1 Samuel 5:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then they carried the ark into Dagon's temple and set it beside Dagon.

New Living Translation
They carried the Ark of God into the temple of Dagon and placed it beside an idol of Dagon.

English Standard Version
Then the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it into the house of Dagon and set it up beside Dagon.

New American Standard Bible
Then the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it to the house of Dagon and set it by Dagon.

King James Bible
When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
brought it into the temple of Dagon and placed it next to his statue.

International Standard Version
Then the Philistines took the Ark of God, brought it to the temple of Dagon, and placed it beside Dagon.

NET Bible
The Philistines took the ark of God and brought it into the temple of Dagon, where they positioned it beside Dagon.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They brought it into the temple of Dagon and placed it beside Dagon.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon and set it by Dagon.

King James 2000 Bible
When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

American King James Version
When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

American Standard Version
And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it into the temple of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

Darby Bible Translation
And the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

English Revised Version
And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

Webster's Bible Translation
When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

World English Bible
The Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

Young's Literal Translation
and the Philistines take the ark of God and bring it into the house of Dagon, and set it near Dagon.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:1-5 See the ark's triumph over Dagon. Thus the kingdom of Satan will certainly fall before the kingdom of Christ, error before truth, profaneness before godliness, and corruption before grace in the hearts of the faithful. When the interests of religion seem to be ready to sink, even then we may be confident that the day of their triumph will come. When Christ, the true Ark of the covenant, really enters the heart of fallen man, which is indeed Satan's temple, all idols will fall, every endeavour to set them up again will be vain, sin will be forsaken, and unrighteous gain restored; the Lord will claim and possess the throne. But pride, self-love, and worldly lusts, though dethroned and crucified, still remain within us, like the stump of Dagon. Let us watch and pray that they may not prevail. Let us seek to have them more entirely destroyed.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - When the Philistines, etc. The words are exactly the same as those in ver. 1, viz. "And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it," marking the simplicity of ancient narrative. Dagon is derived by Philo from dagan, "corn," and is explained by him as an emblem of the earth's fertility; but as the shape of this national deity of the Philistines was certainly that of a man to the waist, ending in the body and tail of a fish, the true derivation is doubtless that from dag, "a fish." It represented, however, not so much the sea, on which the Philistines trafficked, as the fruitfulness of water, which in the East is looked upon as the active principle of life (comp. Genesis 1:20). In one of the sculptures brought from Khorsabad there is a representation of a battle between the Assyrians and the inhabitants of the Syrian sea coast, and in it there is a figure, the upper part of which is a bearded man with a crown, while from the waist downwards it has the shape of a fish (Layard's 'Nineveh,' 2:466). Moreover, it is swimming in the sea, and is surrounded by a multitude of marine creatures. Doubtless this figure represents Dagon, who, nevertheless, is not to be regarded as a sea god, like Neptune; but as the fish is the product of water, he is the symbol of nature's reproductive energy. Together with Dagon a female deity was commonly worshipped, called Atergatis, half woman and half fish, whose temple is mentioned in 2 Macc. 12:26. In the margin there she is explained as being Venus; but the ideas have only this in common - that Venus also, as rising out of the sea, symbolises life as springing out of water. As Dagon had a temple also at Gaza (Judges 16:23), and at the other cities of Philistia (Jerome on Isaiah 46:1), he was evidently the chief deity of the nation, and the solemn depositing of the ark in his temple, and by Dagon, - literally, "at his side," - was intended as a public demonstration that the God of the Israelites was inferior to, and had been vanquished by, the national deity of the Philistines.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

When the Philistines took the ark of God,.... And had brought it to Ashdod:

they brought it into the house of Dagon; a temple dedicated to that idol, and in which his image stood; of which See Gill on Judges 16:23,

and set it by Dagon; by the side of him, either in honour to the ark, as Abarbinel, designing to give it homage and adoration, as to their own deity; for though the Gentiles did not choose to change their gods, yet they would add the gods of other nations to them; and such the Philistines might take the ark to be: or else, as Procopius Gazaeus, they brought it into their idol's temple, as a trophy of victory, and as a spoil taken from their enemies, and which they dedicated to their idol. Laniado (r) observes, that the word here used signifies servitude, as in Genesis 33:15 and that the ark was set here to minister to, or serve their god Dagon. The temple of Dagon at Ashdod or Azotus was in being in the times of the Maccabees, and was burnt by Jonathan,"83 The horsemen also, being scattered in the field, fled to Azotus, and went into Bethdagon, their idol's temple, for safety. 84 But Jonathan set fire on Azotus, and the cities round about it, and took their spoils; and the temple of Dagon, with them that were fled into it, he burned with fire.'' (1 Maccabees 10)

(r) Cli Yaker, fol. 162. 4.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. the house of Dagon—Stately temples were erected in honor of this idol, which was the principal deity of the Philistines, but whose worship extended over all Syria, as well as Mesopotamia and Chaldea; its name being found among the Assyrian gods on the cuneiform inscriptions [Rawlinson]. It was represented under a monstrous combination of a human head, breast, and arms, joined to the belly and tail of a fish. The captured ark was placed in the temple of Dagon, right before this image of the idol.

1 Samuel 5:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Ark among the Philistines
1Now the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. 2Then the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it to the house of Dagon and set it by Dagon. 3When the Ashdodites arose early the next morning, behold, Dagon had fallen on his face to the ground before the ark of the LORD. So they took Dagon and set him in his place again.…
Cross References
Judges 16:23
Now the rulers of the Philistines assembled to offer a great sacrifice to Dagon their god and to celebrate, saying, "Our god has delivered Samson, our enemy, into our hands."

1 Chronicles 10:8
The next day, when the Philistines came to strip the dead, they found Saul and his sons fallen on Mount Gilboa.
Treasury of Scripture

When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

of Dagon

Judges 16:23 Then the lords of the Philistines gathered them together for to offer …

1 Chronicles 10:10 And they put his armor in the house of their gods, and fastened his …

Daniel 5:2,23 Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine…

Habakkuk 1:11,16 Then shall his mind change, and he shall pass over, and offend, imputing …

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