1 Samuel 16:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what to do. You are to anoint for me the one I indicate."

New Living Translation
Invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you which of his sons to anoint for me."

English Standard Version
And invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do. And you shall anoint for me him whom I declare to you.”

Berean Study Bible
Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you are to do. You are to anoint for Me the one I indicate.”

New American Standard Bible
"You shall invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; and you shall anoint for Me the one whom I designate to you."

King James Bible
And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will shew thee what thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name unto thee.

Christian Standard Bible
Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will let you know what you are to do. You are to anoint for me the one I indicate to you."

Contemporary English Version
then invite Jesse to the sacrifice. When I show you which one of his sons I have chosen, pour the olive oil on his head."

Good News Translation
Invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will tell you what to do. You will anoint as king the man I tell you to."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will let you know what you are to do. You are to anoint for Me the one I indicate to you."

International Standard Version
You are to invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I'll show you what you are to do. You are to anoint for me the one I tell you."

NET Bible
Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you should do. You will anoint for me the one I point out to you."

New Heart English Bible
Call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do. You shall anoint to me him whom I name to you."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Invite Jesse to the sacrifice. I will reveal to you what you should do, and you will anoint for me the one I point out to you."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will tell thee what thou shalt do; and thou shalt anoint unto Me him whom I name unto thee.'

New American Standard 1977
“And you shall invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; and you shall anoint for Me the one whom I designate to you.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show thee what thou shalt do, and thou shalt anoint unto me the one whom I name unto thee.

King James 2000 Bible
And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do: and you shall anoint unto me him whom I name unto you.

American King James Version
And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do: and you shall anoint to me him whom I name to you.

American Standard Version
And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show thee what thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name unto thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou shalt call Isai to the sacrifice, and I will shew thee what thou art to do, and thou shalt anoint him whom I shall shew to thee.

Darby Bible Translation
And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will tell thee what thou shalt do; and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name unto thee.

English Revised Version
And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will shew thee what thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name unto thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show thee what thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint to me him whom I name to thee.

World English Bible
Call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do. You shall anoint to me him whom I name to you."

Young's Literal Translation
and thou hast called for Jesse in the sacrifice, and I cause thee to know that which thou dost do, and thou hast anointed to Me him of whom I speak unto thee.'
Study Bible
Samuel Anoints David
2“How can I go?” Samuel asked. “Saul will hear of it and kill me!” The LORD answered, “Take a heifer with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.’ 3Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you are to do. You are to anoint for Me the one I indicate -.” 4So Samuel did what the LORD had said and went to Bethlehem. When the elders of the town met him, they trembled and asked, “Do you come in peace?”…
Cross References
Acts 9:6
"Now get up and go into the city, and you will be told what you must do."

Exodus 4:15
You are to speak to him and put the words in his mouth. I will help both of you to speak, and I will teach you what to do.

Deuteronomy 17:14
When you enter the land the LORD your God is giving you and have taken possession of it and settled it, and you say, "Let us set a king over us like all the nations around us,"

Deuteronomy 17:15
you are to appoint over yourselves the king the LORD your God shall choose. Appoint a king from among your brothers; you are not to set a foreigner over yourselves, or one who is not of your brothers.

1 Samuel 9:16
"At this time tomorrow I will send you a man from the land of Benjamin, and you are to anoint him leader over My people Israel; he will deliver them from the hand of the Philistines. For I have looked upon My people, because their cry has come to Me."

1 Kings 1:34
There Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet are to anoint him king over Israel. You are to blow the trumpet and declare, 'Long live King Solomon!'

1 Chronicles 11:3
So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, where David made a covenant with them before the LORD. And they anointed him king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD through Samuel.

Treasury of Scripture

And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do: and you shall anoint to me him whom I name to you.

call Jesse

1 Samuel 9:12,13 And they answered them, and said, He is; behold, he is before you: …

2 Samuel 15:11 And with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, that were …

Matthew 22:1-4 And Jesus answered and spoke to them again by parables, and said…

and I will shew

Exodus 4:15 And you shall speak to him, and put words in his mouth: and I will …

Acts 9:6 And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what will you have me …

anoint

1 Samuel 16:12,13 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and with of a …

1 Samuel 9:16 To morrow about this time I will send you a man out of the land of …

Deuteronomy 17:14 When you are come to the land which the LORD your God gives you, …

(3) And thou shalt anoint.--From very early times the ceremony of anointing to important offices was customary among the Hebrews. In the first instance, all the priests were anointed (Exodus 40:15; Numbers 3:3), but afterwards anointing seems to have been reserved especially for the high priest (Exodus 29:29). Prophets also seem occasionally to have been anointed to their holy office. Anointing, however, was the principal ceremony in the inauguration of the Hebrew kings. It belonged in so especial a manner to the royal functions that the favourite designation for the king in Israel was "the Lord's anointed." In the case of David, the ceremony of anointing was performed three times--(1) on this occasion by Samuel, when the boy was set apart for the service of the Lord; (2) when appointed king over Judah at Hebron (2Samuel 2:4); (3) when chosen as monarch over all Israel (2Samuel 5:3). All these official personages, the priest, the prophet, and peculiarly the king, were types of the great expected Deliverer, ever known as the "Messiah," "the Christ," "the Anointed One."

Wordsworth curiously considers these three successive unctions of David figurative of the successive unctions of Christ: conceived by the Holy Ghost in the Virgin's womb; then anointed publicly at his baptism; and finally, set at God's right hand as King of the Universal Church in the heavenly Jerusalem.

Verses 3-5. - Call Jesse to the sacrifice. The word used is zebach, and means a sacrifice followed by a feast, at which all the elders of the town, and with them Jesse and his elder sons, would be present by the prophet's invitation. It is plain that such sacrifices were not unusual, or Saul would have demanded a reason for Samuel's conduct. As the ark remained so long in obscurity at Kirjath-jearim, and the solemn services of the tabernacle were not restored until Saul at some period of his reign removed it to Nob, possibly Samuel may have instituted this practice of occasionally holding sacrifices, now at one place and now at another, to keep alive a sense of religion in the hearts of the people; and probably on such occasions he taught them the great truths of the law, thus combining in his person the offices of prophet and priest. Nevertheless, the elders of the town trembled at his coming. More literally, "went with trembling to meet him." Very probably such visitations often took place because some crime had been committed into which Samuel wished to inquire, or because the people had been negligent in some duty. And though conscious of no such fault, yet at the coming of one of such high rank their minds foreboded evil. He quiets, however, their fears and bids them sanctify themselves; i.e. they were to wash and purify themselves, and abstain from everything unclean, and put on their festal garments (Exodus 19:10; and comp. 1 Samuel 21:5). It is added, He sanctified Jesse and his sons, i.e. he took especial care that no legal impurity on their part should stand in the way of the execution of his errand. And call Jesse to the sacrifice,.... His family, both him and his sons, to partake of the peace offerings; as every offerer had a right to invite his friends, and whomsoever he pleased, to eat of those parts of them which belonged to him, as a feast before the Lord:

and I will show thee what thou shall do; when Jesse and his family were with him:

and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name unto thee; that is, anoint him to be king over Israel, whom he should point out so plainly to him, as if he called him by name. 3. call Jesse to the sacrifice—that is, the social feast that followed the peace offering. Samuel, being the offerer, had a right to invite any guest he pleased.16:1-5 It appears that Saul was grown very wicked. Of what would he not be guilty, who durst think to kill Samuel? The elders of Bethlehem trembled at Samuel's coming. It becomes us to stand in awe of God's messengers, and to tremble at his word. His answer was, I come peaceably, for I come to sacrifice. When our Lord Jesus came into the world, though men had reason to fear that his errand was to condemn the world, yet he gave full assurance that he came peaceably, for he came to sacrifice, and he brought his offering with him; A body hast thou prepared me. Let us sanctify ourselves, and depend upon His sacrifice.
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