Job 19:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
I am nothing but skin and bones; I have escaped only by the skin of my teeth.

New Living Translation
I have been reduced to skin and bones and have escaped death by the skin of my teeth.

English Standard Version
My bones stick to my skin and to my flesh, and I have escaped by the skin of my teeth.

New American Standard Bible
"My bone clings to my skin and my flesh, And I have escaped only by the skin of my teeth.

King James Bible
My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
My skin and my flesh cling to my bones; I have escaped by the skin of my teeth.

International Standard Version
I'm a pile of skin and bones; I have barely escaped by the skin of my teeth."

NET Bible
My bones stick to my skin and my flesh; I have escaped alive with only the skin of my teeth.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I am skin and bones, and I have escaped only by the skin of my teeth.

Jubilee Bible 2000
My bones cleave to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

King James 2000 Bible
My bone clings to my skin and to my flesh, and I have escaped by the skin of my teeth.

American King James Version
My bone sticks to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

American Standard Version
My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, And I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The flesh being consumed. My bone hath cleaved to my skin, and nothing but lips are left about my teeth.

Darby Bible Translation
My bones cleave to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

English Revised Version
My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

Webster's Bible Translation
My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I have escaped with the skin of my teeth.

World English Bible
My bones stick to my skin and to my flesh. I have escaped by the skin of my teeth.

Young's Literal Translation
To my skin and to my flesh Cleaved hath my bone, And I deliver myself with the skin of my teeth.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

19:8-22 How doleful are Job's complaints! What is the fire of hell but the wrath of God! Seared consciences will feel it hereafter, but do not fear it now: enlightened consciences fear it now, but shall not feel it hereafter. It is a very common mistake to think that those whom God afflicts he treats as his enemies. Every creature is that to us which God makes it to be; yet this does not excuse Job's relations and friends. How uncertain is the friendship of men! but if God be our Friend, he will not fail us in time of need. What little reason we have to indulge the body, which, after all our care, is consumed by diseases it has in itself. Job recommends himself to the compassion of his friends, and justly blames their harshness. It is very distressing to one who loves God, to be bereaved at once of outward comfort and of inward consolation; yet if this, and more, come upon a believer, it does not weaken the proof of his being a child of God and heir of glory.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 20. - My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh. Here the third source of Job's misery is brought forward - his painful and incurable disease. This has brought him to such a pitch of emaciation that his bones seem to adhere to the tightened skin, and the scanty and shrunken muscles, that cover them (comp. Job 33:21 and Lamentations 4:8). Such emaciation of the general frame is quite compatible with the unsightly swelling of certain parts of the body which characterizes elephantiasis. And I am escaped with the skin of my teeth. The expression is, no doubt, proverbial, and signifies "barely escaped;" but its origin is obscure.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh,.... Or, "as to my flesh" (o), as Mr. Broughton and others render the words; as his bones used to stick to his flesh, and were covered with it, now his flesh being consumed and wasted away with his disease, they stuck to his skin, and were seen through it; he was reduced to skin and bone, and was a mere skeleton, what with the force of his bodily disorder, and the grief of his mind through the treatment he met with from God and men, see Lamentations 4:8;

and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth; meaning not, as some understand it, his lips, which covered his teeth; for those cannot be properly called the skin of them; rather the fine polish of the teeth, which fortifies them against the hurt and damage they would receive by what is ate and drank; though it seems best to interpret it of the skin of the gums, in which the teeth are set; and the sense is, that Job had escaped with his life, but not with a whole skin, his skin was broken all over him, with the sores and ulcers upon him, see Job 7:5; only the skin of his teeth was preserved, and so Mr. Broughton renders it, "I am whole only in the skin of my teeth"; everywhere else his skin was broken; so the Targum,

"I am left in the skin of my teeth.''

Some have thought that Satan, when he smote Job from head to feet with ulcers, spared his mouth, lips, and teeth, the instruments of speech, that he might therewith curse God, which was the thing he aimed at, and proposed to bring him to, by getting a grant from God to afflict him in the manner he did.

(o) "cuti meae ut carni meae", Tremellius, in one edition of his version.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

20. Extreme meagerness. The bone seemed to stick in the skin, being seen through it, owing to the flesh drying up and falling away from the bone. The Margin, "as to my flesh," makes this sense clearer. The English Version, however, expresses the same: "And to my flesh," namely, which has fallen away from the bone, instead of firmly covering it.

skin of my teeth—proverbial. I have escaped with bare life; I am whole only with the skin of my teeth; that is, my gums alone are whole, the rest of the skin of my body is broken with sores (Job 7:5; Ps 102:5). Satan left Job his speech, in hope that he might therewith curse God.

Job 19:20 Additional Commentaries
Context
Job: My Redeemer Lives
19"All my associates abhor me, And those I love have turned against me. 20"My bone clings to my skin and my flesh, And I have escaped only by the skin of my teeth. 21"Pity me, pity me, O you my friends, For the hand of God has struck me.…
Cross References
Luke 10:11
Even the dust of your town we wipe from our feet as a warning to you. Yet be sure of this: The kingdom of God has come near.'

Job 2:5
But now stretch out your hand and strike his flesh and bones, and he will surely curse you to your face."

Job 16:8
You have shriveled me up--and it has become a witness; my gauntness rises up and testifies against me.

Job 33:21
Their flesh wastes away to nothing, and their bones, once hidden, now stick out.

Psalm 102:5
In my distress I groan aloud and am reduced to skin and bones.

Lamentations 4:8
But now they are blacker than soot; they are not recognized in the streets. Their skin has shriveled on their bones; it has become as dry as a stick.
Treasury of Scripture

My bone sticks to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

bone

Job 30:30 My skin is black on me, and my bones are burned with heat.

Job 33:19-22 He is chastened also with pain on his bed, and the multitude of his …

Psalm 22:14-17 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my …

Psalm 32:3,4 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long…

Psalm 38:3 There is no soundness in my flesh because of your anger; neither …

Psalm 102:3,5 For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth…

Lamentations 4:8 Their visage is blacker than a coal; they are not known in the streets: …

and to. or, as. and I

Amos 2:4-6 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, …

Amos 7:5 Then said I, O Lord GOD, cease, I beseech you: by whom shall Jacob …

Lamentations 3:4 My flesh and my skin has he made old; he has broken my bones.

Lamentations 5:10 Our skin was black like an oven because of the terrible famine.

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