Exodus 18:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Now Jethro, the priest of Midian and father-in-law of Moses, heard of everything God had done for Moses and for his people Israel, and how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

New Living Translation
Moses' father-in-law, Jethro, the priest of Midian, heard about everything God had done for Moses and his people, the Israelites. He heard especially about how the LORD had rescued them from Egypt.

English Standard Version
Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel his people, how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

New American Standard Bible
Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people, how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

King James Bible
When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Moses' father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian, heard about everything that God had done for Moses and His people Israel, and how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

International Standard Version
Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard all that God had done for Moses and for his people Israel, and how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

NET Bible
Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard about all that God had done for Moses and for his people Israel, that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

New Heart English Bible
Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, how that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Moses' father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian, heard about everything God had done for Moses and his people Israel and how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel His people, how that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

New American Standard 1977
Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people, how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that God had done with Moses and with Israel his people and how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt,

King James 2000 Bible
When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt;

American King James Version
When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt;

American Standard Version
Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, how that Jehovah had brought Israel out of Egypt.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when Jethro the priest of Madian, the kinsman of Moses, had heard all the things that God had done to Moses, and to Israel his people, and that the Lord had brought forth Israel out of Egypt,

Darby Bible Translation
And Jethro the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that God had done to Moses, and to Israel his people; that Jehovah had brought Israel out of Egypt.

English Revised Version
Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, how that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

Webster's Bible Translation
When Jethro the priest of Midian, Moses's father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt:

World English Bible
Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, how that Yahweh had brought Israel out of Egypt.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jethro priest of Midian, father-in-law of Moses, heareth all that God hath done for Moses, and for Israel his people, that Jehovah hath brought out Israel from Egypt,
Study Bible
The Visit of Jethro
1Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people, how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt. 2Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took Moses' wife Zipporah, after he had sent her away,…
Cross References
Exodus 2:16
Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters; and they came to draw water and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

Exodus 2:18
When they came to Reuel their father, he said, "Why have you come back so soon today?"

Exodus 3:1
Now Moses was pasturing the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the west side of the wilderness and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.

Exodus 6:6
"Say, therefore, to the sons of Israel, 'I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from their bondage. I will also redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.
Treasury of Scripture

When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt;

Jethro

Exodus 2:16,21 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew …

Exodus 3:1 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest …

Exodus 4:18 And Moses went and returned to Jethro his father in law, and said …

Numbers 10:29 And Moses said to Hobab, the son of Raguel the Midianite, Moses' …

Judges 4:11 Now Heber the Kenite, which was of the children of Hobab the father …

heard

Psalm 34:2 My soul shall make her boast in the LORD: the humble shall hear thereof, …

Psalm 44:1 We have heard with our ears, O God, our fathers have told us, what …

Psalm 77:14,15 You are the God that do wonders: you have declared your strength …

Psalm 78:4 We will not hide them from their children, showing to the generation …

Psalm 105:5,43 Remember his marvelous works that he has done; his wonders, and the …

Psalm 106:2,8 Who can utter the mighty acts of the LORD? who can show forth all his praise…

Jeremiah 33:9 And it shall be to me a name of joy, a praise and an honor before …

Zechariah 8:23 Thus said the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, …

Galatians 1:23,24 But they had heard only, That he which persecuted us in times past …

God

Acts 7:35,36 This Moses whom they refused, saying, Who made you a ruler and a judge…

Acts 14:27 And when they were come, and had gathered the church together, they …

Acts 15:12 Then all the multitude kept silence, and gave audience to Barnabas and Paul…

Acts 21:19,20 And when he had saluted them, he declared particularly what things …

Romans 15:18 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ …

done

Exodus 7:1 And the LORD said to Moses, See, I have made you a god to Pharaoh: …

Exodus 8:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, Go to Pharaoh, and say to him, Thus …

Exodus 9:1 Then the LORD said to Moses, Go in to Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus …

Exodus 10:1 And the LORD said to Moses, Go in to Pharaoh: for I have hardened …

Exodus 11:1 And the LORD said to Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more on Pharaoh, …

Exodus 12:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying,

Exodus 13:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Exodus 14:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Exodus 15:1 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song to the LORD, …

Joshua 2:10 For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red sea …

Joshua 9:9 And they said to him, From a very far country your servants are come …

Nehemiah 9:10,11 And showed signs and wonders on Pharaoh, and on all his servants, …

Psalm 77:14,15 You are the God that do wonders: you have declared your strength …

Psalm 78:50-53 He made a way to his anger; he spared not their soul from death, …

Psalm 105:36-41 He smote also all the firstborn in their land, the chief of all their …

Psalm 106:8-11 Nevertheless he saved them for his name's sake, that he might make …

Psalm 136:10-16 To him that smote Egypt in their firstborn: for his mercy endures for ever…

Isaiah 63:11-13 Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, and his people, saying…

XVIII.

THE VISIT OF JETHRO.

(1) Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law.--On Jethro's probable relationship to Moses, see the second Note on Exodus 3:1. On the priesthood of Reuel, which Jethro seems to have inherited, see Note on Exodus 2:16. It has been very unnecessarily supposed that the chronological order of the narrative is here deranged, Jethro's visit having been really paid after the legislation of Sinai and the setting up of the Tabernacle (Aben Ezra, Ranke, Kurtz). Both the position of the chapter and its contents are against this theory.

And that the Lord had brought Israel out.--Rather, in that the Lord had brought Israel out, It was this fact especially which Jethro had heard, and which induced him to set out on his journey.

(1) The people want decisions which they can feel to have Divine sanction--they "come to him to enquire of God"--and the ruling of inferior judges would not be regarded by them as equally authoritative.

Verse 1. - Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law. Rather, "Jethro, priest of Midian, Moses' brother-in-law." See the comment on Exodus 3:1; and note that the Seventy use the ambiguous word γαμβρός, while the Vulgate has cognatus. And that. Rather "in that." The clause is exegetical of the preceding one. When Jethro the priest of Midian, Moses's father-in-law,.... The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan call him the prince of Midian, and so the word (e) is rendered in some versions; whose daughter Moses had married, and so was his father-in-law, of which see more in Exodus 2:16.

heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people; the miracles he had wrought for them in Egypt, the dividing of the Red sea to make a way for them, the destruction of the Egyptians, providing them with bread and water in such a miraculous manner in the wilderness, and giving them victory over Amalek, and appearing always at the head of them in a pillar of cloud and fire:

and that the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt: which was the greatest blessing of all, and for the sake of which so many wonderful things had been done to Pharaoh and the Egyptians. And now Midian being near to Egypt, it is not to be wondered at that Jethro should hear of these things, the fame of which went through all the countries round about, see Exodus 15:14, though it is not improbable that Moses might send messengers to Midian to acquaint his father-in-law, his wife, and sons, of what the Lord had done for him, and by him.

(e) "praeses", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator. CHAPTER 18

Ex 18:1-27. Visit of Jethro.

1-5. Jethro … came … unto Moses, etc.—It is thought by many eminent commentators that this episode is inserted out of its chronological order, for it is described as occurring when the Israelites were "encamped at the mount of God." And yet they did not reach it till the third month after their departure from Egypt (Ex 19:1, 2; compare De 1:6, 9-15).18:1-6 Jethro came to rejoice with Moses in the happiness of Israel, and to bring his wife and children to him. Moses must have his family with him, that while he ruled the church of God, he might set a good example in family government, 1Ti 3:5.
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