Exodus 34:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Six days you shall labor, but on the seventh day you shall rest; even during the plowing season and harvest you must rest.

New Living Translation
"You have six days each week for your ordinary work, but on the seventh day you must stop working, even during the seasons of plowing and harvest.

English Standard Version
“Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest. In plowing time and in harvest you shall rest.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall work six days, but on the seventh day you shall rest; even during plowing time and harvest you shall rest.

King James Bible
Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You are to labor six days but you must rest on the seventh day; you must even rest during plowing and harvesting times."

International Standard Version
"For six days you are to work, but on the seventh day you are to rest; even during plowing time and harvest you are to rest.

NET Bible
"On six days you may labor, but on the seventh day you must rest; even at the time of plowing and of harvest you are to rest.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"You may work six days, but on the seventh day you must not work. Even during the time of plowing or harvesting you must not work [on this day].

Jubilee Bible 2000
Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt cease; in ploughing time and in harvest thou shalt cease.

King James 2000 Bible
Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest: in plowing time and in harvest you shall rest.

American King James Version
Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest: in ripening time and in harvest you shall rest.

American Standard Version
Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in plowing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Six days shalt thou work, the seventh day thou shalt cease to plough, and to reap.

Darby Bible Translation
-- Six days shalt thou work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest; in ploughing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.

English Revised Version
Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in plowing time and in harvest thou shalt rest.

Webster's Bible Translation
Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in time of plowing and in harvest thou shalt rest.

World English Bible
"Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest: in plowing time and in harvest you shall rest.

Young's Literal Translation
'Six days thou dost work, and on the seventh day thou dost rest; in ploughing-time and in harvest thou dost rest.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

34:18-27 Once a week they must rest, even in ploughing time, and in harvest. All worldly business must give way to that holy rest; even harvest work will prosper the better, for the religious observance of the sabbath day in harvest time. We must show that we prefer our communion with God, and our duty to him, before the business or the joy of harvest. Thrice a year they must appear before the Lord God, the God of Israel. Canaan was a desirable land, and the neighbouring nations were greedy; yet God says, They shall not desire it. Let us check all sinful desires against God and his glory, in our hearts, and then trust him to check all sinful desires in the hearts of others against us. The way of duty is the way of safety. Those who venture for him never lose by him. Three feasts are here mentioned: 1. The Passover, in remembrance of the deliverance out of Egypt. 2. The feast of weeks, or the feast of Pentecost; added to it is the law of the first-fruits. 3. The feast of in-gathering, or the feast of Tabernacles. Moses is to write these words, that the people might know them better. We can never be enough thankful to God for the written word. God would make a covenant with Israel, in Moses as a mediator. Thus the covenant of grace is made with believers through Christ.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 21. - Six days, etc. This is repeated from the "Book of the Covenant" (Exodus 23:12), but with a remarkable addition - in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest. "Earing time" is "ploughing time" - to "ear" being to "plough" in Old English, a word cognate with the Greek ἄρω and the Latin are; and the command to rest both then and at harvest time is a command not to break the Sabbath rest at the seasons when it might seem most necessary so to do The temptation to "save the harvest" is readily intelligible to Englishmen. To appreciate the other temptation, we require to know the peculiar circumstances of the East. It is necessary there to complete the ploughing before the spring rains are over. These last but a short time; and when they are once past no rain can be looked for till the autumn.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Six days shalt thou work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest,.... This is the law of the seventh day sabbath, which is after repeated, to fix it in the minds and memories of the people, see Exodus 20:10 and here it is added, which has not been mentioned before:

in earing and in harvest thou shall rest; that is, in the time of ploughing, and in the time of reaping and gathering in the harvest, which are both very busy seasons; the rest of the sabbath was not to be violated; such sort of works, though they might require haste and expedition, yet the sabbath was not to be broken on account of them: this is the common sense of the law, as it is understood; but Maimonides (o) gives another sense from their doctors, who say, it is forbidden to plough in the sixth year what cannot be reaped but in the seventh; and so likewise that it is forbidden to reap on the seventh year, that of which profit may be had on the eighth year, and this is founded on what the Scripture says, Exodus 34:21 "in earing", &c. and they say, that here ploughing and harvest are not to be understood of the seventh day, because this is included in the general rule, "thou shalt not do any work"--they say, of that which is ploughed, whose reaping or harvest is forbidden, is the ploughing at the evening of the seventh year, and at the going out of the seventh; and know this, that the evening of the seventh is the sixth year, and the going out of the seventh is the eighth year, and so Jarchi on the text observes, that some of their Rabbins say, this is to be understood of the ploughing of the seventh year, the seventh year entering, and the harvest of the seventh year, at the going out of it; so that as there is a seventh day of rest, there is a year in which ploughing and harvest are forbidden; but there are others, he says, who say the text speaks only of the sabbath.

(o) In Misn. Sheviith, c. 14. sect. 1.



Exodus 34:21 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Lord Renews the Covenant
20"You shall redeem with a lamb the first offspring from a donkey; and if you do not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. You shall redeem all the firstborn of your sons. None shall appear before Me empty-handed. 21"You shall work six days, but on the seventh day you shall rest; even during plowing time and harvest you shall rest. 22"You shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks, that is, the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the turn of the year.…
Cross References
Exodus 20:9
Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

Exodus 23:12
"Six days do your work, but on the seventh day do not work, so that your ox and your donkey may rest, and so that the slave born in your household and the foreigner living among you may be refreshed.

Exodus 31:15
For six days work is to be done, but the seventh day is a day of sabbath rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day is to be put to death.

Exodus 35:2
For six days, work is to be done, but the seventh day shall be your holy day, a day of sabbath rest to the LORD. Whoever does any work on it is to be put to death.

Leviticus 23:3
"'There are six days when you may work, but the seventh day is a day of sabbath rest, a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a sabbath to the LORD.

Deuteronomy 5:13
Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

Nehemiah 13:15
In those days I saw people in Judah treading winepresses on the Sabbath and bringing in grain and loading it on donkeys, together with wine, grapes, figs and all other kinds of loads. And they were bringing all this into Jerusalem on the Sabbath. Therefore I warned them against selling food on that day.
Treasury of Scripture

Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest: in ripening time and in harvest you shall rest.

six

Exodus 20:9-11 Six days shall you labor, and do all your work…

Exodus 23:12 Six days you shall do your work, and on the seventh day you shall …

Exodus 35:2 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be …

Deuteronomy 5:12-15 Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD your God has commanded you…

Luke 13:14 And the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because …

Luke 23:56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested …

earing

Genesis 45:6 For these two years has the famine been in the land: and yet there …

Deuteronomy 21:4 And the elders of that city shall bring down the heifer to a rough …

1 Samuel 8:12 And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over …

Isaiah 30:24 The oxen likewise and the young donkeys that ear the ground shall …

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