Genesis 49
New American Standard Bible►► 

Jacob’s Prophecy concerning His Sons

1Then Jacob summoned his sons and said, “Assemble yourselves, so that I may tell you what will happen to you in the [a]days to come.

2“Gather together and listen, sons of Jacob;

Yes, listen to Israel your father.

3“Reuben, you are my firstborn,

My might and the beginning of my strength,

Preeminent in dignity and preeminent in power.

4[b]Uncontrollable as water, you shall not have preeminence,

Because you went up to your father’s bed;

Then you defiled it—he went up to my couch.

5“Simeon and Levi are brothers;

Their [c]swords are implements of violence.

6“May my soul not enter into their council;

May my glory not be united with their assembly;

For in their anger they killed [d]men,

And in their self-will they lamed [e]oxen.

7“Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce;

And their wrath, for it is cruel.

I will scatter them in Jacob,

And disperse them among Israel.

8“As for you, Judah, your brothers shall praise you;

Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;

Your father’s sons shall bow down to you.

9“Judah is a lion’s cub;

From the prey, my son, you have gone up.

He [f]crouches, he lies down as a lion,

And as a [g]lion, who [h]dares to stir him up?

10“The scepter will not depart from Judah,

Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,

[i]Until Shiloh comes,

And to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.

11“He ties his foal to the vine,

And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine;

He washes his garments in wine,

And his robes in the blood of grapes.

12“His eyes are [j]dull from wine,

And his teeth [k]white from milk.

13“Zebulun will reside at the seashore;

And he shall be [l]a harbor for ships,

And his flank shall be toward Sidon.

14“Issachar is a [m]strong donkey,

Lying down between the sheepfolds.

15“When he saw that a resting place was good

And that the land was pleasant,

He bowed his shoulder to carry burdens,

And became a slave at forced labor.

16“Dan shall judge his people,

As one of the tribes of Israel.

17“Dan shall be a serpent in the way,

A horned viper in the path,

That bites the horse’s heels,

So that its rider falls backward.

18“For Your salvation I wait, LORD.

19“As for Gad, a band of raiders shall attack him,

But he will attack at their [n]heels.

20[o]As for Asher, his [p]food shall be [q]rich,

And he will yield royal delicacies.

21“Naphtali is a doe let loose;

He utters beautiful words.

22“Joseph is a fruitful [r]branch,

A fruitful [s]branch by a spring;

Its [t]branches hang over a wall.

23“The archers provoked him,

And shot at him and were hostile toward him;

24But his bow remained [u]firm,

And [v]his arms were agile,

From the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob

(From there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel),

25From the God of your father who helps you,

And [w]by the [x]Almighty who blesses you

With blessings of heaven above,

Blessings of the deep that lies beneath,

Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.

26“The blessings of your father

Have surpassed the blessings of my ancestors

Up to the [y]furthest boundary of the everlasting hills;

May they be on the head of Joseph,

And on the top of the head of the one distinguished among his brothers.

27“Benjamin is a [z]ravenous wolf;

In the morning he devours the prey,

And in the evening he divides the spoils.”

28All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father said to them [aa]when he blessed them. He blessed them, every one [ab]with the blessing appropriate to him.

Jacob Dies

29Then he commanded them and said to them, “I am about to be gathered to my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is opposite Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought along with the field from Ephron the Hittite as a [ac]burial site. 31There they buried Abraham and his wife Sarah, there they buried Isaac and his wife Rebekah, and there I buried Leah32the field and the cave that is in it, purchased from the sons of Heth.” 33When Jacob finished commanding his sons, he drew his feet into the bed and breathed his last, and was gathered to his people.



[a] 1 Lit end of the days
[b] 4 Or Gushing over
[c] 5 Or plans; meaning uncertain
[d] 6 Lit a man
[e] 6 Lit an ox
[f] 9 Lit bows down
[g] 9 Lit lioness
[h] 9 Lit shall
[i] 10 Or Until he comes to Shiloh; or Until he comes to whom it belongs
[j] 12 Or darker than
[k] 12 Or whiter than
[l] 13 Lit a shore of ships
[m] 14 Lit donkey of bone
[n] 19 Lit heel
[o] 20 Lit From
[p] 20 Or bread
[q] 20 Lit fat
[r] 22 Lit son
[s] 22 Lit son
[t] 22 Lit daughters
[u] 24 I.e., in an unyielding position
[v] 24 Lit the arms of his hands
[w] 25 Or with
[x] 25 Heb Shaddai
[y] 26 Lit limit; or desire
[z] 27 Lit a wolf that tears
[aa] 28 Lit and
[ab] 28 Lit according to his blessing
[ac] 30 Lit possession of a burial place

New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1971, 1977, 1995, 2020
by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved.
For Permission to Quote Information visit www.lockman.org

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Genesis 48
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