Numbers 24:18
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Edom will be conquered; Seir, his enemy, will be conquered, but Israel will grow strong.

New Living Translation
Edom will be taken over, and Seir, its enemy, will be conquered, while Israel marches on in triumph.

English Standard Version
Edom shall be dispossessed; Seir also, his enemies, shall be dispossessed. Israel is doing valiantly.

New American Standard Bible
"Edom shall be a possession, Seir, its enemies, also will be a possession, While Israel performs valiantly.

King James Bible
And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Edom will become a possession; Seir will become a possession of its enemies, but Israel will be triumphant.

International Standard Version
Edom will be a conquered nation and Seir will be Israel's defeated foe, while Israel performs valiantly.

NET Bible
Edom will be a possession, Seir, his enemies, will also be a possession; but Israel will act valiantly.

New Heart English Bible
Edom shall be a possession. Seir, his enemies, also shall be a possession, while Israel does valiantly.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Edom will be conquered, and Seir, his enemy, will be conquered. So Israel will become wealthy.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also, even his enemies, shall be a possession; While Israel doeth valiantly.

New American Standard 1977
“And Edom shall be a possession,
            Seir, its enemies, also shall be a possession,
            While Israel performs valiantly.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Edom shall be taken; Seir also shall be taken by his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly.

King James 2000 Bible
And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly.

American King James Version
And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly.

American Standard Version
And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession, who were his enemies; While Israel doeth valiantly.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he shall possess Idumea: the inheritance of Seir shall come to their enemies, but Israel shall do manfully

Darby Bible Translation
And Edom shall be a possession, and Seir a possession, -- they, his enemies; but Israel will do valiantly.

English Revised Version
And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession, which were his enemies; While Israel doeth valiantly.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly.

World English Bible
Edom shall be a possession. Seir, his enemies, also shall be a possession, while Israel does valiantly.

Young's Literal Translation
And Edom hath been a possession, And Seir hath been a possession, for its enemies, And Israel is doing valiantly;
Study Bible
Balaam's Fourth Oracle
17"I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near; A star shall come forth from Jacob, A scepter shall rise from Israel, And shall crush through the forehead of Moab, And tear down all the sons of Sheth. 18"Edom shall be a possession, Seir, its enemies, also will be a possession, While Israel performs valiantly. 19"One from Jacob shall have dominion, And will destroy the remnant from the city."…
Cross References
Genesis 27:29
May peoples serve you, And nations bow down to you; Be master of your brothers, And may your mother's sons bow down to you. Cursed be those who curse you, And blessed be those who bless you."

Genesis 32:3
Then Jacob sent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

Numbers 20:18
Edom, however, said to him, "You shall not pass through us, or I will come out with the sword against you."

Numbers 24:19
"One from Jacob shall have dominion, And will destroy the remnant from the city."

2 Samuel 8:14
He put garrisons in Edom. In all Edom he put garrisons, and all the Edomites became servants to David. And the LORD helped David wherever he went.

Psalm 60:12
Through God we shall do valiantly, And it is He who will tread down our adversaries.

Amos 9:11
"In that day I will raise up the fallen booth of David, And wall up its breaches; I will also raise up its ruins And rebuild it as in the days of old;

Amos 9:12
That they may possess the remnant of Edom And all the nations who are called by My name," Declares the LORD who does this.

Obadiah 1:2
"Behold, I will make you small among the nations; You are greatly despised.
Treasury of Scripture

And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly.

Of Jacob

Genesis 49:10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between …

Psalm 2:1-12 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing…

Psalm 72:10,11 The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the …

Isaiah 11:10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand …

Micah 5:2,4 But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, though you be little among the thousands …

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me …

1 Corinthians 15:25 For he must reign, till he has put all enemies under his feet.

Ephesians 1:20-22 Which he worked in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and …

Philippians 2:10,11 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, …

Hebrews 1:8 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: …

1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels …

Revelation 19:16 And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING …

shall destroy

Psalm 21:7-10 For the king trusts in the LORD, and through the mercy of the most …

Matthew 25:46 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous …

Luke 19:12,27 He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country to …

(18) And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also . . . --Better, And Edom shall be a possession, and Seir shall be a possession, for his enemies (i.e., the enemies of Israel, or, rather, of the Ruler who was to rise out of Israel). The Hebrew word (oyebaiv) which is rendered "his enemies" appears to stand in apposition to Edom and Seir, as the word zaraiv (his enemies, or adversaries) in Numbers 24:8 to "the nations." Edom was the name of the people, Seir of the country. (See Genesis 32:3.) The prophecy received its primary accomplishment in the time of David (2Samuel 8:14), but the ultimate accomplishment is to be found in the person and work of Christ (Isaiah 63:1-4).

And Israel shall do valiantly.--Or, shall acquire power or wealth. (Comp. Deuteronomy 8:17-18; Ruth 4:11.)

Verse 18. - Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies. Seir (Genesis 32:3), or Mount Seir (Genesis 36:8), was the old name, still retained as an alternative, of Edom. It is uncertain whether the rendering "for his (i.e., Edom's) enemies" is correct. The Hebrew is simply אֹיְבָיו, which may stand in apposition to Edom and Seir, "his enemies," i.e., the enemies of Israel. So the Septuagint, Ησαῦ ὁ ἐχθρὸς αὐτοῦ. Shall do valiantly, or, "shall be prosperous" (cf. Deuteronomy 8:17; Ruth 4:11). And Edom shall be a possession,.... Of the children of Israel, which was fulfilled in part when the Edomites became the servants of David, 2 Samuel 8:14 and when they were smitten and spoiled by Judas Maccabeus,them a great overthrow, and abated their courage, and took their spoils.'' (1 Maccabees 5:3)and still more so when all the Edomites or the Idumaeans were subdued by Hyrcanus, and they became one people with the Jews, and conformed to their religious rites; which is not only related by Josephus (n), but by Strabo (o), an Heathen historian, who says, that they joined themselves to the Jews, and embraced their laws: but in a spiritual sense this has had a greater accomplishment in the calling of the Gentiles, and introducing them into the church of God; see Amos 9:12 compared with Acts 15:14.

Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; which was a mount in the land of Edom where Esau formerly dwelt, and so signifies the same as before: and also that the most strong and fortified places of the land should fall into the hands of their enemies; See Gill on Obadiah 1:17, Obadiah 1:18, Obadiah 1:19.

Israel shall do valiantly; in fighting with and conquering the Edomites, or shall get much wealth and riches by the spoil of them, see Psalm 60:9. This, and the following verse, are in some ancient writings of the Jews (p) interpreted of the times of the Messiah.

(n) Antiqu. l. 13. c. 9. sect. 1.((o) Geograph. l. 16. p. 523. (p) Zohar in Numb. fol. 85. 4. & 86. 1.18. Edom shall be a possession—This prophecy was accomplished by David (2Sa 8:14).

Seir—seen in the south, and poetically used for Edom. The double conquest of Moab and Edom is alluded to (Ps 60:8; 108:9).24:15-25 Under the powerful influence of the Spirit of prophecy, Balaam foretold the future prosperity and extensive dominion of Israel. Balaam boasts that his eyes are open. The prophets were in old times called seers. He had heard the words of God, which many do who neither heed them, nor hear God in them. He knew the knowledge of the Most High. A man may be full of the knowledge of God, yet utterly destitute of the grace of God. He calls God the Most High and the Almighty. No man could seem to express a greater respect to God; yet he had no true fear of him, love to him, nor faith in him; so far a man may go toward heaven, and yet come short of it at last. Here is Balaam's prophecy concerning Him who should be the crown and glory of his people Israel; who is David in the type; but our Lord Jesus, the promised Messiah, is chiefly pointed at, and of him it is an illustrious prophecy. Balaam, a wicked man, shall see Christ, but shall not see him nigh; not see him as Job, who saw him as his Redeemer, and saw him for himself. When he comes in the clouds, every eye shall see him; but many will see him, as the rich man in hell saw Abraham, afar off. He shall come out of Jacob, and Israel, as a Star and a Sceptre; the former denoting his glory and lustre; the latter his power and authority. Christ shall be King, not only of Jacob and Israel, but of all the world; so that all shall be either governed by his golden sceptre, or dashed in pieces by his iron rod. Balaam prophesied concerning the Amalekites and Kenites, part of whose country he had now in view. Even a nest in a rock will not be a lasting security. Here is a prophecy that looks as far forward as to the Greeks and Romans. He acknowledges all the revolutions of states and kingdoms to be the Lord's doing. These events will make such desolations, that scarcely any will escape. They that live then, will be as brands plucked out of the fire. May God fit us for the worst of times! Thus Balaam, instead of cursing the church, curses Amalek the first, and Rome the last enemy of the church. Not Rome pagan only, but Rome papal also; antichrist and all the antichristian powers. Let us ask ourselves, Do we in knowledge, experience, or profession, excel Balaam? No readiness of speech, even in preaching or prayer, no gifts of knowledge or prophecy, are in themselves different from, or superior to the boasted gifts of him who loved the wages of unrighteousness, and died the enemy of God. Simple dependence on the Redeemer's atoning blood and sanctifying grace, cheerful submission to the Divine will, constant endeavours to glorify God and benefit his people, these are less splendid, but far more excellent gifts, and always accompany salvation. No boasting hypocrite ever possessed these; yet the feeblest believer has something of them, and is daily praying for more of them.
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