Psalm 139:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David. O LORD, you have searched me and known me!

King James Bible
To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. O LORD, thou hast searched me, and known me.

American Standard Version
O Jehovah, thou hast searched me, and known me .

Douay-Rheims Bible
Lord, thou hast proved me, and known me:

English Revised Version
For the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David. LORD, thou hast searched me, and known me.

Webster's Bible Translation
To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. O LORD, thou hast searched me, and known me.

Psalm 139:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

There are two things for which the poet gives thanks to God: He has answered him in the days of trouble connected with his persecution by Saul and in all distresses; and by raising him to the throne, and granting him victory upon victory, and promising him the everlasting possession of the throne, He has filled him with a proud courage, so that lofty feeling has taken up its abode in his soul, which was formerly fearful about help. Just as רהב signifies impetuosity, vehemence, and then also a monster, so הרהיב signifies both to break in upon one violently and overpowerlingly (Sol 6:5; cf. Syriac arheb, Arabic arhaba, to terrify), and to make any one courageous, bold, and confident of victory. בּנפשׁי עז forms a corollary to the verb that is marked by Mugrash or Dech: so that in my soul there was עז, i.e., power, viz., a consciousness of power (cf. Judges 5:21). The thanksgiving, which he, the king of the promise, offers to God on account of this, will be transmitted to all the kings of the earth when they shall hear (שׁמעוּ in the sense of a fut. exactum) the words of His mouth, i.e., the divine אמרה, and they shall sing of (שׁיר with בּ, like דּבּר בּ in Psalm 87:3, שׂיח בּ in Psalm 105:2 and frequently, הלּל בּ in Psalm 44:9, הזכּיר בּ in Psalm 20:8, and the like) the ways of the God of the history of salvation, they shall sing that great is the glory of Jahve. Psalm 138:6 tells us by what means He has so super-gloriously manifested Himself in His leadings of David. He has shown Himself to be the Exalted One who is His all-embracing rule does not leave the lowly (cf. David's confessions in Psalm 131:1; 2 Samuel 6:22) unnoticed (Psalm 113:6), but on the contrary makes him the especial object of His regard; and on the other hand even from afar (cf. Psalm 139:2) He sees through (ידע as in Psalm 94:11; Jeremiah 29:23) the lofty one who thinks himself unobserved and conducts himself as if he were answerable to no higher being (Psalm 10:4). In correct texts וגבה has Mugrash, and ממרחק Mercha. The form of the fut. Kal יידע is formed after the analogy of the Hiphil forms ייליל in Isaiah 16:7, and frequently, and ייטיב in Job 24:21; probably the word is intended to be all the more emphatic, inasmuch as the first radical, which disappears in ידע, is thus in a certain measure restored.

(Note: The Greek imperfects with the double (syllabic and temporal) augment, as ἑώρων, ἀνέῳγον, are similar. Chajuǵ also regards the first Jod in these forms as the preformative and the second as the radical, whereas Abulwald, Gramm. ch. xxvi. p. 170, explains the first as a prosthesis and the second as the preformative. According to the view of others, e.g., of Kimchi, יידע might be fut. Hiph. weakened from יהדע (יהידיע), which, apart from the unsuitable meaning, assumes a change of consonants that is all the more inadmissible as ידע itself springs from ודע. Nor is it to be supposed that יידע is modified from יידע (Luzzatto, 197), because it is nowhere written יידע.)

Psalm 139:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2956, B.C.

1048. A Psalm. This Psalm is supposed to have been composed by David when made king of Israel; though some think it was written by him when accused of traitorous designs against Saul. It is a most sublime ode on the wisdom, knowledge, presence, and justice of God; the sentiments are grand, the style highly elevated, and the images various, beautiful, and impressive.

thou hast

Psalm 139:23 Search me, O God, and know my heart: try me, and know my thoughts:

Psalm 11:4,5 The LORD is in his holy temple, the LORD's throne is in heaven: his eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men...

Psalm 17:3 You have proved my heart; you have visited me in the night; you have tried me, and shall find nothing...

Psalm 44:21 Shall not God search this out? for he knows the secrets of the heart.

1 Kings 8:39 Then hear you in heaven your dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his ways, whose heart you know...

1 Chronicles 28:9 And you, Solomon my son, know you the God of your father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind...

Jeremiah 12:3 But you, O LORD, know me: you have seen me, and tried my heart toward you: pull them out like sheep for the slaughter...

Jeremiah 17:9,10 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it...

John 21:17 He said to him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, love you me? Peter was grieved because he said to him the third time, Love you me?...

Hebrews 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight...

Revelation 2:18,23 And to the angel of the church in Thyatira write; These things said the Son of God, who has his eyes like to a flame of fire...

Cross References
Romans 8:27
And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God.

Revelation 2:23
and I will strike her children dead. And all the churches will know that I am he who searches mind and heart, and I will give to each of you according to your works.

Genesis 3:8
And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden.

Genesis 16:13
So she called the name of the LORD who spoke to her, "You are a God of seeing," for she said, "Truly here I have seen him who looks after me."

2 Kings 19:27
"But I know your sitting down and your going out and coming in, and your raging against me.

Job 14:16
For then you would number my steps; you would not keep watch over my sin;

Psalm 17:3
You have tried my heart, you have visited me by night, you have tested me, and you will find nothing; I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress.

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