Presume
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (v. t.) To assume or take beforehand; esp., to do or undertake without leave or authority previously obtained.

2. (v. t.) To take or suppose to be true, or entitled to belief, without examination or proof, or on the strength of probability; to take for granted; to infer; to suppose.

3. (v. i.) To suppose or assume something to be, or to be true, on grounds deemed valid, though not amounting to proof; to believe by anticipation; to infer; as, we may presume too far.

4. (v. i.) To venture, go, or act, by an assumption of leave or authority not granted; to go beyond what is warranted by the circumstances of the case; to venture beyond license; to take liberties; -- often with on or upon before the ground of confidence.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
PRESUME; PRESUMPTUOUS; PRESUMPTUOUSLY

pre-zum', pre-zump'-tu-us, pre-zump'-tu-us-li: "To presume" ("to take or go beforehand") is to speak or act without warrant or proudly. In the Old Testament the words are for the most part the translation of zudh, and zidh, "to boil up" (as water), and derivatives; hence, to act proudly, to speak unauthorizedly, etc. (Deuteronomy 18:20, 22, of the prophet; Exodus 21:14 Deuteronomy 1:43; Deuteronomy 17:12, 13 Psalm 19:13, "presumptuous sins" (zedh, "proud"); compare Psalm 86:14; Psalm 119:21, etc.; Proverbs 21:24, etc.). Other words are male', "to fill," "to be full" (Esther 7:5, "presume"); `aphal, "to lift oneself up" (Numbers 14:44); beyadh ramah, "with a high hand" (Numbers 15:30, the Revised Version (British and American) "with a high hand"); in 2 Peter 2:10 tolmetes, "bold," "daring," is translated "presumptuous," the Revised Version (British and American) "daring"; in 2 Maccabees 3:24; 5:15 we have katatolmao; thrasus, is rendered "presumption" in 2 Maccabees 5:18, the Revised Version (British and American) "daring deed."

W. L. Walker

Greek
5274. hupolambano -- to take or bear up, to receive, to assume
... and lambano; to take from below, ie Carry upward; figuratively, to take up, ie Continue
a discourse or topic; mentally, to assume (presume) -- answer, receive ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5274.htm - 7k

5111. tolmao -- to have courage, to be bold
... Word Usage am...bold (1), bold (2), courageous (1), dare (4), dared (1), gathered
up courage (1), have courage (1), have...courage (1), presume (1), venture (2 ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5111.htm - 8k

Strong's Hebrew
6075. aphal -- to swell
... be lifted up, presume A primitive root; to swell; figuratively, be elated -- be
lifted up, presume. 6074b, 6075. aphal. 6075a . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/6075.htm - 5k

4390. male -- to be full, to fill
... 1), messengers (1), mount* (1), mounted (1), ordain* (4), ordained* (4), ordination*
(1), overflowing* (1), overflows* (1), passed (1), presume* (1), refresh (1 ...
/hebrew/4390.htm - 7k

3820. leb -- inner man, mind, will, heart
... 1), kindly (5), life (1), merry-hearted* (1), middle (2), midst (1), mind (36),
minds (3), myself (6), obstinate* (2), planned* (1), presume* (1), pride* (1 ...
/hebrew/3820.htm - 7k

2102. zud -- to boil up, seethe, act proudly or presumptuously or ...
... Or (by permutation) ziyd {zeed}; a primitive root; to seethe; figuratively, to be
insolent -- be proud, deal proudly, &? Presume, (come) presumptuously, sod. ...
/hebrew/2102.htm - 6k

Library

(That no Bishop Should Presume in Anything Pertaining to Another's ...
... The Second Epistle. III. (That no bishop should presume in anything pertaining
to another's parish, and of the transference of bishops.). ...
//christianbookshelf.org/unknown/the decretals/iii that no bishop should.htm

Whosoever Shall Presume to Set Aside the Decree of the Holy and ...
... Canon I. Whosoever shall presume to set aside the decree of the holy and
great Synod which� Whosoever shall presume to set aside ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/canon i whosoever shall presume.htm

No Bishop Shall Presume to Pass from one Province to Another...
... The Canons of the Blessed and Holy Fathers Assembled at Antioch in Syria. Canon
XIII. No bishop shall presume to pass from one province to another� ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/canon xiii no bishop shall.htm

If any one Shall Presume to Take the Fruits Offered to the Church. ...
... Canon VII. If any one shall presume to take the fruits offered to the Church�
If any one shall presume to take the fruits offered ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/canon vii if any one.htm

That a Man Should not Presume to Work in this Work Before the Time ...
... HERE BEGINNETH THE EIGHT AND TWENTIETH CHAPTER That a man should not presume to
work in this work before the time that he be lawfully cleansed in conscience of ...
/.../anonymous/the cloud of unknowing/here beginneth the eight and.htm

If any of the Clergy Should Fall Away, and Publicly or Privately ...
... Canon IV. If any of the clergy should fall away, and publicly or privately
presume to maintain� If any of the clergy should fall ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/canon iv if any of.htm

If any Bishop, or Presbyter, or any one Whatever of the Canon ...
... Canon XI. If any bishop, or presbyter, or any one whatever of the canon
shall presume to� If any bishop, or presbyter, or any ...
/.../schaff/the seven ecumenical councils/canon xi if any bishop.htm

Epistle xxx. To Constantina Augusta.
... and those who were present and working, monks and mansionarii [1553] , who saw the
body of the same martyr, which they did not indeed presume to touch, all ...
/.../the epistles of saint gregory the great/epistle xxx to constantina augusta.htm

Perfect Modesty Will Abstain from Whatever Tends to Sin, as Well ...
... More useful, then, is it to apprehend that we may possibly fail, than to presume
that we cannot; for apprehending will lead us to fear, fearing to caution, and ...
/.../tertullian/on the apparel of women/chapter ii perfect modesty will abstain.htm

Whether Presumption Trusts in God or in Our Own Power?
... But man's power is less than God's. Therefore it is a more grievous sin to
presume on human power than to presume on the power of God. ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether presumption trusts in god.htm

Thesaurus
Presume (10 Occurrences)
... assume something to be, or to be true, on grounds deemed valid, though not amounting
to proof; to believe by anticipation; to infer; as, we may presume too far ...
/p/presume.htm - 11k

Presumptuous (3 Occurrences)
... 3. (a.) Done with hold design, rash confidence, or in violation of known duty; willful.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. PRESUME; PRESUMPTUOUS; PRESUMPTUOUSLY. ...
/p/presumptuous.htm - 9k

Presumptuously (10 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary (adv.) In a presumptuous manner; arrogantly. Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia. PRESUME; PRESUMPTUOUS; PRESUMPTUOUSLY. ...
/p/presumptuously.htm - 11k

Liberty (32 Occurrences)
... Christians are earnestly warned not to presume upon, or abuse their liberty in Christ
(Galatians 5:13 1 Peter 2:16). James Orr. Multi-Version Concordance ...
/l/liberty.htm - 20k

Think (601 Occurrences)
... to-morrow. 6. (vt) To purpose; to intend; to design; to mean. 7. (vt) To
presume; to venture. 8. (vt) To conceive; to imagine. 9 ...
/t/think.htm - 9k

Temples (17 Occurrences)
... "Dost thou, who regardest the mere touch of an idol as a horrible defilement, presume
to rob their temples?" There is abundant evidence to show that this crime ...
/t/temples.htm - 13k

Robbers (21 Occurrences)
... "Dost thou, who regardest the mere touch of an idol as a horrible defilement, presume
to rob their temples?" There is abundant evidence to show that this crime ...
/r/robbers.htm - 14k

Results (16 Occurrences)
... Romans 15:18 For I will not presume to mention any of the results that Christ has
brought about by other agency than mine in securing the obedience of the ...
/r/results.htm - 11k

Resulting (7 Occurrences)
... Romans 15:18 For I will not presume to mention any of the results that Christ has
brought about by other agency than mine in securing the obedience of the ...
/r/resulting.htm - 8k

Dared (9 Occurrences)
... Esther 7:5 Then King Ahasuerus said to Esther the queen, "Who is he, and where
is he who dared presume in his heart to do so?" (WEB NIV). ...
/d/dared.htm - 9k

Concordance
Presume (10 Occurrences)

Matthew 3:9
Don't think to yourselves,'We have Abraham for our father,' for I tell you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones.
(See RSV)

Luke 7:7
Therefore I didn't even think myself worthy to come to you; but say the word, and my servant will be healed.
(See RSV)

Romans 2:4
Or do you despise the riches of his goodness, forbearance, and patience, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?
(See RSV)

Romans 15:18
For I will not presume to mention any of the results that Christ has brought about by other agency than mine in securing the obedience of the Gentiles by word or deed,
(WEY NAS)

Jude 1:9
But Michael, the archangel, when contending with the devil and arguing about the body of Moses, dared not bring against him an abusive condemnation, but said, "May the Lord rebuke you!"
(See RSV)

Exodus 21:14
And when a man doth presume against his neighbour to slay him with subtilty, from Mine altar thou dost take him to die.
(YLT)

Numbers 14:44
But they presumed to go up to the top of the mountain: nevertheless the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, and Moses, didn't depart out of the camp.
(Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Deuteronomy 17:13
and all the people do hear and fear, and do not presume any more.
(YLT)

Deuteronomy 18:20
But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die.
(KJV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)

Esther 7:5
Then King Ahasuerus said to Esther the queen, "Who is he, and where is he who dared presume in his heart to do so?"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV)

Subtopics

Presume

Related Terms

Presumptuous (3 Occurrences)

Presumptuously (10 Occurrences)

Liberty (32 Occurrences)

Think (601 Occurrences)

Temples (17 Occurrences)

Robbers (21 Occurrences)

Results (16 Occurrences)

Resulting (7 Occurrences)

Dared (9 Occurrences)

Durst (9 Occurrences)

Mention (41 Occurrences)

Press-vat (1 Occurrence)

Presumed (1 Occurrence)

Agency (4 Occurrences)

Securing (8 Occurrences)

Subtilty (9 Occurrences)

Ahasu-e'rus (30 Occurrences)

Ahasuerus (28 Occurrences)

Logos

Rome (12 Occurrences)

Queen (59 Occurrences)

Esther (48 Occurrences)

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