Psalm 139:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You know when I sit down and when I rise up; you discern my thoughts from afar.

King James Bible
Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off.

American Standard Version
Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising; Thou understandest my thought afar off.

Douay-Rheims Bible
thou hast know my sitting down, and my rising up.

English Revised Version
Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou knowest my down-sitting and my up rising, thou understandest my thought afar off.

Psalm 139:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

There are two things for which the poet gives thanks to God: He has answered him in the days of trouble connected with his persecution by Saul and in all distresses; and by raising him to the throne, and granting him victory upon victory, and promising him the everlasting possession of the throne, He has filled him with a proud courage, so that lofty feeling has taken up its abode in his soul, which was formerly fearful about help. Just as רהב signifies impetuosity, vehemence, and then also a monster, so הרהיב signifies both to break in upon one violently and overpowerlingly (Sol 6:5; cf. Syriac arheb, Arabic arhaba, to terrify), and to make any one courageous, bold, and confident of victory. בּנפשׁי עז forms a corollary to the verb that is marked by Mugrash or Dech: so that in my soul there was עז, i.e., power, viz., a consciousness of power (cf. Judges 5:21). The thanksgiving, which he, the king of the promise, offers to God on account of this, will be transmitted to all the kings of the earth when they shall hear (שׁמעוּ in the sense of a fut. exactum) the words of His mouth, i.e., the divine אמרה, and they shall sing of (שׁיר with בּ, like דּבּר בּ in Psalm 87:3, שׂיח בּ in Psalm 105:2 and frequently, הלּל בּ in Psalm 44:9, הזכּיר בּ in Psalm 20:8, and the like) the ways of the God of the history of salvation, they shall sing that great is the glory of Jahve. Psalm 138:6 tells us by what means He has so super-gloriously manifested Himself in His leadings of David. He has shown Himself to be the Exalted One who is His all-embracing rule does not leave the lowly (cf. David's confessions in Psalm 131:1; 2 Samuel 6:22) unnoticed (Psalm 113:6), but on the contrary makes him the especial object of His regard; and on the other hand even from afar (cf. Psalm 139:2) He sees through (ידע as in Psalm 94:11; Jeremiah 29:23) the lofty one who thinks himself unobserved and conducts himself as if he were answerable to no higher being (Psalm 10:4). In correct texts וגבה has Mugrash, and ממרחק Mercha. The form of the fut. Kal יידע is formed after the analogy of the Hiphil forms ייליל in Isaiah 16:7, and frequently, and ייטיב in Job 24:21; probably the word is intended to be all the more emphatic, inasmuch as the first radical, which disappears in ידע, is thus in a certain measure restored.

(Note: The Greek imperfects with the double (syllabic and temporal) augment, as ἑώρων, ἀνέῳγον, are similar. Chajuǵ also regards the first Jod in these forms as the preformative and the second as the radical, whereas Abulwald, Gramm. ch. xxvi. p. 170, explains the first as a prosthesis and the second as the preformative. According to the view of others, e.g., of Kimchi, יידע might be fut. Hiph. weakened from יהדע (יהידיע), which, apart from the unsuitable meaning, assumes a change of consonants that is all the more inadmissible as ידע itself springs from ודע. Nor is it to be supposed that יידע is modified from יידע (Luzzatto, 197), because it is nowhere written יידע.)

Psalm 139:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

knowest

Psalm 56:8 You tell my wanderings: put you my tears into your bottle: are they not in your book?

Genesis 16:13 And she called the name of the LORD that spoke to her, You God see me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that sees me?

2 Kings 6:12 And one of his servants said, None, my lord, O king: but Elisha, the prophet that is in Israel...

2 Kings 19:27 But I know your stayed, and your going out, and your coming in, and your rage against me.

Proverbs 15:3 The eyes of the LORD are in every place, beholding the evil and the good.

Isaiah 37:28 But I know your stayed, and your going out, and your coming in, and your rage against me.

Zechariah 4:10 For who has despised the day of small things? for they shall rejoice...

understandest

Psalm 94:11 The LORD knows the thoughts of man, that they are vanity.

Matthew 9:4 And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, Why think you evil in your hearts?

Luke 9:47 And Jesus, perceiving the thought of their heart, took a child, and set him by him,

John 2:24,25 But Jesus did not commit himself to them, because he knew all men...

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness...

afar off

Ezekiel 38:10,11,17 Thus said the Lord GOD; It shall also come to pass, that at the same time shall things come into your mind...

Cross References
Matthew 9:4
But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, "Why do you think evil in your hearts?

2 Kings 19:27
"But I know your sitting down and your going out and coming in, and your raging against me.

Psalm 44:21
would not God discover this? For he knows the secrets of the heart.

Psalm 94:11
the LORD--knows the thoughts of man, that they are but a breath.

Isaiah 66:18
"For I know their works and their thoughts, and the time is coming to gather all nations and tongues. And they shall come and shall see my glory,

Lamentations 3:63
Behold their sitting and their rising; I am the object of their taunts.

Daniel 2:30
But as for me, this mystery has been revealed to me, not because of any wisdom that I have more than all the living, but in order that the interpretation may be made known to the king, and that you may know the thoughts of your mind.

Jump to Previous
Afar Attended Far Perceive Rise Rising Seated Sit Sitting Thou Thought Thoughts Understand Understandest Uprising
Jump to Next
Afar Attended Far Perceive Rise Rising Seated Sit Sitting Thou Thought Thoughts Understand Understandest Uprising
Links
Psalm 139:2 NIV
Psalm 139:2 NLT
Psalm 139:2 ESV
Psalm 139:2 NASB
Psalm 139:2 KJV

Psalm 139:2 Bible Apps
Psalm 139:2 Biblia Paralela
Psalm 139:2 Chinese Bible
Psalm 139:2 French Bible
Psalm 139:2 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition 2011: The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Psalm 139:1
Top of Page
Top of Page