Moabite
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Easton's Bible Dictionary
The designation of a tribe descended from Moab, the son of Lot (Genesis 19:37). From Zoar, the cradle of this tribe, on the south-eastern border of the Dead Sea, they gradually spread over the region on the east of Jordan. Rameses II., the Pharaoh of the Oppression, enumerates Moab (Muab) among his conquests. Shortly before the Exodus, the warlike Amorites crossed the Jordan under Sihon their king and drove the Moabites (Numbers 21:26-30) out of the region between the Arnon and the Jabbok, and occupied it, making Heshbon their capital. They were then confined to the territory to the south of the Arnon.

On their journey the Israelites did not pass through Moab, but through the "wilderness" to the east (Deuteronomy 2:8; Judges 11:18), at length reaching the country to the north of the Arnon. Here they remained for some time till they had conquered Bashan (see SIHON; OG). The Moabites were alarmed, and their king, Balak, sought aid from the Midianites (Numbers 22:2-4). It was while they were here that the visit of Balaam (q.v.) to Balak took place. (see MOSES.)

After the Conquest, the Moabites maintained hostile relations with the Israelites, and frequently harassed them in war (Judges 3:12-30; 1 Samuel 14). The story of Ruth, however, shows the existence of friendly relations between Moab and Bethlehem. By his descent from Ruth, David may be said to have had Moabite blood in his veins. Yet there was war between David and the Moabites (2 Samuel 8:2; 23:20; 1 Chronicles 18:2), from whom he took great spoil (2 Samuel 8:2, 11, 12; 1 Chronicles 11:22; 18:11).

During the one hundred and fifty years which followed the defeat of the Moabites, after the death of Ahab (see MESHA), they regained, apparently, much of their former prosperty. At this time Isaiah (15:1) delivered his "burden of Moab," predicting the coming of judgment on that land (Comp. 2 Kings 17:3; 18:9; 1 Chronicles 5:25, 26). Between the time of Isaiah and the commencement of the Babylonian captivity we have very seldom any reference to Moab (Jeremiah 25:21; 27:3; 40:11; Zephaniah 2:8-10).

After the Return, it was Sanballat, a Moabite, who took chief part in seeking to prevent the rebuilding of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 2:19; 4:1; 6:1).

Moabite Stone

A basalt stone, bearing an inscription by King Mesha, which was discovered at Dibon by Klein, a German missionary at Jerusalem, in 1868. It was 3 1/2 feet high and 2 in breadth and in thickness, rounded at the top. It consisted of thirty-four lines, written in Hebrew-Phoenician characters. It was set up by Mesha as a record and memorial of his victories. It records (1) Mesha's wars with Omri, (2) his public buildings, and (3) his wars against Horonaim. This inscription in a remarkable degree supplements and corroborates the history of King Mesha recorded in 2 Kings 3:4-27.

With the exception of a very few variations, the Moabite language in which the inscription is written is identical with the Hebrew. The form of the letters here used supplies very important and interesting information regarding the history of the formation of the alphabet, as well as, incidentally, regarding the arts of civilized life of those times in the land of Moab.

This ancient monument, recording the heroic struggles of King Mesha with Omri and Ahab, was erected about B.C. 900. Here "we have the identical slab on which the workmen of the old world carved the history of their own times, and from which the eye of their contemporaries read thousands of years ago the record of events of which they themselves had been the witnesses." It is the oldest inscription written in alphabetic characters, and hence is, apart from its value in the domain of Hebrew antiquities, of great linguistic importance.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) One of the posterity of Moab, the son of Lot. (Gen. xix. 37.) Also used adjectively.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
MOABITE STONE

A monument erected at Dibon (Dhiban) by Mesha, king of Moab (2 Kings 3:4, 5), to commemorate his successful revolt from Israel and his conquest of Israelite territory. It was discovered, August 19, 1868, by a German missionary, V. Klein, who unfortunately took neither copy nor squeeze of it. It was 3 ft. 10 inches high and 2 ft. broad, with a semicircular top. The Berlin Museum entered into negotiations for the purchase of it, but while these were proceeding slowly, M. Clermont-Ganneau, then dragoman of the French consulate at Jerusalem, sent agents to take squeezes and tempt the Arabs to sell it for a large sum of money. This led to interference on the part of the Turkish officials, with the result that in 1869 the Arabs lighted a fire under the Stone, and by pouring cold water on it broke it into pieces which they carried away as charms. M. Clermont-Ganneau, however, succeeded in recovering a large proportion of these, and with the help of the squeezes was able to rewrite the greater part of the inscription. The last and most definitive edition of the text was published by Professors Smend and Socin in 1886 from a comparison of the fragments of the original (now in the Louvre) with the squeezes (in Paris and Bale) and photographs.

The following is (with some unimportant corrections) Dr. Neubauer's translation of the inscription, based upon Smend and Socin's text:

(1) I (am) Mesha, son of Chemosh-melech, king of Moab, the Dibonite.

(2) My father reigned over Moab 30 years and I reigned

(3) after my father. I have made this monument (or high place) for Chemosh at Qorchah, a monument of salvation,

(4) for he saved me from all invaders (or kings), and let me see my desire upon all my enemies. Omri

(5) was king of Israel, and he oppressed Moab many days, for Chemosh was angry with his

(6) land. His son (Ahab) followed him and he also said: I will oppress Moab. In my days (Chemosh) said:

(7) I will see (my desire) on him and his house, and Israel surely shall perish for ever. Omri took the land of

(8) Medeba (Numbers 21:30), and (Israel) dwelt in it during his days and half the days of his son, altogether 40 years. But Chemosh (gave) it back

(9) in my days. I built Baal-Meon (Joshua 13:17) and made therein the ditches (or wells); I built

(10) Kirjathaim (Numbers 32:37). The men of Gad dwelt in the land of Ataroth (Numbers 32:3) from of old, and the king of Israel built there

(11) (the city of) Ataroth; but I made war against the city and took it. And I slew all the (people of)

(12) the city, for the pleasure of Chemosh and of Moab, and I brought back from them the Arel ('-r-'-l of Dodah (d-w-d-h) and bore

(13) him before Chemosh in Qerioth (Jeremiah 48:24). And I placed therein the men of Sharon and the men

(14) of Mehereth. And Chemosh said unto me: Go, seize Nebo of Israel and

(15) I went in the night and fought against it from the break of dawn till noon; and I took

(16) it, slew all of them, 7,000 men and (boys?), women and (girls?),

(17) and female slaves, for to Ashtar-Chemosh I devoted them. And I took from thence the Arels ('-r-'-l-y)

(18) of Yahweh and bore them before Chemosh. Now the king of Israel had built

(19) Jahaz (Isaiah 15:4), and he dwelt in it while he waged war against me, but Chemosh drove him out from before me. And

(20) I took from Moab 200 men, all chiefs, and transported them to Jahaz which I took

(21) to add to Dibon. I built Qorchah, the Wall of the Forests and the Wall

(22) of the Ophel, and I built its gates and I built its towers. And

(23) I built the House of Moloch, and I made sluices for the water-ditches in the midst

(24) of the city. And there was no cistern within the city of Qorchah, and I said to all the people: Make for

(25) yourselves every man a cistern in his house. And I dug the canals (or conduits) for Qorchah by means of the prisoners

(26) from Israel. I built Aroer (Deuteronomy 2:36), and I made the road in Arnon. And

(27) I built Beth-Bamoth (Numbers 26:19) for it was destroyed. I built Bezer (Deuteronomy 4:43), for in ruins

(28) (it was. And all the chiefs?) of Dibon were 50, for all Dibon is loyal, and I

(29) placed 100 (chiefs?) in the cities which I added to the land; I built

(30) (Beth)-Mede(b)a (Numbers 21:30) and Beth-diblathaim (Jeremiah 48:22), and Beth-Baal-Meon (Jeremiah 48:23), and transported the shepherds (?)

(31).... (with) the flock(s) of the land. Now in Choronaim (Isaiah 15:5) there dwelt (the children?)....

(32).... (and) Chemosh said unto me: Go down, make war upon Choronaim. So I went down (and made war

(33) upon the city, and took it, and) Chemosh dwelt in it during my days. And I went up (?) from thence; I made....

(34)... And I.... "

The Biblical character of the language of the inscription will be noticed as well as the use of "forty" to signify an indefinite period of time. As in Israel, no goddess seems to have been worshipped in Moab, since the goddess Ashtoreth is deprived of the feminine suffix, and is identified with the male Chemosh (Ashtar-Chemosh). Dodah appears to have been a female divinity worshipped by the side of Yahweh; the root of the name is the same as that of David and the Carthaginian Dido. The Arels were "the champions" of the deity (Assyrian qurart), translated "lion-like men" in the King James Version (2 Samuel 23:20; compare Isaiah 33:7). There was an Ophel in the Moabite capital as well as at Jerusalem.

The alphabet of the inscription is an early form of the Phoenician, and resembles that of the earliest Greek inscriptions. The words are divided from one another by dots, and the curved forms of some of the letters (b, k, l, margin, n) presuppose writing with ink upon papyrus, parchment or potsherds.

The revolt of Mesha took place after Ahab's death (2 Kings 3:5). At the battle of Qarqar in 854 B.C., when the Syrian kings were defeated by Shalmaneser II, no mention is made of Moab, as it was included in Israel. It would seem from the inscription, however, that Medeba had already been restored to Mesha, perhaps in return for the regular payment of his tribute of 100,000 lambs and 100,000 rams with their wool (2 Kings 3:4).

LITERATURE.

Clermont-Ganneau, La stele de Mesa, 1870; Ginsburg, Moabite Stone, 1871; R. Sinend and A. Socin, Die Inschrift des Konigs Mesa von Moab, 1886; A. Neubauer in Records of the Past, 2nd series, II, 1889; Lidzbarski, Handbuch der nordsemitischen Epigraphik, 1898, 4-83, 415.

A. H. Sayce

Greek
1007. Bosor -- Bosor.
... Bosor. Of Hebrew origin (b'owr); Bosor (ie Beor), a Moabite -- Bosor. see HEBREW
b'owr. (bosor) -- 1 Occurrence. 1006, 1007. Bosor. 1008 . Strong's Numbers
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1007.htm - 6k

904. Balak -- Balak, a king of the Moabites
... Balak. Of Hebrew origin (Balaq); Balak, a Moabite -- Balac. see HEBREW Balaq. (balak) --
1 Occurrence. 903, 904. Balak. 905 . Strong's Numbers.
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/904.htm - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
1111. Balaq -- "devastator," a Moabite king
... 1110, 1111. Balaq. 1112 . "devastator," a Moabite king. Transliteration:
Balaq Phonetic Spelling: (baw-lawk') Short Definition: Balak. ...
/hebrew/1111.htm - 6k

7327. Ruth -- "friendship," a Moabite ancestress of David
... 7326, 7327. Ruth. 7328 . "friendship," a Moabite ancestress of David.
Transliteration: Ruth Phonetic Spelling: (rooth) Short Definition: Ruth. ...
/hebrew/7327.htm - 6k

1187. Baal Peor -- "Baal of Peor," a Moabite god
... 1186, 1187. Baal Peor. 1188 . "Baal of Peor," a Moabite god. Transliteration:
Baal Peor Phonetic Spelling: (bah'-al peh-ore') Short Definition: Baal-peor. ...
/hebrew/1187.htm - 6k

8116. Shimrith -- a Moabite woman
... 8115, 8116. Shimrith. 8117 . a Moabite woman. Transliteration: Shimrith
Phonetic Spelling: (shim-reeth') Short Definition: Shimrith. ...
/hebrew/8116.htm - 6k

4125. Moabi -- descendant of Moab
... descendant of Moab. Transliteration: Moabi or Moabiyyah Phonetic Spelling:
(mo-aw-bee') Short Definition: Moabite. ... woman of Moab, Moabite,. ...
/hebrew/4125.htm - 6k

4338. Mesha -- "deliverance," king of Moab
... Mesha. A variation for Meysha'; safety; Mesha, a Moabite -- Mesha. see HEBREW
Meysha'. 4337, 4338. Mesha. 4339 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/4338.htm - 6k

6834. Tsippor -- "bird," father of Balak
... 7). Zippor. The same as tsippowr; Tsippor, a Moabite -- Zippor. see HEBREW
tsippowr. 6833, 6834. Tsippor. 6835 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/6834.htm - 6k

Library

The Nations of the South-East
... The Moabite Stone has proved this conclusively. ... The conquerors settled in them,
and a mixed Israelitish and Moabite population was the result. ...
/.../sayce/early israel and the surrounding nations/chapter iii the nations of.htm

The Judges.
... Even kings had to consult them for instructions from God. Ruth the Moabite.
In contrast with the many stories of idolatry and sin ...
/.../tidwell/the bible period by period/chapter ix the judges.htm

The Devotion of Ruth
... After they had been living in Moab for some time, Elimelech died, and Naomi was
left with her two sons. They married Moabite women, named Orpah and Ruth. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/sherman/the childrens bible/the devotion of ruth.htm

Ruth the Gleaner.
... plenty of food to eat. For ten years she lived in that land, and there her
sons married Moabite girls. Then heavy trouble came upon ...
/.../anonymous/children of the old testament/ruth the gleaner.htm

The Septuagint as a Version.
... These letters belong to the old Semitic alphabet which was common to the Hebrew,
Moabite, Aramaic, and Phoenician languages, and which appears on the Moabite ...
/.../chapter v the septuagint as.htm

Whether the Judicial Precepts Regarding Foreigners were Framed in ...
... Therefore it is unsuitably commanded (Dt.23:3) that "the Ammonite and the Moabite,
even after the tenth generation, shall not enter into the church of the Lord ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether the judicial precepts regarding.htm

The Secret of Its Greatness
... It is called 'The Moabite Stone,' and was set up by Mesha, king of Moab. ... [Illustration:
First words of Kin Mesha's writing on the Moabite Stone. ...
/.../duff/the bible in its making/chapter ii the secret of.htm

Conclusion
... In race, indeed, the Jew was by no means pure; at the outset a mixture of Israelite
and Edomite, he was further mingled with Moabite and Philistine elements. ...
/.../sayce/early israel and the surrounding nations/chapter vii conclusion.htm

The Christian View of the Old Testament
... Merneptah, 128 f. Miracles, 27 f. Mission of Israel, 60 f. Misuse, 231 f. Moabite
Stone, 130 ff. Monotheism, 167 f., 218 f. Monotheistic tendencies, 167-169. ...
/.../eiselen/the christian view of the old testament/index 2.htm

The Story of Ruth, the Gleaner
... The two daughters-in-law loved her, and both would have gone with her, though the
land of Judah was a strange land to them, for they were of the Moabite people ...
/.../marshall/the wonder book of bible stories/the story of ruth the.htm

Thesaurus
Moabite (13 Occurrences)
... and Bethlehem. By his descent from Ruth, David may be said to have had Moabite
blood in his veins. Yet there ... 6:1). Moabite Stone. A basalt ...
/m/moabite.htm - 23k

Chemosh (8 Occurrences)
... On the "Moabite Stone" (qv), Mesha (2 Kings 3:5) ascribes his victories over the
king of Israel to this god, "And Chemosh drove him before my sight.". Int. ...
/c/chemosh.htm - 20k

Omri (16 Occurrences)
... In the stele of Mesha (the "Moabite stone"), which was erected in Moab about twenty
or thirty years after Omri's death, it is recorded that Omri oppressed Moab ...
/o/omri.htm - 20k

Moabites (26 Occurrences)
... mo'-ab, mo'-ab-its (Moab, mo'abh, Moabite Stone, M-'-B; Greek (Septuagint) Moab,
he Moabeitis, Moabitis; Moabite, mo'abhi; Moabites, bene mo'abh): 1. The Land ...
/m/moabites.htm - 28k

Zimri (16 Occurrences)
... Numbers 25:1-5 records how the Israelites, while they were at Shittim, began to
consort with Moabite women and "they (ie the Moabite women) called the people ...
/z/zimri.htm - 18k

Joram (26 Occurrences)
... 2. The Moabite War: Immediately upon his accession, Jehoram came into conflict with
Mesha, king of Moab (2 Kings 3:4). The account of the conflict is of ...
/j/joram.htm - 27k

Jehoram (27 Occurrences)
... 2. The Moabite War: Immediately upon his accession, Jehoram came into conflict with
Mesha, king of Moab (2 Kings 3:4). The account of the conflict is of ...
/j/jehoram.htm - 30k

Stone (290 Occurrences)
... stone a cellar. 16. (n.) To rub, scour, or sharpen with a stone. Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia. MOABITE STONE. A monument erected ...
/s/stone.htm - 54k

Mo'abite (1 Occurrence)
... Moabite, Mo'abite. Moabites . ... 1 Chronicles 11:46 Eliel the Mahavite, and Jeribai,
and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam, and Ithmah the Moabite, (See RSV). ...
/m/mo'abite.htm - 6k

Mesha (4 Occurrences)
... The exploits of Mesha are recorded in the Phoenician inscription on a block of black
basalt found at Dibon, in Moab, usually called the "Moabite stone" (qv). ...
/m/mesha.htm - 12k

Concordance
Moabite (13 Occurrences)

Numbers 22:8
And he said unto them: 'Lodge here this night, and I will bring you back word, as the LORD may speak unto me'; and the princes of Moab abode with Balaam.
(See NIV)

Numbers 22:36
And when Balak heard that Balaam was come, he went out to meet him unto Ir-moab, which is on the border of Arnon, which is in the utmost part of the border.
(See NIV)

Numbers 25:1
And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit harlotry with the daughters of Moab.
(See NIV)

Deuteronomy 23:3
An Ammonite or a Moabite shall not enter into the assembly of Yahweh; even to the tenth generation shall none belonging to them enter into the assembly of Yahweh forever:
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ruth 1:4
and they take to them wives, Moabitesses: the name of the one 'is' Orpah, and the name of the second Ruth; and they dwell there about ten years.
(Root in YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ruth 2:6
The servant who was set over the reapers answered, "It is the Moabite lady who came back with Naomi out of the country of Moab.
(WEB BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 11:1
Now king Solomon loved many foreign women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites;
(Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

2 Kings 13:20
Elisha died, and they buried him. Now the bands of the Moabites invaded the land at the coming in of the year.
(Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

2 Kings 24:2
Yahweh sent against him bands of the Chaldeans, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of Yahweh, which he spoke by his servants the prophets.
(Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 11:46
Eliel the Mahavite, and Jeribai, and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam, and Ithmah the Moabite,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

2 Chronicles 24:26
These are those who conspired against him: Zabad the son of Shimeath the Ammonitess, and Jehozabad the son of Shimrith the Moabitess.
(Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezra 9:1
Now when these things were done, the princes drew near to me, saying, The people of Israel, and the priests and the Levites, have not separated themselves from the peoples of the lands, doing according to their abominations, even of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites.
(Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Nehemiah 13:1
On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that an Ammonite and a Moabite should not enter into the assembly of God forever,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Moabite

Moabite Stone

Related Terms

Chemosh (8 Occurrences)

Omri (16 Occurrences)

Moabites (26 Occurrences)

Zimri (16 Occurrences)

Joram (26 Occurrences)

Jehoram (27 Occurrences)

Stone (290 Occurrences)

Mo'abite (1 Occurrence)

Mesha (4 Occurrences)

Phaath

Hebrew (37 Occurrences)

Ahab (85 Occurrences)

Ammonite (22 Occurrences)

Dibon (12 Occurrences)

Moab (162 Occurrences)

Aramaic (12 Occurrences)

Number (2370 Occurrences)

Kir (11 Occurrences)

Kirjath-huzoth (1 Occurrence)

Kirjathhuzoth (1 Occurrence)

Kiriathaim (7 Occurrences)

Na'omi (21 Occurrences)

Nehelamite (4 Occurrences)

Ophel (6 Occurrences)

Jahaziel (6 Occurrences)

Joshavi'ah (1 Occurrence)

Jeribai (1 Occurrence)

Jehovah (20094 Occurrences)

Jithmah (1 Occurrence)

Joshaviah (1 Occurrence)

Jer'ibai (1 Occurrence)

Languages (36 Occurrences)

Luhith (2 Occurrences)

Lachish (22 Occurrences)

Ithmah (1 Occurrence)

Firstborn (119 Occurrences)

Forehead (23 Occurrences)

Firstling (8 Occurrences)

Reapers (15 Occurrences)

Eliel (10 Occurrences)

Eglon (13 Occurrences)

Elimelech (6 Occurrences)

Elnaam (1 Occurrence)

Emim (3 Occurrences)

Eli'el (10 Occurrences)

El'na-am (1 Occurrence)

Dibongad (2 Occurrences)

Dibon-gad (2 Occurrences)

Ma'havite (1 Occurrence)

Medeba (5 Occurrences)

Mahavim (1 Occurrence)

Mephaath (4 Occurrences)

Mahavite (1 Occurrence)

Mehavite (1 Occurrence)

Madmen (3 Occurrences)

Moabitish (2 Occurrences)

Moabitess (7 Occurrences)

Phenicia (1 Occurrence)

Peor (14 Occurrences)

Bamothbaal (1 Occurrence)

Beth-diblathaim (1 Occurrence)

Benammi (1 Occurrence)

Bamoth-baal (2 Occurrences)

Ben-ammi (1 Occurrence)

Bamoth (4 Occurrences)

Beth-arbel (1 Occurrence)

Bethdiblathaim (1 Occurrence)

Bozrah (9 Occurrences)

Betharbel (1 Occurrence)

Cutters (14 Occurrences)

Chilion (3 Occurrences)

Astoreth

Ascent (32 Occurrences)

Admitted (16 Occurrences)

Ahaziah (34 Occurrences)

Astarte (2 Occurrences)

Ashtoreth (3 Occurrences)

Ar (7 Occurrences)

Arnon (23 Occurrences)

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