Genesis 34:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Now Dinah, the daughter Leah had borne to Jacob, went out to visit the women of the land.

New Living Translation
One day Dinah, the daughter of Jacob and Leah, went to visit some of the young women who lived in the area.

English Standard Version
Now Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to see the women of the land.

New American Standard Bible
Now Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to visit the daughters of the land.

King James Bible
And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Dinah, Leah's daughter whom she bore to Jacob, went out to see some of the young women of the area.

International Standard Version
Some time later, Dinah, Leah's daughter whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to visit the women of the land.

NET Bible
Now Dinah, Leah's daughter whom she bore to Jacob, went to meet the young women of the land.

New Heart English Bible
Dinah, the daughter of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Dinah, daughter of Leah and Jacob, went out to visit some of the Canaanite women.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.

New American Standard 1977
Now Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to visit the daughters of the land.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Dinah, the daughter of Leah, which she gave birth unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.

King James 2000 Bible
And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bore unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.

American King James Version
And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bore to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.

American Standard Version
And Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Dina the daughter of Lia went out to see the women of that country.

Darby Bible Translation
And Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.

English Revised Version
And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bore to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.

World English Bible
Dinah, the daughter of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.

Young's Literal Translation
And Dinah, daughter of Leah, whom she hath borne to Jacob, goeth out to look on the daughters of the land,
XXXIV.

(1) Dinah . . . went out to see the daughters of the land.--Those commentators who imagine that Jacob sojourned only twenty years at Haran are obliged to suppose that he remained two or more years at Succoth, and some eight years at Shechem, before this event happened, leaving only one more year for the interval between Dinah's dishonour and the sale of Joseph to the Ishmaelites. But even so, if Dinah was now not more than fourteen, there would be left a period of only nine years, in which Leah has to bear six sons and a daughter, with a long interval of barrenness, during which Zilpah was given to Jacob and bears two sons. But besides this impossibility, Jacob evidently remained at Succoth only until he was shalem, sound and whole from his sprain, and Dinah's visit was one of curiosity, for she went "to see the daughters of the land," that is, she wanted, as Abravanel says, to see what the native women were like, and how they dressed themselves. Josephus says that she took the opportunity of a festival at Shechem; but as neither her father nor brothers knew of her going, but were with their cattle as usual, it is probable that with one or two women only she slipped away from her father's camp and paid the penalty of her girlish curiosity. But she would feel no such curiosity after being a year or two at Shechem, so that it is probable that her dishonour took place within a few weeks after Jacob's arrival there. So, too, Hamor's words in Genesis 34:21-22 plainly show that Jacob was a new comer; for he proposes that the people should "let them dwell in the land," and therefore consent to the condition required by them that the Hivites should be circumcised. It would have been absurd thus to speak if Jacob had already dwelt there eight years with no apparent intention of going away.

Verse 1. - And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, - if Dinah was born before Joseph (Genesis 30:21) she was probably in her seventh year when Jacob reached Succoth (Genesis 33:17); but it does not follow that she was only six or seven years of age when the incident about to be described occurred (Tuch, Bohlen). If Jacob stayed two years at Succoth and eight in Shechem (Petavius), and if, as is probable, his residence in Shechem terminated with his daughter's dishonor (Lange), and if, moreover, Joseph s sale into Egypt happened soon after (Hengstenberg), Dinah may at this time have been in her sixteenth or seventeenth year (Kurtz). Yet there is no reason why she should not have been younger, say between thirteen and fifteen (Keil, Lange, Kalisch, Murphy, et alii), since in the East females attain to puberty at the age of twelve, and sometimes earlier (Delitzsch) - went out - it is not implied that this was the first occasion on which Dinah left her mother's tent to mingle with the city maidens in Shechem: the expression is equivalent to "once upon a time she went out" (Hengstenberg) - to see the daughters of the land - who were gathered at a festive entertainment (Josephus, 'Ant.,' 1:21, 1), a not improbable supposition (Kurtz), though the language rather indicates the paying of a friendly visit (Lange), or the habitual practice of associating with the Shechemite women (Bush), in their social entertainments, if not in their religious festivals. And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob,....

Who is supposed to be at this time about fourteen or fifteen years of age: for that she was but about nine or ten years old is not to be credited, as some compute it (z): she is observed to be the daughter of Leah, partly that the following miscarriage might bring to mind her forwardness to intrude herself into Jacob's bed, and be a rebuke unto her; and partly to account for Simeon and Levi being so active in revenging her abuse, they being Leah's sons: of Dinah it is said, that she

went out to see the daughters of the land; of the land of Canaan, to visit them, and contract an acquaintance with them; and she having no sisters to converse with at home, it might be a temptation to her to go abroad. According to the Targum of Jonathan, she went to see the manners, customs, and fashions of the women of that country, to learn them, as the Septuagint version renders the word; or to see their habit and dress, and how they ornamented themselves, as Josephus (a) observes; and who also says it was a festival day at Shechem, and therefore very probably many of the young women of the country round about might come thither on that occasion; and who being dressed in their best clothes would give Dinah a good opportunity of seeing and observing their fashions; and which, with the diversions of the season, and shows to be seen, allured Dinah to go out of her mother's tent into the city, to gratify her curiosity. Aben Ezra's note is, that she went of herself, that is, without the leave of either of her parents: according to other Jewish writers (b) there was a snare laid for her by Shechem, who observing that Jacob's daughter dwelt in tents, and did not go abroad, he brought damsels out of the city dancing and playing on timbrels; and Dinah went forth to see them playing, and he took her, and lay with her, as follows.

(z) R. Ganz. Tzemach David, par. l. fol. 6. 2.((a) Antiqu. l. 1. c. 21. sect. 1.((b) Pirke Eliezer, c. 38. fol. 42. 2.CHAPTER 34

Ge 34:1-31. The Dishonor of Dinah.

1-4. Though freed from foreign troubles, Jacob met with a great domestic calamity in the fall of his only daughter. According to Josephus, she had been attending a festival; but it is highly probable that she had been often and freely mixing in the society of the place and that she, being a simple, inexperienced, and vain young woman, had been flattered by the attentions of the ruler's son. There must have been time and opportunities of acquaintance to produce the strong attachment that Shechem had for her.34:1-19 Young persons, especially females, are never so safe and well off as under the care of pious parents. Their own ignorance, and the flattery and artifices of designing, wicked people, who are ever laying snares for them, expose them to great danger. They are their own enemies if they desire to go abroad, especially alone, among strangers to true religion. Those parents are very wrong who do not hinder their children from needlessly exposing themselves to danger. Indulged children, like Dinah, often become a grief and shame to their families. Her pretence was, to see the daughters of the land, to see how they dressed, and how they danced, and what was fashionable among them; she went to see, yet that was not all, she went to be seen too. She went to get acquaintance with the Canaanites, and to learn their ways. See what came of Dinah's gadding. The beginning of sin is as the letting forth of water. How great a matter does a little fire kindle! We should carefully avoid all occasions of sin and approaches to it.
Jump to Previous
Bare Bore Borne Country Daughter Daughters Dinah Jacob Leah Visit Women
Jump to Next
Bare Bore Borne Country Daughter Daughters Dinah Jacob Leah Visit Women
Links
Genesis 34:1 NIV
Genesis 34:1 NLT
Genesis 34:1 ESV
Genesis 34:1 NASB
Genesis 34:1 KJV

Genesis 34:1 Biblia Paralela
Genesis 34:1 Chinese Bible
Genesis 34:1 French Bible
Genesis 34:1 German Bible

Alphabetical: borne daughter daughters Dinah had Jacob land Leah Now of out she the to visit went whom women

OT Law: Genesis 34:1 Dinah the daughter of Leah whom she (Gen. Ge Gn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Genesis 33:20
Top of Page
Top of Page