|New International Version (©2011)|
And double-pronged hooks, each a handbreadth long, were attached to the wall all around. The tables were for the flesh of the offerings.
New Living Translation (©2007)
There were hooks, each 3 inches long, fastened to the foyer walls. The sacrificial meat was laid on the tables.
English Standard Version (©2001)
And hooks, a handbreadth long, were fastened all around within. And on the tables the flesh of the offering was to be laid.
New American Standard Bible (©1995)
The double hooks, one handbreadth in length, were installed in the house all around; and on the tables was the flesh of the offering.
King James Bible (Cambridge Ed.)
And within were hooks, an hand broad, fastened round about: and upon the tables was the flesh of the offering.
Holman Christian Standard Bible (©2009)
There were three-inch hooks fastened all around the inside of the room, and the flesh of the offering was to be laid on the tables.
International Standard Version (©2012)
Double hooks, a single handbreadth in length, were installed all around in this portion of the temple area.
NET Bible (©2006)
There were hooks three inches long, fastened in the house all around, and on the tables was the flesh of the offering.
GOD'S WORD® Translation (©1995)
Double-pronged hooks, three inches long, were attached to the wall all around the room, and the tables were for the meat of the animals.
King James 2000 Bible (©2003)
And inside were hooks, a hand wide, fastened round about: and upon the tables was the flesh of the offering.
American King James Version
And within were hooks, an hand broad, fastened round about: and on the tables was the flesh of the offering.
American Standard Version
And the hooks, a handbreadth long, were fastened within round about: and upon the tables was the flesh of the oblation.
And the borders of them were of one handbreadth, turned inwards round about: and upon the tables was the flesh of the offering.
Darby Bible Translation
And the double hooks of a hand breadth were fastened round about within; and upon the tables they put the flesh of the offering.
English Revised Version
And the hooks, an handbreadth long, were fastened within round about: and upon the tables was the flesh of the oblation.
Webster's Bible Translation
And within were hooks, a hand broad, fastened around: and upon the tables was the flesh of the offering.
World English Bible
The hooks, a handbreadth long, were fastened within all around: and on the tables was the flesh of the offering.
Young's Literal Translation
And the boundaries are one handbreadth, prepared within all round about: and on the tables is the flesh of the offering.
|Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary|
40:1-49 The Vision of the Temple. - Here is a vision, beginning at ch. 40, and continued to the end of the book, ch. 48, which is justly looked upon to be one of the most difficult portions in all the book of God. When we despair to be satisfied as to any difficulty we meet with, let us bless God that our salvation does not depend upon it, but that things necessary are plain enough; and let us wait till God shall reveal even this unto us. This chapter describes two outward courts of the temple. Whether the personage here mentioned was the Son of God, or a created angel, is not clear. But Christ is both our Altar and our Sacrifice, to whom we must look with faith in all approaches to God; and he is Salvation in the midst of the earth, Ps 74:12, to be looked unto from all quarters.
Verse 43. - The hooks. The word שְׁפַתַּיִם occurs again only in Psalm 68:13, where it signifies "sheepfolds," or "stalls;" its older form (מִשְׁפְתַיִם) appearing in Genesis 49:14 and Judges 5:16. As this sense is unsuitable, recourse must be had to its derivation (from שָׁפַת, "to put, set, or fix"), which suggests as its import here either, as Ewald, Kliefoth, Hengstenberg, Havernick, and Smend, following the LXX. and Vulgate, prefer, "ledges," or "border guards," on the edge of the tables, to keep the instruments or flesh from falling off; or, as Kimchi, Gesenius, Furst, Keil, Schroder, and Plumptre, after the Chaldean paraphrast, explain, "pegs" fastened in the wall for hanging the slaughtered caresses before they were flayed. In favor of the first meaning stand the facts that the second clause of this verse speaks of" tables," not of "walls," and that the measure of the shephataim is one of breadth rather than of length; against it are the considerations that the dual form, shephataim, fits better to a forked peg than to a double border, and that the shephataim are stated to have been fastened "in the house" (ba-baith), which again suits the idea of a peg fastened in the outer wall of the porch, rather than of a border fixed upon a table. The last clause of this verse is rendered by Ewald, after the LXX., "and over the tables" (obviously those standing outside of the porch) "were covers to protect them from rain and from drought;" and it is conceivable that coverings might have been advantageous for both the wooden tables and the officiating priests; only the Hebrew must be changed before it can yield this rendering.
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible
And within were hooks, a hand broad, fastened round about,.... These, very probably, were fastened on the posts of the gate, near which were the washing room for the sacrifices, Ezekiel 40:38, on which they were hung, when they were flayed, or the skin took off: in the slaughter house in the second temple, to the north of the altar, there were eight low stone pillars, upon which were boards of cedar foursquare, and iron hooks were fixed in them; and there were three rows of them in each, on which they hung the sacrifices (s), which were one above another; on the lowest they hung a lamb, on the middlemost a ram, and on the highest a bullock; these hooks stood out a hand's breadth from the pillars (t): such like iron hooks were fixed on the walls and pillars in the court, where they slew the passover lamb, on which they hung it, and skinned it (u): this may denote either, as Cocceius suggests, the exaltation of Christ, who suffered and was raised for our justification; or rather the lifting of him up, and holding him forth to view, as a suffering Saviour, in the ministry of the word, and in the ordinance of the supper.
And upon the tables was the flesh of the offering: here another word is used, and may design that part of the flesh of the sin offering that was eaten by the priest, Leviticus 6:25 so that these tables were feasting tables also; as the table of the Lord, or the ordinance of the Lord's supper, is a feast of fat things, a feast of love; a table where the flesh of Christ is laid, which is meat indeed, and only to be fed upon by those that are made kings and priests unto God. Now these tables being many show that there will be a large number of Gospel churches everywhere; and wherever they are there will be tables: the ordinance of the Lord's supper will be celebrated in the four parts of the world; at present it is chiefly in the northern part, and where these tables were seen in this vision.
(s) Misn. Tamid, c. 3. sect. 5. & Middot, c. 3. sect. 5. (t) Lipman. Tzurath Beth Hamikdash, sect. 34. (u) Misn. Pesachim, c. 5. sect. 9.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
43. hooks—cooking apparatus for cooking the flesh of the sacrifices that fell to the priests. The hooks were "fastened" in the walls within the apartment, to hang the meat from, so as to roast it. The Hebrew comes from a root "fixed" or "placed."
Ezekiel 40:43 Parallel Commentaries
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