Exodus 18:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Whenever they have a dispute, it is brought to me, and I decide between the parties and inform them of God's decrees and instructions."

New Living Translation
When a dispute arises, they come to me, and I am the one who settles the case between the quarreling parties. I inform the people of God's decrees and give them his instructions."

English Standard Version
when they have a dispute, they come to me and I decide between one person and another, and I make them know the statutes of God and his laws.”

New American Standard Bible
"When they have a dispute, it comes to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor and make known the statutes of God and His laws."

King James Bible
When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.

Christian Standard Bible
Whenever they have a dispute, it comes to me, and I make a decision between one man and another. I teach them God's statutes and laws."

Contemporary English Version
They bring their complaints to me, and I make decisions on the basis of God's laws."

Good News Translation
When two people have a dispute, they come to me, and I decide which one of them is right, and I tell them God's commands and laws."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Whenever they have a dispute, it comes to me, and I make a decision between one man and another. I teach them God's statutes and laws.""

International Standard Version
When they have a dispute, it comes to me and I decide between a person and his neighbor, and make known the statutes of God and his instructions."

NET Bible
When they have a dispute, it comes to me and I decide between a man and his neighbor, and I make known the decrees of God and his laws."

New Heart English Bible
When they have a matter, they come to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor, and I make them know the statutes of God, and his laws."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Whenever they have a disagreement and bring it to me, I decide which person is right, and I tell them God's laws and instructions."

JPS Tanakh 1917
when they have a matter, it cometh unto me; and I judge between a man and his neighbour, and I make them know the statutes of God, and His laws.'

New American Standard 1977
“When they have a dispute, it comes to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor, and make known the statutes of God and His laws.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I declare unto them the statutes of God and his laws.

King James 2000 Bible
When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.

American King James Version
When they have a matter, they come to me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.

American Standard Version
when they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between a man and his neighbor, and I make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when any controversy falleth out among them, they come to me to judge between them, and to shew the precepts of God, and his laws.

Darby Bible Translation
When they have a matter, they come to me, and I judge between one and another; and I make known [to them] the statutes of God, and his laws.

English Revised Version
when they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between a man and his neighbour, and I make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.

Webster's Bible Translation
When they have a matter, they come to me, and I judge between one and another, and I make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.

World English Bible
When they have a matter, they come to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor, and I make them know the statutes of God, and his laws."

Young's Literal Translation
when they have a matter, it hath come unto me, and I have judged between a man and his neighbour, and made known the statutes of God, and His laws.'
Study Bible
Jethro Advises Moses
15Moses said to his father-in-law, "Because the people come to me to inquire of God. 16"When they have a dispute, it comes to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor and make known the statutes of God and His laws." 17Moses' father-in-law said to him, "The thing that you are doing is not good.…
Cross References
Exodus 18:17
Moses' father-in-law said to him, "The thing that you are doing is not good.

Exodus 24:14
But to the elders he said, "Wait here for us until we return to you. And behold, Aaron and Hur are with you; whoever has a legal matter, let him approach them."
Treasury of Scripture

When they have a matter, they come to me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.

a matter

Exodus 23:7 Keep you far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous …

Exodus 24:14 And he said to the elders, Tarry you here for us, until we come again …

Deuteronomy 17:8-12 If there arise a matter too hard for you in judgment, between blood …

2 Samuel 15:3 And Absalom said to him, See, your matters are good and right; but …

Job 31:13 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, …

Acts 18:14,15 And when Paul was now about to open his mouth, Gallio said to the …

1 Corinthians 6:1 Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before …

one and another. Heb. a man and his fellow

Exodus 2:13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews …

make

Leviticus 24:15 And you shall speak to the children of Israel, saying, Whoever curses …

Numbers 15:35 And the LORD said to Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: …

Numbers 27:6 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Numbers 36:6-9 This is the thing which the LORD does command concerning the daughters …

Deuteronomy 4:5 Behold, I have taught you statutes and judgments, even as the LORD …

Deuteronomy 5:1 And Moses called all Israel, and said to them, Hear, O Israel, the …

Deuteronomy 6:1 Now these are the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments, …

1 Samuel 12:23 Moreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the LORD …

Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatever I have commanded you: …

1 Thessalonians 4:1,2 Furthermore then we beseech you, brothers, and exhort you by the Lord Jesus…

Verse 16. - I judge... and I do make them know the statutes of God. As the israelites were, up to this time, without any code of written laws, Moses took the opportunity furnished by such cases as came before him, to lay down principles of law, and enjoin them upon the people; thus making them to know the statutes of God and his eternal unwritten laws. Such a practice would not have been necessary after the giving of the law on Mount Sinai; and its existence at the time of Jethro's visit helps to fix that visit as occurring before the giving of the law. When they have a matter, they come unto me,.... This is the other thing he did for them, as the above writer observes; which being last mentioned, he speaks of first, as follows, meaning that when there was a matter in difference between two persons or more, and they could not agree upon it among themselves, then they brought it to him to be heard and decided:

and I judge between one and another; hear what they have to say on both sides, and then judge which is in the right and which is in the wrong, and determine what is to be done, according to the laws of God or according to the rules of justice and equity:

and I do make them know the statutes of God and his laws; this relates to the first thing, their coming to him to inquire of God, what is his mind and will, or what he would have them do; and in order to this, and in answer to their request, he instructed them in the laws of God, both civil and religious: this is made use of by some, to prove that Jethro's coming to Moses was after the law was given: but this does not necessarily follow, because Moses, by a divine impulse, might be directed immediately to make known to the people what was the will and mind of God, with respect to any particular case they inquired about; and rather this seems to furnish out an argument to the contrary, since, if the laws and statutes of God had yet been given on Mount Sinai, the people could not have been ignorant of them, and so needed not such daily information and instruction from Moses. 18:13-27 Here is the great zeal and the toil of Moses as a magistrate. Having been employed to redeem Israel out of the house of bondage, he is a further type of Christ, that he is employed as a lawgiver and a judge among them. If the people were as quarrelsome one with another as they were with God, no doubt Moses had many causes brought before him. This business Moses was called to; it appears that he did it with great care and kindness. The meanest Israelite was welcome to bring his cause before him. Moses kept to his business from morning to night. Jethro thought it was too much for him to undertake alone; also it would make the administration of justice tiresome to the people. There may be over-doing even in well-doing. Wisdom is profitable to direct, that we may neither content ourselves with less than our duty, nor task ourselves beyond our strength. Jethro advised Moses to a better plan. Great men should not only study to be useful themselves, but contrive to make others useful. Care must be taken in the choice of the persons admitted into such a trust. They should be men of good sense, that understood business, and that would not be daunted by frowns or clamours, but abhorred the thought of a bribe. Men of piety and religion; such as fear God, who dare not to do a base thing, though they could do it secretly and securely. The fear of God will best fortify a man against temptations to injustice. Moses did not despise this advice. Those are not wise, who think themselves too wise to be counselled.
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