotten by men, or were unobserved when thought; how else should he bring them into judgment? or though he is afar off in the highest heavens, yet he sees into the hearts of men, and is privy to all their thoughts.

(a) Animadv. Philol. p. 181. (b) "q. d. dum illa longe abest", Piscator; "longe ante quam incidat in animum meum", Gejerus, & Campensis in Ibid.



Psalm 139:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
You have Searched Me and Know Me
1For the choir director. A Psalm of David. O LORD, You have searched me and known me. 2You know when I sit down and when I rise up; You understand my thought from afar. 3You scrutinize my path and my lying down, And are intimately acquainted with all my ways.…
Cross References
Matthew 9:4
Knowing their thoughts, Jesus said, "Why do you entertain evil thoughts in your hearts?

2 Kings 19:27
"'But I know where you are and when you come and go and how you rage against me.

Psalm 44:21
would not God have discovered it, since he knows the secrets of the heart?

Psalm 94:11
The LORD knows all human plans; he knows that they are futile.

Isaiah 66:18
"And I, because of what they have planned and done, am about to come and gather the people of all nations and languages, and they will come and see my glory.

Lamentations 3:63
Look at them! Sitting or standing, they mock me in their songs.

Daniel 2:30
As for me, this mystery has been revealed to me, not because I have greater wisdom than anyone else alive, but so that Your Majesty may know the interpretation and that you may understand what went through your mind.
Treasury of Scripture

You know my sitting down and my rising up, you understand my thought afar off.

knowest

Psalm 56:8 You tell my wanderings: put you my tears into your bottle: are they …

Genesis 16:13 And she called the name of the LORD that spoke to her, You God see …

2 Kings 6:12 And one of his servants said, None, my lord, O king: but Elisha, …

2 Kings 19:27 But I know your stayed, and your going out, and your coming in, and …

Proverbs 15:3 The eyes of the LORD are in every place, beholding the evil and the good.

Isaiah 37:28 But I know your stayed, and your going out, and your coming in, and …

Zechariah 4:10 For who has despised the day of small things? for they shall rejoice…

understandest

Psalm 94:11 The LORD knows the thoughts of man, that they are vanity.

Matthew 9:4 And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, Why think you evil in your hearts?

Luke 9:47 And Jesus, perceiving the thought of their heart, took a child, and …

John 2:24,25 But Jesus did not commit himself to them, because he knew all men…

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who …

afar off

Ezekiel 38:10,11,17 Thus said the Lord GOD; It shall also come to pass, that at the same …

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