Lamentations 3:39
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Why should the living complain when punished for their sins?

New Living Translation
Then why should we, mere humans, complain when we are punished for our sins?

English Standard Version
Why should a living man complain, a man, about the punishment of his sins?

New American Standard Bible
Why should any living mortal, or any man, Offer complaint in view of his sins?

King James Bible
Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Why should any living person complain, any man, because of the punishment for his sins?

International Standard Version
Why should anyone living complain, any mortal, about being punished for sin?

NET Bible
Why should any living person complain when punished for his sins?

New Heart English Bible
Why does a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Why should any living mortal (any person) complain about being punished for sin?

JPS Tanakh 1917
Wherefore doth a living man complain, A strong man because of his sins?

New American Standard 1977
Why should any living mortal, or any man,
            Offer complaint in view of his sins?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Mem Why does the living man have pain, the man in his sins?

King James 2000 Bible
Why does a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

American King James Version
Why does a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

American Standard Version
Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Mem. Why hath a living man murmured, man suffering for his sins?

Darby Bible Translation
Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

English Revised Version
Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

Webster's Bible Translation
Why doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

World English Bible
Why does a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

Young's Literal Translation
What -- sigh habitually doth a living man, A man for his sin?
Study Bible
God's Justice
38Is it not from the mouth of the Most High That both good and ill go forth? 39Why should any living mortal, or any man, Offer complaint in view of his sins? 40Let us examine and probe our ways, And let us return to the LORD.…
Cross References
Hebrews 12:5
And you have forgotten the exhortation that addresses you as sons: "My son, do not make light of the Lord's discipline, or lose heart when He rebukes you.

Hebrews 12:6
For the Lord disciplines the one He loves, and He chastises everyone He receives as a son."

Psalm 107:17
Fools, because of their rebellious way, And because of their iniquities, were afflicted.

Jeremiah 30:15
Why do you cry out over your injury? Your pain is incurable. Because your iniquity is great And your sins are numerous, I have done these things to you.

Micah 7:9
I will bear the indignation of the LORD Because I have sinned against Him, Until He pleads my case and executes justice for me. He will bring me out to the light, And I will see His righteousness.
Treasury of Scripture

Why does a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

doth

Lamentations 3:22 It is of the LORD's mercies that we are not consumed, because his …

Numbers 11:11 And Moses said to the LORD, Why have you afflicted your servant? …

Proverbs 19:3 The foolishness of man perverts his way: and his heart frets against the LORD.

Isaiah 38:17-19 Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but you have in love to …

complain, or murmur. a man

Genesis 4:5-7,13,14 But to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was …

Leviticus 26:41,43 And that I also have walked contrary to them, and have brought them …

Numbers 16:41 But on the morrow all the congregation of the children of Israel …

Numbers 17:12 And the children of Israel spoke to Moses, saying, Behold, we die, …

Joshua 7:6-13 And Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth on his face before …

2 Samuel 6:7,8 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote …

2 Kings 3:13 And Elisha said to the king of Israel, What have I to do with you? …

2 Kings 6:32 But Elisha sat in his house, and the elders sat with him; and the …

Ezra 9:13 And after all that is come on us for our evil deeds, and for our …

Job 11:6 And that he would show you the secrets of wisdom…

Isaiah 51:20 Your sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, …

Jonah 2:3,4 For you had cast me into the deep, in the middle of the seas; and …

Jonah 4:8,9 And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a …

Micah 7:9 I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against …

Hebrews 12:5-12 And you have forgotten the exhortation which speaks to you as to …

Revelation 16:9 And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of …

(39) Wherefore doth a living man . . .--Better, Why doth a man who lives? i.e., whose life is spared him (comp. Jeremiah 45:5), with all its possibilities of good, complain of sufferings which, however unjust as far as those who cause them are concerned, are, in relation to the sufferer, the just punishment of his own sins?

Verse 39. - Wherefore cloth a living man complain, etc.? The God of whom the poet speaks is the Searcher of hearts. Why, then, should a man complain when he knows that he deserves his punishment? The close of the verse should run, (Let) a man (rather sigh) over his sins. Wherefore doth a living man complain?.... Or murmur, or fret and vex, or bemoan himself; all which the word (k) may signify; as the prophet had done in his own person; or as representing the church, Lamentations 3:1; and here checks himself for it; and especially since the mercies and compassions of God never fail, and are daily renewed; and the Lord himself is the portion of his people, Lamentations 3:23; and seeing he is good to them that seek him, and it is good to wait quietly for the salvation of God, and to bear the yoke patiently, Lamentations 3:25; and because of the unwillingness of God to afflict men, and his sympathy and compassion towards them under affliction, Lamentations 3:32; and especially since all is from the sovereignty of God, who does according to his will; and from whom all good and evil come, Lamentations 3:37; he is not to be complained of, or against, for anything he does; or to be murmured at; nor should men vex and fret themselves at their own adversity, or at the prosperity of others; or bemoan themselves, as if no case was like theirs, or so bad. It does not become "a man", a reasonable creature, a man grown up, to behave in this manner; as such should quit themselves like men, and conduct as such; a "man" that God is so mindful of, and cares for, and visits every moment, and follows with his goodness continually; a "man", sinful man, that has rendered himself unworthy of the least favour; and yet such is the lovingkindness, favour, and good will of God to man, that he has provided his own Son to be his Saviour; and therefore man, of all God's creatures, has no reason to complain of him; and is a "living" man too, in a natural sense; is upheld in life by the Lord, and has the common mercies of life; is in health, or however in the land of the living; out of hell, where he deserves to be; and therefore should praise, and not complain, Isaiah 38:19; especially if he is a living man in a spiritual sense; has a principle of spiritual life implanted in him; Christ lives in him, and his life is hid with him in God, and has a right and title to eternal life:

a man for the punishment of his sins? the word "punishment" is not in the text; but, admitting the supplement, if a man is a wicked man (and so the Targum interprets it), and is punished for his sins, no injustice is done him; he has no reason to complain; and especially of his punishment in this world, which is greatly less than his sins deserve, Ezra 9:13; and if he is a good man, and is chastised for his sins, he ought not to complain "for the chastisement" of them; since it is the chastisement of a father, is in love, and for his good: but the words may be rendered literally, "a man for", or "of his sins" (l); and be considered as a distinct clause, and as an answer to the former, so Jarchi; if a man will complain, let him complain of his sins; of the corruptions of his heart; of the body of sin and death he carries about with him of his daily iniquities; let him mourn over them, and bemoan himself for them; and if he does this in an evangelic manner, he is happy; for he shall be comforted.

(k) Sept. "quiritaretur", Junius & Tremellius; "taedio se confecit", Calvin; "fremet", Strigelius; "murmurabit", Cocceius. (l) "unusquisque propter sua peccata quiritatur", Piscator; "vel contra sua peccata fremat", Strigelius. 39. living—and so having a time yet given him by God for repentance. If sin were punished as it deserves, life itself would be forfeited by the sinner. "Complaining" (murmuring) ill becomes him who enjoys such a favor as life (Pr 19:3).

for the punishment of his sins—Instead of blaming God for his sufferings, he ought to recognize in them God's righteousness and the just rewards of his own sin.

Nun.3:37-41 While there is life there is hope; and instead of complaining that things are bad, we should encourage ourselves with the hope they will be better. We are sinful men, and what we complain of, is far less than our sins deserve. We should complain to God, and not of him. We are apt, in times of calamity, to reflect on other people's ways, and blame them; but our duty is to search and try our own ways, that we may turn from evil to God. Our hearts must go with our prayers. If inward impressions do not answer to outward expressions, we mock God, and deceive ourselves.
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