Exodus 34:22
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Celebrate the Festival of Weeks with the firstfruits of the wheat harvest, and the Festival of Ingathering at the turn of the year.

New Living Translation
"You must celebrate the Festival of Harvest with the first crop of the wheat harvest, and celebrate the Festival of the Final Harvest at the end of the harvest season.

English Standard Version
You shall observe the Feast of Weeks, the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the year’s end.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks, that is, the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the turn of the year.

King James Bible
And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Observe the Festival of Weeks with the firstfruits of the wheat harvest, and the Festival of Ingathering at the turn of the agricultural year.

International Standard Version
"You are to observe the Festival of Weeks, the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Festival of Ingathering at the turn of the year.

NET Bible
"You must observe the Feast of Weeks--the firstfruits of the harvest of wheat--and the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year.

New Heart English Bible
You shall observe the feast of weeks with the first fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of harvest at the year's end.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"You must celebrate the Festival of Weeks with the first grain from your wheat harvest, and the Festival of the Final Harvest at the end of the season.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, even of the first-fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the turn of the year.

New American Standard 1977
“And you shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks, that is, the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the turn of the year.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of the reaping of the wheat, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall observe the feast of weeks, of the first fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.

American King James Version
And you shall observe the feast of weeks, of the first fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, even of the first-fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt keep the feast of weeks with the firstfruits of the corn of thy wheat harvest, and the feast when the time of the year returneth that all things are laid in.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the first-fruits of wheat-harvest, And the feast of ingathering at the turn of the year.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, even of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the first-fruits of wheat-harvest, and the feast of in-gathering at the year's end.

World English Bible
"You shall observe the feast of weeks with the first fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of harvest at the year's end.

Young's Literal Translation
'And a feast of weeks thou dost observe for thyself; first-fruits of wheat-harvest; and the feast of in-gathering, at the revolution of the year.
Study Bible
The Lord Renews the Covenant
21"You shall work six days, but on the seventh day you shall rest; even during plowing time and harvest you shall rest. 22"You shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks, that is, the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the turn of the year. 23"Three times a year all your males are to appear before the Lord GOD, the God of Israel.…
Cross References
Exodus 23:14
"Three times a year you shall celebrate a feast to Me.

Exodus 23:16
"Also you shall observe the Feast of the Harvest of the first fruits of your labors from what you sow in the field; also the Feast of the Ingathering at the end of the year when you gather in the fruit of your labors from the field.

Leviticus 2:12
'As an offering of first fruits you shall bring them to the LORD, but they shall not ascend for a soothing aroma on the altar.

Numbers 28:26
Also on the day of the first fruits, when you present a new grain offering to the LORD in your Feast of Weeks, you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work.

Numbers 29:1
'Now in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall also have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work. It will be to you a day for blowing trumpets.

Deuteronomy 16:9
"You shall count seven weeks for yourself; you shall begin to count seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the standing grain.

2 Chronicles 8:13
and did so according to the daily rule, offering them up according to the commandment of Moses, for the sabbaths, the new moons and the three annual feasts-- the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Booths.
Treasury of Scripture

And you shall observe the feast of weeks, of the first fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.

feast of weeks

Exodus 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the first fruits of your labors, which …

Numbers 28:16-31 And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD…

Numbers 29:12-39 And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have an holy …

Deuteronomy 16:10-15 And you shall keep the feast of weeks to the LORD your God with a …

John 7:2 Now the Jew's feast of tabernacles was at hand.

Acts 2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with …

year's end. Heb. revolution of the year

(22) The feast of weeks.--Called in Exodus 23:16, "the feast of harvest," and in the New Testament "the day of Pentecost"--seven weeks after the first day of unleavened bread. (See Note 1 on Exodus 23:16.) The special offering to be made at the feast consisted of "two wave loaves of fine flour, baken with leaven" (Leviticus 23:17), which were "the first-fruits of the wheat harvest."

And the feast of ingathering.--Called also "the feast of tabernacles" (Leviticus 23:34; Deuteronomy 16:13; Deuteronomy 16:16; Deuteronomy 31:10, &c.), on account of the command to "dwell in booths seven days" during its continuance (Leviticus 23:42). On the character of the festival see Note 2 on Exodus 23:16.

Verse 22. - Of the first-fruits. There is here an unfortunate ambiguity. The English reader naturally supposes that three festivals are mentioned -

1. That of weeks;

2. That of the first-fruits of wheat harvest; and

3. That of in-gathering.

But in reality the feast of weeks is that of the first-fruits of wheat harvest. See Leviticus 23:17; Numbers 28:26. The observance of this feast, as well as that of the feast of in-gathering, was commanded in the "Book of the Covenant" (Exodus 23:16). And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks,.... The feast of Pentecost, called the feast of weeks, because seven sabbaths or weeks, or fifty days, were to be reckoned from the day in the passover feast, on which the sheaf of the wave offering was brought, Leviticus 23:15 and which was also called the feast

of the first fruits of wheat harvest, to distinguish it from the barley harvest, at the time of the passover, when a sheaf of barley was the wave offering to the Lord; but at this two loaves or cakes of fine wheaten flour were brought as the first fruits of the wheat harvest, see Leviticus 23:17.

and the feast of ingathering at the year's end; which was the feast of tabernacles, called the feast of ingathering, because at this time all the fruits of the earth, the corn, wine, and oil, and all others were gathered in; and this was at the close of the old year, and at the beginning of the new, according to the ancient account, which made Tisri or September the first month in the year; See Gill on Exodus 23:16. 34:18-27 Once a week they must rest, even in ploughing time, and in harvest. All worldly business must give way to that holy rest; even harvest work will prosper the better, for the religious observance of the sabbath day in harvest time. We must show that we prefer our communion with God, and our duty to him, before the business or the joy of harvest. Thrice a year they must appear before the Lord God, the God of Israel. Canaan was a desirable land, and the neighbouring nations were greedy; yet God says, They shall not desire it. Let us check all sinful desires against God and his glory, in our hearts, and then trust him to check all sinful desires in the hearts of others against us. The way of duty is the way of safety. Those who venture for him never lose by him. Three feasts are here mentioned: 1. The Passover, in remembrance of the deliverance out of Egypt. 2. The feast of weeks, or the feast of Pentecost; added to it is the law of the first-fruits. 3. The feast of in-gathering, or the feast of Tabernacles. Moses is to write these words, that the people might know them better. We can never be enough thankful to God for the written word. God would make a covenant with Israel, in Moses as a mediator. Thus the covenant of grace is made with believers through Christ.
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