1 Samuel 3:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the house of the LORD, where the ark of God was.

New Living Translation
The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was sleeping in the Tabernacle near the Ark of God.

English Standard Version
The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was.

New American Standard Bible
and the lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD where the ark of God was,

King James Bible
And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Before the lamp of God had gone out, Samuel was lying down in the tabernacle of the LORD, where the ark of God was located.

International Standard Version
The lamp of God had not yet been extinguished, and Samuel was lying down in the tent of the LORD where the Ark of God was.

NET Bible
and the lamp of God had not yet been extinguished. Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD as well; the ark of God was also there.

New Heart English Bible
and the lamp of God hadn't yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the LORD's temple, where the ark of God was;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The lamp in God's temple hadn't gone out yet, and Samuel was asleep in the temple of the LORD where the ark of God was kept.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and the lamp of God was not yet gone out, and Samuel was laid down to sleep in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was,

New American Standard 1977
and the lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD where the ark of God was,

Jubilee Bible 2000
and before the lamp of God was put out, Samuel was sleeping in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was;

King James 2000 Bible
And before the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was lying down to sleep;

American King James Version
And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep;

American Standard Version
and the lamp of God was not yet gone out, and Samuel was laid down to sleep , in the temple of Jehovah, where the ark of God was;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Before the lamp of God went out, Samuel slept in the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was.

Darby Bible Translation
and the lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel lay in the temple of Jehovah, where the ark of God was,

English Revised Version
and the lamp of God was not yet gone out, and Samuel was laid down to sleep, in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was;

Webster's Bible Translation
And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep;

World English Bible
and the lamp of God hadn't yet gone out, and Samuel had laid down [to sleep], in the temple of Yahweh, where the ark of God was;

Young's Literal Translation
And the lamp of God is not yet extinguished, and Samuel is lying down in the temple of Jehovah, where the ark of God is,
Study Bible
The Lord Calls Samuel
2It happened at that time as Eli was lying down in his place (now his eyesight had begun to grow dim and he could not see well), 3and the lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD where the ark of God was, 4that the LORD called Samuel; and he said, "Here I am."…
Cross References
Exodus 25:31
"Then you shall make a lampstand of pure gold. The lampstand and its base and its shaft are to be made of hammered work; its cups, its bulbs and its flowers shall be of one piece with it.

Exodus 27:21
"In the tent of meeting, outside the veil which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall keep it in order from evening to morning before the LORD; it shall be a perpetual statute throughout their generations for the sons of Israel.

Leviticus 24:2
"Command the sons of Israel that they bring to you clear oil from beaten olives for the light, to make a lamp burn continually.

Leviticus 24:3
"Outside the veil of testimony in the tent of meeting, Aaron shall keep it in order from evening to morning before the LORD continually; it shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations.

1 Samuel 1:9
Then Hannah rose after eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat by the doorpost of the temple of the LORD.
Treasury of Scripture

And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep;

ere. Before sun-rise: for it is probable the lamps were extinguished before the rising of the sun; see the Parallel Passages.

the lamp

Exodus 27:20,21 And you shall command the children of Israel, that they bring you …

Exodus 30:7,8 And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he …

Leviticus 24:2-4 Command the children of Israel, that they bring to you pure oil olive …

2 Chronicles 13:11 And they burn to the LORD every morning and every evening burnt sacrifices …

the temple

1 Samuel 1:6 And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because …

Psalm 5:7 But as for me, I will come into your house in the multitude of your …

Psalm 27:4 One thing have I desired of the LORD, that will I seek after; that …

Psalm 29:9 The voice of the LORD makes the hinds to calve, and discovers the …

(3, 4) Ere the lamp of God went out.--There is a Talmud comment here of singular interest and beauty: "On the day that Rabbi Akiva died, Rabbi (compiler of the Mishnah) was born; on the day when Rabbi died, Rav Yehudah was born; on the day when Rav Yehudah died, Rava was born; on the day when Rava died, Rav Ashi (one of the editors of Guemara) was born. It teaches thee, that no righteous man departs this life before another equally righteous is born; as it is said (Ecclesiastes 1:5): 'The sun riser, and the sun goes down.' The sun of Eli had not set before that of Samuel rose; as it is said (1Samuel 3:3): 'Ere the lamp of God was out . . . and Samuel laid down.'"--Tract Kiddushin, fol. 72, Colossians 2.

"It was night in the sanctuary. The high priest slept in one of the adjacent chambers, and the attendant ministers in another. In the centre, on the left of the entrance, stood the seven-branched candlestick, now mentioned for the last time; superseded in the reign of Solomon by the ten separate candlesticks, but revived after the Captivity by the copy of the one candlestick with seven branches, as it is still seen on the Arch of Titus. It was the only light of the Tabernacle during the night, was solemnly lighted every evening, as in the devotions of the Eastern world, both Mussulman and Christian, and extinguished just before morning, when the doors were opened.

" In the deep silence of that early morning, before the sun had risen, when the sacred light was still burning, came through the mouth of the innocent child the doom of the house of Ithamar."--Stanley, Lectures on the Jewish Church, Part I.

The Lord called Samuel.--It seems probable that the voice came from out of the "visible glory," the Shekinah, which on that solemn night of the calling of the child-prophet no doubt rested on its chosen earthly throne--the mercy-seat of God--which formed the top of the Ark, and which was overshadowed by the outspread wings of the golden Cherubim.

And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the Lord,.... The tabernacle so called; lamp is put for the lamps in the candlestick in the tabernacle, which were lighted every evening, and burnt till morning; by which time some of them at least usually went out, only it is said the western lamp never went out. Now the reason why this is observed is to show that it was in the night, before morning, that the following transaction was: some by this lamp understand the lamp of prophecy, that before that was quite extinct in Eli, only began to depart, as his eyes are said to begin to wax dim, the spirit of prophecy came to Samuel; so that, as the Jews express it, before one sun was set another arose; thus before the sun of Moses set, the sun of Joshua arose; and before the sun of Eli set, the sun of Samuel arose:

where the ark of God was; that is, in the temple or tabernacle; not in that part of it where the lamps were burning in the candlestick, that was in the holy place; but the ark was in the holy of holies, where the Lord dwelt, and was the symbol of his presence; and which is observed to point out the place from whence the voice came, after mentioned; and which the Targum expresses here,"and a voice was heard out of the temple of the Lord, where the ark of the Lord was:''and Samuel was laid down to sleep; after Eli was in bed, and Samuel had done all his business, he laid himself down to sleep in his place; in the court of the Levites, as the Targum, with which the Jewish commentators in general agree: it must be somewhere near to Eli, so that he could quickly come at him, when he needed his assistance; though, according to the Misnah (p), the priests shut the doors of the court within, and the Levites slept without. It is highly probable that Samuel's apartment was near to Eli, or he could not have so readily come to him, as it is plain he did. This circumstance is also observed, to show that it was in the night, and before morning, that the following vision was; and, as Kimchi thinks, about cock crowing; and it may be from hence Strabo (q) had the notion, that Moses ordered such to sleep (in the temple) for themselves, and others, who were fit to receive good dreams, and who might expect from God a good gift, who lived soberly and righteously; and because the tabernacle was covered with skins, hence might spring the notion of others to sleep in temples, for the above reason, under the skins of the sacrifices; see Gill on , though they seem rather to have slept upon them, for the above purposes, namely, to converse with their deities, and get knowledge from them (r).

(p) Middot, c. 1. sect. 8. (q) Geograph. l. 16. p. 523. (r) Vid. Virgil. Aeneid. 7. "huc dona Sacerdos", &c. ver. 86-95. 3. ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the Lord—The "temple" seems to have become the established designation of the tabernacle, and the time indicated was towards the morning twilight, as the lamps were extinguished at sunrise (see Le 6:12, 13).3:1-10 The call which Divine grace designs shall be made effectual; will be repeated till it is so, till we come to the call. Eli, perceiving that it was the voice of God that Samuel heard, instructed him what to say. Though it was a disgrace to Eli, for God's call to be directed to Samuel, yet he told him how to meet it. Thus the elder should do their utmost to assist and improve the younger that are rising up. Let us never fail to teach those who are coming after us, even such as will soon be preferred before us, Joh 1:30. Good words should be put into children's mouths betimes, by which they may be prepared to learn Divine things, and be trained up to regard them.
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