Leviticus 18:17
New International Version
“’Do not have sexual relations with both a woman and her daughter. Do not have sexual relations with either her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter; they are her close relatives. That is wickedness.

New Living Translation
“Do not have sexual relations with both a woman and her daughter. And do not take her granddaughter, whether her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter, and have sexual relations with her. They are close relatives, and this would be a wicked act.

English Standard Version
You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and of her daughter, and you shall not take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter to uncover her nakedness; they are relatives; it is depravity.

Berean Study Bible
You must not have sexual relations with both a woman and her daughter. You are not to marry her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter and have sexual relations with her. They are close relatives; it is depraved.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, neither shalt thou take her son's daughter, or her daughter's daughter, to uncover her nakedness; for they are her near kinswomen: it is wickedness.

New King James Version
You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, nor shall you take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter, to uncover her nakedness. They are near of kin to her. It is wickedness.

New American Standard Bible
You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and of her daughter, nor shall you take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter, to uncover her nakedness; they are blood relatives. It is an outrageous sin.

NASB 1995
‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and of her daughter, nor shall you take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter, to uncover her nakedness; they are blood relatives. It is lewdness.

NASB 1977
‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and of her daughter, nor shall you take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter, to uncover her nakedness; they are blood relatives. It is lewdness.

Amplified Bible
You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, nor shall you take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter to uncover their nakedness (have intimate relations with them); they are [her] blood relatives; it is an outrageous offense.

Christian Standard Bible
You are not to have sexual intercourse with a woman and her daughter. You are not to marry her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter and have sex with her. They are close relatives; it is depraved.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You are not to have sexual intercourse with a woman and her daughter. You are not to marry her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter and have sex with her. They are close relatives; it is depraved.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter; thou shalt not take her son's daughter, or her daughter's daughter, to uncover her nakedness; they are near kinswomen: it is wickedness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The nakedness of a woman and her daughter do not expose, nor of the daughter of her son, nor of the daughter of her daughter; do not come near to expose their nakedness; they are close relatives and it is evil.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The nakedness of a woman and her daughter shalt thou not uncover; her son's daughter, and her daughter's daughter, shalt thou not take, to uncover their nakedness, for they are thy kinswomen: it is impiety.

Contemporary English Version
And don't have sex with the daughter or granddaughter of any woman that you have earlier had sex with. You will be having sex with her closest relatives, and that would make you unclean.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy wife and her daughter. Thou shalt not take her son's daughter or her daughter's daughter, to discover her shame: because they are her flesh, and such copulation is incest.

Good News Translation
Do not have intercourse with the daughter or granddaughter of a woman with whom you have had intercourse; they may be related to you, and that would be incest.

International Standard Version
"You are not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter. "You are not to have sexual relations with her son's daughter or her daughter's daughter. They're near blood relatives. It's wickedness.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter; thou shalt not take her son's daughter, or her daughter's daughter, to uncover her nakedness: they are near kinswomen; it is lewdness.

Literal Standard Version
You do not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, nor do you take her son’s daughter and her daughter’s daughter, to uncover her nakedness; they [are] her relations; it [is] wickedness.

New American Bible
You shall not have intercourse with a woman and also with her daughter, nor shall you marry and have intercourse with her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter; they are related to her. This would be shameful.

NET Bible
You must not have sexual intercourse with both a woman and her daughter; you must not take as wife either her son's daughter or her daughter's daughter to have intercourse with them. They are closely related to her--it is lewdness.

New Revised Standard Version
You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, and you shall not take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter to uncover her nakedness; they are your flesh; it is depravity.

New Heart English Bible
"'You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter. You shall not take her son's daughter, or her daughter's daughter, to uncover her nakedness; they are near kinswomen: it is wickedness.

World English Bible
"'You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter. You shall not take her son's daughter, or her daughter's daughter, to uncover her nakedness; they are near kinswomen: it is wickedness.

Young's Literal Translation
The nakedness of a woman and her daughter thou dost not uncover; her son's daughter, and her daughter's daughter thou dost not take to uncover her nakedness; they are her relations; it is wickedness.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Unlawful Sexual Relations
16You must not have sexual relations with your brother’s wife; that would shame your brother. 17You must not have sexual relations with both a woman and her daughter. You are not to marry her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter and have sexual relations with her. They are close relatives; it is depraved. 18You must not take your wife’s sister as a rival wife and have sexual relations with her while your wife is still alive.…

Cross References
Leviticus 18:18
You must not take your wife's sister as a rival wife and have sexual relations with her while your wife is still alive.

Leviticus 20:14
If a man marries both a woman and her mother, it is depraved. Both he and they must be burned in the fire, so that there will be no depravity among you.


Treasury of Scripture

You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, neither shall you take her son's daughter, or her daughter's daughter, to uncover her nakedness; for they are her near kinswomen: it is wickedness.

a woman

Leviticus 20:14
And if a man take a wife and her mother, it is wickedness: they shall be burnt with fire, both he and they; that there be no wickedness among you.

Deuteronomy 27:23
Cursed be he that lieth with his mother in law. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Amos 2:7
That pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor, and turn aside the way of the meek: and a man and his father will go in unto the same maid, to profane my holy name:

it is wickedness

Leviticus 20:14
And if a man take a wife and her mother, it is wickedness: they shall be burnt with fire, both he and they; that there be no wickedness among you.











(17) A woman and her daughter.--That is, if a man marries a widow who has a daughter by a former husband, or if he forms an alliance with a woman who has a daughter out of wedlock, he is forbidden to marry also the daughter. But though this prohibition is directed against a peculiar form of polygamy. there can hardly be any doubt that, as the administrators of the law during the second Temple interpreted it, if he married either of them and she died, he could not marry the other any more, and that this prohibition did not apply to cases of illicit commerce. Criminal intercourse with one did not preclude him from marrying the other. For contracting the kind of polygamy here forbidden, the offenders were punished with death by fire. (See Leviticus 20:14.)

Verse 17. - The ninth form of incest prohibited is intercourse with a stepdaughter, or step-granddaughter, or mother-in-law. The expression made use of, Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, covers the case of a man's own daughter, and it is singular that it is only in this incidental manner that it is specifically named. But it has been already disposed of by the general command, None of you shall approach to any that is near of kin to him, to uncover their nakedness. The daughter being nearest of kin, this command was sufficient without further specification. The niece and probably the wife's sister are forbidden by the same general rule (see following note).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
You must not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

have sexual relations with both
עֶרְוַ֥ת (‘er·waṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 6172: Nakedness

a woman
אִשָּׁ֛ה (’iš·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 802: Woman, wife, female

and her daughter.
וּבִתָּ֖הּ (ū·ḇit·tāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 1323: A daughter

You are not
לֹ֤א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

to marry
תִקַּח֙ (ṯiq·qaḥ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 3947: To take

her son’s
בְּנָ֞הּ (bə·nāh)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 1121: A son

daughter
בַּת־ (baṯ-)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 1323: A daughter

or her daughter’s
בַּת־ (baṯ-)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 1323: A daughter

daughter
בִּתָּ֗הּ (bit·tāh)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 1323: A daughter

and have sexual relations with
לְגַלּ֣וֹת (lə·ḡal·lō·wṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's 1540: To denude, to exile, to reveal

her.
עֶרְוָתָ֔הּ (‘er·wā·ṯāh)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 6172: Nakedness

They
הֵ֖נָּה (hên·nāh)
Pronoun - third person feminine plural
Strong's 2007: Themselves

are close relatives;
שַׁאֲרָ֥ה (ša·’ă·rāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 7608: Female kindred by blood

it
הִֽוא‪‬ (hî)
Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

is depraved.
זִמָּ֥ה (zim·māh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2154: A plan, device, wickedness


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OT Law: Leviticus 18:17 You shall not uncover the nakedness (Le Lv Lev.)
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