Exodus 27:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
In the tent of meeting, outside the curtain that shields the ark of the covenant law, Aaron and his sons are to keep the lamps burning before the LORD from evening till morning. This is to be a lasting ordinance among the Israelites for the generations to come.

New Living Translation
The lampstand will stand in the Tabernacle, in front of the inner curtain that shields the Ark of the Covenant. Aaron and his sons must keep the lamps burning in the LORD's presence all night. This is a permanent law for the people of Israel, and it must be observed from generation to generation.

English Standard Version
In the tent of meeting, outside the veil that is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall tend it from evening to morning before the LORD. It shall be a statute forever to be observed throughout their generations by the people of Israel.

New American Standard Bible
"In the tent of meeting, outside the veil which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall keep it in order from evening to morning before the LORD; it shall be a perpetual statute throughout their generations for the sons of Israel.

King James Bible
In the tabernacle of the congregation without the vail, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the tent of meeting outside the veil that is in front of the testimony, Aaron and his sons are to tend the lamp from evening until morning before the LORD. This is to be a permanent statute for the Israelites throughout their generations."

International Standard Version
In the Tent of Meeting, outside the curtain that is before the Testimony, Aaron and his sons are to maintain the lamp stand from evening until morning in the LORD's presence. It is to be a perpetual ordinance from generation to generation among the Israelis."

NET Bible
In the tent of meeting outside the curtain that is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons are to arrange it from evening to morning before the LORD. This is to be a lasting ordinance among the Israelites for generations to come.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the tent of meeting outside the canopy where the words of my promise are, Aaron and his descendants must keep the lamps lit in the LORD's presence from evening until morning. This is a permanent law among the Israelites for generations to come."

Jubilee Bible 2000
In the tabernacle of the testimony outside the veil, which shall be before the ark of the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order them from evening to morning before the LORD; it shall be a perpetual statute of the sons of Israel for their generations.

King James 2000 Bible
In the tabernacle of meeting outside the veil, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall tend it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute forever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.

American King James Version
In the tabernacle of the congregation without the veil, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever to their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.

American Standard Version
In the tent of meeting, without the veil which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall keep it in order from evening to morning before Jehovah: it shall be a statue for ever throughout their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In the tabernacle of the testimony without the veil that hangs before the testimony. And Aaron and his sons shall order it, that it may give light before the Lord until the morning. It shall be a perpetual observance throughout their successions among the children of Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
In the tent of meeting outside the veil, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall dress them from evening to morning before Jehovah: [it is] an everlasting statute, for their generations, on the part of the children of Israel.

English Revised Version
In the tent of meeting, without the veil which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever throughout their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
In the tabernacle of the congregation without the vail, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: It shall be a statute for ever to their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.

World English Bible
In the Tent of Meeting, outside the veil which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall keep it in order from evening to morning before Yahweh: it shall be a statute forever throughout their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
in the tent of meeting, at the outside of the vail, which is over the testimony, doth Aaron -- his sons also -- arrange it from evening till morning before Jehovah -- a statute age-during to their generations, from the sons of Israel.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

27:20,21 The pure oil signified the gifts and graces of the Spirit, which all believers receive from Christ, the good Olive, and without which our light cannot shine before men. The priests were to light the lamps, and tend them. It is the work of ministers, by preaching and expounding the Scriptures, which are as a lamp, to enlighten the church, God's tabernacle upon earth. Blessed be God, this light is not now confined to the Jewish tabernacle, but is a light to lighten the gentiles, and for salvation unto the ends of the earth.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 21. The tabernacle of the congregation. Rather, "the tent of meeting" - the tent where God would meet the earthly ruler of the people (Exodus 25:22), and give him commands and directions - not the place of meeting for the people themselves, who might in no case go beyond the entrance to the structure. The testimony - i,e., the ark which contained the "testimony," or two tables of stone written with the finger of God. Aaron and his sons. Compare Exodus 24:1. The intention to confer the priesthood on the descendants of Aaron, first openly revealed in the next chapter (vers. 1-43), is tacitly assumed from time to time in the earlier narrative. Shall order it from evening to morning. See the comment on ver. 20. It is difficult to assign these words any distinct meaning unless we accept the view, that the lamp burnt during the night only. It shall be a statute for ever. This expression is not at all common. In Exodus it occurs only here and in four other places. In Leviticus it is met with some six or seven times. The portions of the law thus characterised must be regarded as of special importance. (See the homiletics on this verse.)





Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

In the tabernacle of the congregation,.... The reasons usually given for this name of the tabernacle are, either because the children of Israel gathered and met together here at certain times, or because here the Lord met with Moses, and his successors, as he had promised, Exodus 25:22, but neither of them will hold good; not the first, because the place where the candlestick was, and which Aaron and his sons are here said to order, was in the holy place, into which only the priests entered, and therefore could not be called the tabernacle of the congregation, from the people of Israel being gathered and assembling there; not the latter, because it was in the most holy place, where the Lord promised to meet with Moses, and commune with him, even from between the cherubim over the mercy seat there: indeed, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation the children of Israel assembled, and there the Lord met them, and so the whole might be called from thence, and there seems to be no other reason for it, Exodus 29:42 and this place was

without the vail, which is before the testimony; that is, without the vail which divided between the holy and the most holy place, and which vail was before the ark, where the law or the testimony was put; for the candlestick was in that part of the tabernacle which was without the vail, or in the holy place: and here

Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the Lord; that is, they were to take care that the lamps which went out might be lighted; and that they be kept clear and burning, they were to trim and snuff them, for which they had proper instruments provided for them, Exodus 25:37. This points at the word of God, which shines as a light in a dark place, and is a lamp to the feet, and a light to the path, and to the constant application of Gospel ministers in preaching it, in order to enlighten men in all ages unto the end of the world:

it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations, on the behalf of the children of Israel; on whom it was incumbent to provide oil for the lamps, as long as the tabernacle and temple service lasted; and figured out either the maintenance of Gospel ministers by the churches, or the grace and gifts of the Spirit, with which they are furnished by the head of the church, often signified by oil in Scripture.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

21. shall order it from evening to morning—The tabernacle having no windows, the lamps required to be lighted during the day. Josephus says that in his time only three were lighted; but his were degenerate times, and there is no Scripture authority for this limitation. But although the priests were obliged from necessity to light them by day, they might have let them go out at night had it not been for this express ordinance.

Exodus 27:21 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Oil for the Lamps
20"You shall charge the sons of Israel, that they bring you clear oil of beaten olives for the light, to make a lamp burn continually. 21"In the tent of meeting, outside the veil which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall keep it in order from evening to morning before the LORD; it shall be a perpetual statute throughout their generations for the sons of Israel.
Cross References
Exodus 16:34
As the LORD commanded Moses, Aaron put the manna with the tablets of the covenant law, so that it might be preserved.

Exodus 25:22
There, above the cover between the two cherubim that are over the ark of the covenant law, I will meet with you and give you all my commands for the Israelites.

Exodus 26:31
"Make a curtain of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen, with cherubim woven into it by a skilled worker.

Exodus 26:33
Hang the curtain from the clasps and place the ark of the covenant law behind the curtain. The curtain will separate the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place.

Exodus 28:43
Aaron and his sons must wear them whenever they enter the tent of meeting or approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place, so that they will not incur guilt and die. "This is to be a lasting ordinance for Aaron and his descendants.

Exodus 29:9
and fasten caps on them. Then tie sashes on Aaron and his sons. The priesthood is theirs by a lasting ordinance. "Then you shall ordain Aaron and his sons.

Exodus 29:42
"For the generations to come this burnt offering is to be made regularly at the entrance to the tent of meeting, before the LORD. There I will meet you and speak to you;

Exodus 30:8
He must burn incense again when he lights the lamps at twilight so incense will burn regularly before the LORD for the generations to come.

Exodus 30:36
Grind some of it to powder and place it in front of the ark of the covenant law in the tent of meeting, where I will meet with you. It shall be most holy to you.

Leviticus 3:17
"'This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live: You must not eat any fat or any blood.'"

Leviticus 16:34
"This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: Atonement is to be made once a year for all the sins of the Israelites." And it was done, as the LORD commanded Moses.

Leviticus 24:2
"Command the Israelites to bring you clear oil of pressed olives for the light so that the lamps may be kept burning continually.

Numbers 18:5
"You are to be responsible for the care of the sanctuary and the altar, so that my wrath will not fall on the Israelites again.

Numbers 18:23
It is the Levites who are to do the work at the tent of meeting and bear the responsibility for any offenses they commit against it. This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. They will receive no inheritance among the Israelites.

Numbers 19:21
This is a lasting ordinance for them. "The man who sprinkles the water of cleansing must also wash his clothes, and anyone who touches the water of cleansing will be unclean till evening.

1 Samuel 3:3
The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the house of the LORD, where the ark of God was.

1 Samuel 30:25
David made this a statute and ordinance for Israel from that day to this.

2 Chronicles 13:11
Every morning and evening they present burnt offerings and fragrant incense to the LORD. They set out the bread on the ceremonially clean table and light the lamps on the gold lampstand every evening. We are observing the requirements of the LORD our God. But you have forsaken him.
Treasury of Scripture

In the tabernacle of the congregation without the veil, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever to their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.

the tabernacle of the congregation

Exodus 29:10,44 And you shall cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle …

Leviticus 3:8 And he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and kill it …

Numbers 8:9 And you shall bring the Levites before the tabernacle of the congregation…

without the vail

Exodus 26:31-33 And you shall make a veil of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine …

Exodus 40:3 And you shall put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the …

testimony

Exodus 16:34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, …

Exodus 25:16,21 And you shall put into the ark the testimony which I shall give you…

Aaron

Exodus 30:8 And when Aaron lights the lamps at even, he shall burn incense on …

1 Samuel 3:3 And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where …

2 Chronicles 13:11 And they burn to the LORD every morning and every evening burnt sacrifices …

Malachi 2:7 For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek …

Matthew 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which …

Luke 12:35 Let your loins be girded about, and your lights burning;

John 5:35 He was a burning and a shining light: and you were willing for a …

2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has shined …

2 Peter 1:19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto you do well …

Revelation 2:1 To the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things said he …

evening

Genesis 1:5,8 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And …

Leviticus 24:3 Without the veil of the testimony, in the tabernacle of the congregation…

Psalm 134:1 Behold, bless you the LORD, all you servants of the LORD, which by …

a statute for ever

Exodus 28:43 And they shall be on Aaron, and on his sons, when they come in to …

Exodus 29:9,28 And you shall gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put …

Leviticus 3:17 It shall be a perpetual statute for your generations throughout all …

Leviticus 16:34 And this shall be an everlasting statute to you, to make an atonement …

Leviticus 24:9 And it shall be Aaron's and his sons'; and they shall eat it in the …

Numbers 18:23 But the Levites shall do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, …

Numbers 29:9,28 And their meat offering shall be of flour mingled with oil, three …

Leviticus 3:17 It shall be a perpetual statute for your generations throughout all …

Leviticus 16:34 And this shall be an everlasting statute to you, to make an atonement …

Leviticus 24:9 And it shall be Aaron's and his sons'; and they shall eat it in the …

Numbers 18:23 But the Levites shall do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, …

Numbers 19:21 And it shall be a perpetual statute to them, that he that sprinkles …

1 Samuel 30:25 And it was so from that day forward, that he made it a statute and …

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