Daniel 2:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So the decree was issued to put the wise men to death, and men were sent to look for Daniel and his friends to put them to death.

New Living Translation
And because of the king's decree, men were sent to find and kill Daniel and his friends.

English Standard Version
So the decree went out, and the wise men were about to be killed; and they sought Daniel and his companions, to kill them.

New American Standard Bible
So the decree went forth that the wise men should be slain; and they looked for Daniel and his friends to kill them.

King James Bible
And the decree went forth that the wise men should be slain; and they sought Daniel and his fellows to be slain.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The decree was issued that the wise men were to be executed, and they searched for Daniel and his friends, to execute them.

International Standard Version
When the order went out to kill the advisors, they searched for Daniel and his friends to kill them, too.

NET Bible
So a decree went out, and the wise men were about to be executed. They also sought Daniel and his friends so that they could be executed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So a decree was issued that the wise advisers were to be killed, and some men were sent to find Daniel and his friends and kill them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the decree went forth, and the wise men were taken to be slain, and they sought Daniel and his fellows to kill them.

King James 2000 Bible
And the decree went forth that the wise men should be slain; and they sought Daniel and his fellows to be slain.

American King James Version
And the decree went forth that the wise men should be slain; and they sought Daniel and his fellows to be slain.

American Standard Version
So the decree went forth, and the wise men were to be slain; and they sought Daniel and his companions to be slain.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the decree being gone forth, the wise men were slain: and Daniel and his companions were sought for, to be put to death.

Darby Bible Translation
And the decree went forth that the wise men were to be slain; and they sought Daniel and his companions to slay them.

English Revised Version
So the decree went forth, and the wise men were to be slain; and they sought Daniel and his companions to be slain.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the decree went forth that the wise men should be slain; and they sought Daniel and his fellows to be slain.

World English Bible
So the decree went forth, and the wise men were to be slain; and they sought Daniel and his companions to be slain.

Young's Literal Translation
And the sentence hath gone forth, and the wise men are being slain, and they have sought Daniel and his companions to be slain.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:1-13 The greatest men are most open to cares and troubles of mind, which disturb their repose in the night, while the sleep of the labouring man is sweet and sound. We know not the uneasiness of many who live in great pomp, and, as others vainly think, in pleasure also. The king said that his learned men must tell him the dream itself, or they should all be put to death as deceivers. Men are more eager to ask as to future events, than to learn the way of salvation or the path of duty; yet foreknowledge of future events increases anxiety and trouble. Those who deceived, by pretending to do what they could not do, were sentenced to death, for not being able to do what they did not pretend to.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 13. - And the decree went forth that the wise men should be slain. As the Aramaic stands, it might be translated as does Professor Fuller, "And the decree went forth, and the wise men were being slain;" the ו of co-ordination maybe regarded as here used of Subordination. Further, the use of the participle for the preterite is not by any means uncommon in Daniel, certainly mainly in the principal clause, as in ver. 5 of the present chapter. Noldeke, in his 'Syriac Grammar,' 278a, gives examples of the passive participle being used as here in the subordinate clause. The Septuagint is very condensed, but possibly drawn from a similar text, only such extreme condensation is unlike the translator elsewhere. It is possible that some part of the פְּקַד. (peqad), "to decree," was used, perhaps the participle hithpael. It is possible that the verb qetal was in the infinitive. Theodotion renders, "And the decree went forth, and the wise men were slain." This, though a possible translation, does not fit what we find represented to be the circumstances, as ver. 24 seems to assume that the wise men were not yet destroyed. On the other hand, it would be hardly possible to imagine the king allowing these wise men who had refused to answer his question, to go out of his presence in safety and unbound. It would seem more natural to imagine that they were carried off to prison, and that all the soothsaying class were intended to be gathered together in prison, in order that the vengeance of the king might be more appallingly manifest. The sentence looks at first sight to us as too savage to be true, but just as savage proofs of vengeance were given by Asshurbanipal. And they sought Daniel and his fellows to be slain. The Septuagint translation of this clause is somewhat paraphrastic, "And Daniel was sought for and all those with him in order to be put to death." The want of an antecedent to fix the nominative of the verb probably led to the sentence assuming its present mould; but "all" seems to have no word to occasion it. Theodotion follows the Massoretic text closely; so also does the Peshitta. It is clear from this that Daniel and his companions had not been summoned into the royal presence when the question concerning the dream was put to the wise men. This would seem to contradict the statement of Daniel 1:19, "Therefore stood they" - to wit these Hebrew youths - "before the king." Their position was probably like those who had passed the examination for the Indian Civil Service - they are accepted, but they have still a season of study, and then, after they go out to India, they occupy only subordinate situations at first. While permited to enter the ranks of the soothsayers and astrologers to the court, they were placed at first only in the lower grades, and would have to rise by degrees, and in ordinary circumstances a long time would elapse before they would be summoned into the immediate presence of the sovereign. On the reading of the LXX., Daniel and his friends would not, because they were Jews, and not Chaldeans. One has only to turn to the Talumdic tales to see how unlike this reasonable position is to the ordinary Jewish fictitious narrative. The Book of Daniel is not nearly prodigal enough in wonders to be a representative of the Jewish Midrash. It is further clear that the decree of the king went beyond those who had actually been in his council-chamber on that merest-able day. The idea of the king probably was that the treason which he had found in the heads of the various classes of Chaldean soothsayers would have permeated all the members. Babylonian and foreign, as well; therefore he orders them all to suffer a common fate. Wieseler's hypothesis, that this event took place close to the end of the three years of study which had been assigned to these youths, would suit the statement of events which we find here; although it is not necessary, yet on this assumption, the succession of events as narrated in this chapter becomes perfectly natural.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the decree went forth that the wise men should be slain,.... Or, "and the wise men were slain" (h), as the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and Syriac versions render it; and so Saadiah: orders were given by the king to his proper officers, and his edict was published, and his will made known in the usual manner; upon which the wise men, at least some of them, were slain; very probably those who were in the king's presence, and at court; and the officers were gone out to slay the rest:

and they sought Daniel and his fellows to be slain; who had the character of wise men, and might be envied at court, and so the officers took this opportunity, having these orders, to slay them: there was, no doubt, a particular providence, that Daniel and his friends should not be at court at this time; both that the vanity of the Chaldean wisdom and arts might be the more manifest and made known, and the divine and superior wisdom and knowledge of Daniel might be more conspicuous, and his fame be spread in Babylon, and in other provinces.

(h) "et sapientes interficiebantur", Pagninus, Montanus, Munster, Piscator, Michaelis.



Daniel 2:13 Additional Commentaries
Context
Nebuchadnezzar's Dream
12Because of this the king became indignant and very furious and gave orders to destroy all the wise men of Babylon. 13So the decree went forth that the wise men should be slain; and they looked for Daniel and his friends to kill them.
Cross References
Daniel 1:19
The king talked with them, and he found none equal to Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah; so they entered the king's service.

Daniel 1:20
In every matter of wisdom and understanding about which the king questioned them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and enchanters in his whole kingdom.

Daniel 2:24
Then Daniel went to Arioch, whom the king had appointed to execute the wise men of Babylon, and said to him, "Do not execute the wise men of Babylon. Take me to the king, and I will interpret his dream for him."

Daniel 5:19
Because of the high position he gave him, all the nations and peoples of every language dreaded and feared him. Those the king wanted to put to death, he put to death; those he wanted to spare, he spared; those he wanted to promote, he promoted; and those he wanted to humble, he humbled.
Treasury of Scripture

And the decree went forth that the wise men should be slain; and they sought Daniel and his fellows to be slain.

the decree.

Daniel 6:9-15 Why king Darius signed the writing and the decree…

Esther 3:12-15 Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month…

Psalm 94:20 Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with you, which frames …

Proverbs 28:15-17 As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over …

Isaiah 10:1 Woe to them that decree unrighteous decrees, and that write grievousness …

and they.

Daniel 1:19,20 And the king communed with them; and among them all was found none …

Daniel 6:12 Then they came near, and spoke before the king concerning the king's …

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