Luke 19:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
A man was there by the name of Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was wealthy.

New Living Translation
There was a man there named Zacchaeus. He was the chief tax collector in the region, and he had become very rich.

English Standard Version
And behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus. He was a chief tax collector and was rich.

Berean Study Bible
And there was a man named Zacchaeus, a chief tax collector, who was very wealthy.

Berean Literal Bible
And behold, a man by name called Zacchaeus, and he was a chief tax collector, and he was rich.

New American Standard Bible
And there was a man called by the name of Zaccheus; he was a chief tax collector and he was rich.

King James Bible
And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, which was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
There was a man named Zacchaeus who was a chief tax collector, and he was rich.

International Standard Version
a man named Zacchaeus appeared. He was a leading tax collector, and a rich one at that!

NET Bible
Now a man named Zacchaeus was there; he was a chief tax collector and was rich.

New Heart English Bible
And look, there was a man named Zacchaeus. He was a chief tax collector, and he was rich.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
A certain man was there whose name was Zakkai; he was a rich man and Chief of Tax Collectors,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A man named Zacchaeus was there. He was the director of tax collectors, and he was rich.

New American Standard 1977
And behold, there was a man called by the name of Zaccheus; and he was a chief tax-gatherer, and he was rich.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and, behold, a man named Zacchaeus, who was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.

King James 2000 Bible
And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, who was the chief among the tax collectors, and he was rich.

American King James Version
And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, which was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.

American Standard Version
And behold, a man called by name Zacchaeus; and he was a chief publican, and he was rich.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And behold, there was a man named Zacheus, who was the chief of the publicans, and he was rich.

Darby Bible Translation
And behold, [there was] a man by name called Zacchaeus, and he was chief tax-gatherer, and he was rich.

English Revised Version
And behold, a man called by name Zacchaeus; and he was a chief publican, and he was rich.

Webster's Bible Translation
And behold, there was a man named Zaccheus, who was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.

Weymouth New Testament
There was a man there called Zacchaeus, who was the local surveyor of taxes, and was wealthy.

World English Bible
There was a man named Zacchaeus. He was a chief tax collector, and he was rich.

Young's Literal Translation
and lo, a man, by name called Zaccheus, and he was a chief tax-gatherer, and he was rich,
Study Bible
Jesus and Zacchaeus
1Then Jesus entered Jericho and was passing through. 2And there was a man named Zacchaeus, a chief tax collector, who was very wealthy. 3He was trying to see who Jesus was, but could not see over the crowd, because he was small in stature.…
Cross References
Matthew 10:3
Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;

Luke 19:1
Then Jesus entered Jericho and was passing through.

Luke 19:3
He was trying to see who Jesus was, but could not see over the crowd, because he was small in stature.

Luke 19:5
When Jesus came to that place, He looked up and said, "Zacchaeus, hurry down, for I must stay at your house today."
Treasury of Scripture

And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, which was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich.

the chief. [Architelones,] rather, 'a chief publican,' or tax gatherer. Probably Zacchaeus, who appears from his name to have been a Jew, farmed the revenue of the district around Jericho, having others under him, who either rented of him smaller portions, or were employed as servants to collect the taxes.

and he.

Luke 18:24-27 And when Jesus saw that he was very sorrowful, he said, How hardly …

2 Chronicles 17:5,6 Therefore the LORD established the kingdom in his hand; and all Judah …

(2) There was a man named Zacchus, . . .--The name appears in the Old Testament in the form Zaccai (Ezra 2:9; Nehemiah 7:14), and meant "pure" or "innocent." Rabbinic writers mention a Zacchus as living at Jericho about this time, the father of a famous Rabbi, Jochanan or John.

The chief among the publicans.--The position of Jericho near the fords of the Jordan made it a natural trade-centre for the imports from the Gilead country--myrrh and balsam. Under the government of Herod and Archelaus it had become once more a city of palm-trees (Judges 1:16), and their dates and palm-honey were probably liable to an octroi duty. The "farming" system adopted in the Roman revenue probably gave Zacchus the status of a middle-man or sub-contractor between the great capitalists of the equestrian order at Rome, the real publicani, and the "publicans" commonly so called, who were the actual collectors. As such he had as abundant opportunities for enriching himself as a Turkish pacha, and, as we may infer from his own words, had probably not altogether escaped the temptations of his calling.

And behold there was a man named Zacchaeus,.... Or "Zaccai", a name in use among the Jews; see Ezra 2:9. We often read of , "Rabbi Zaccai", or "Zacchaeus" (a), and very frequently of R. Jochanan ben Zaccai, a famous doctor that lived in the times of Christ, and even till after the destruction of Jerusalem. The Jews also make mention of one R. Zaccai, a prince of the seed of David the king, in later times (b). So that this man, as appears by his name, was a Jew, though some have thought him to have been a Gentile (c), perhaps because of his employment: but it does not follow from thence; for there were Jews that were publicans, as Levi, or Matthew, afterwards one of Christ's disciples; and also in Jewish writings, mention is made, as of , "a stranger", or "a Gentile publican" (d), so likewise of , "an Israelite publican" (e); and such an one was Zacchaeus, as follows:

which was chief among the publicans; the head of them in that place, to whom the rest brought the tax, tribute, or toll; he was the receiver general of the tax: at the toll booths, at bridges, for people's going over the water, there was , "the greater publican", and , "the lesser publican" (f), who was deputy to the other. What sort of tax Zacchaeus was concerned in collecting, is not certain; however, he was a principal man in this employ, and had got great riches by it.

And he was rich; was a person of figure among the publicans, and of substance, which he had gained in his post. And though the instances of rich men being called by grace are few, yet there have been some; and the rather this circumstance is mentioned, because it had been observed in the preceding chapter, how difficult, but not impossible, as this instance proves, it was for rich men to enter into the kingdom of God.

(a) T. Bab. Megilla, fol. 27. 2. & Yebamot, fol. 77. 2. Nazir, fol. 38. 1. & Nidda, fol. 41. 2. & Juchasin, fol. 90. 2.((b) R. Benjamin Itinerar. p. 61, 94. (c) Tertull. contr. Marcion. l. 4. c. 37. (d) T. Bab. Bava Kama, fol. 113. 1.((e) Maimon. & Bartenora in Misn. Bava Kama, c. 10. sect. 1.((f) T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 78. 2.2-4. chief among the publicans—farming a considerable district, with others under him.

rich—Ill-gotten riches some of it certainly was. (See on [1695]Lu 19:8.)19:1-10 Those who sincerely desire a sight of Christ, like Zaccheus, will break through opposition, and take pains to see him. Christ invited himself to Zaccheus' house. Wherever Christ comes he opens the heart, and inclines it to receive him. He that has a mind to know Christ, shall be known of him. Those whom Christ calls, must humble themselves, and come down. We may well receive him joyfully, who brings all good with him. Zaccheus gave proofs publicly that he was become a true convert. He does not look to be justified by his works, as the Pharisee; but by his good works he will, through the grace of God, show the sincerity of his faith and repentance. Zaccheus is declared to be a happy man, now he is turned from sin to God. Now that he is saved from his sins, from the guilt of them, from the power of them, all the benefits of salvation are his. Christ is come to his house, and where Christ comes he brings salvation with him. He came into this lost world to seek and to save it. His design was to save, when there was no salvation in any other. He seeks those that sought him not, and asked not for him.
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