Joshua 9:19
New International Version
but all the leaders answered, "We have given them our oath by the LORD, the God of Israel, and we cannot touch them now.

New Living Translation
But the leaders replied, "Since we have sworn an oath in the presence of the LORD, the God of Israel, we cannot touch them.

English Standard Version
But all the leaders said to all the congregation, “We have sworn to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we may not touch them.

Berean Study Bible
All the leaders answered, “We have sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them.

New American Standard Bible
But all the leaders said to the whole congregation, "We have sworn to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them.

King James Bible
But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

Christian Standard Bible
All the leaders answered them, "We have sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them.

Good News Translation
but they answered, "We have made our solemn promise to them in the name of the LORD God of Israel. Now we cannot harm them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All the leaders answered them, "We have sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them.

International Standard Version
Then all of the leaders spoke to the entire congregation, "We have sworn to them in the name of the LORD, the God of Israel, and we cannot touch them.

NET Bible
but all the leaders told the whole community, "We swore an oath to them in the name of the LORD God of Israel. So now we can't hurt them!

New Heart English Bible
But all the leaders said to all the congregation, "We have sworn to them by the LORD, the God of Israel; and now therefore we may not touch them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But all the leaders said to them, "We have sworn an oath about them to the LORD God of Israel, so we cannot touch them now.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But all the princes said unto all the congregation: 'We have sworn unto them by the LORD, the God of Israel; now therefore we may not touch them.

New American Standard 1977
But all the leaders said to the whole congregation, “We have sworn to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel; therefore, now we may not touch them.

King James 2000 Bible
But all the leaders said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

American King James Version
But all the princes said to all the congregation, We have sworn to them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

American Standard Version
But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by Jehovah, the God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the princes said to all the congregation: We have sworn to them by the Lord God of Israel, and now we shall not be able to touch them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they answered them: We have sworn to them in the name of the Lord the God of Israel, and therefore we may not touch them.

Darby Bible Translation
And all the princes said to all the assembly, We have sworn unto them by Jehovah the God of Israel, and now we may not touch them.

English Revised Version
But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by the LORD, the God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

Webster's Bible Translation
But all the princes said to all the congregation, We have sworn to them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

World English Bible
But all the princes said to all the congregation, "We have sworn to them by Yahweh, the God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

Young's Literal Translation
And all the princes say unto all the company, 'We -- we have sworn to them by Jehovah, God of Israel; and now, we are not able to come against them;
Study Bible
The Deceit of the Gibeonites
18But the Israelites did not attack them, because the leaders of the congregation had sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel. And the whole congregation grumbled against the leaders. 19All the leaders answered, “We have sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them. 20This is how we will treat them: We will let them live, so that no wrath will fall on us because of the oath we swore to them.”…
Cross References
Joshua 9:18
But the Israelites did not attack them, because the leaders of the congregation had sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel. And the whole congregation grumbled against the leaders.

Joshua 9:20
This is how we will treat them: We will let them live, so that no wrath will fall on us because of the oath we swore to them."

Treasury of Scripture

But all the princes said to all the congregation, We have sworn to them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

We have

Joshua 9:20
This we will do to them; we will even let them live, lest wrath be upon us, because of the oath which we sware unto them.

Ecclesiastes 8:2
I counsel thee to keep the king's commandment, and that in regard of the oath of God.

Ecclesiastes 9:2
All things come alike to all: there is one event to the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not: as is the good, so is the sinner; and he that sweareth, as he that feareth an oath.







Lexicon
All
כָל־ (ḵāl)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the leaders
הַנְּשִׂיאִים֙ (han·nə·śî·’îm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5387: An exalted one, a king, sheik, a rising mist

answered,
וַיֹּאמְר֤וּ (way·yō·mə·rū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

“We
אֲנַ֙חְנוּ֙ (’ă·naḥ·nū)
Pronoun - first person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 587: We

have sworn an oath
נִשְׁבַּ֣עְנוּ (niš·ba‘·nū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - first person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 7650: To seven oneself, swear

to them by the LORD,
בַּֽיהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

the God
אֱלֹהֵ֣י (’ĕ·lō·hê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

of Israel,
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

and now
וְעַתָּ֕ה (wə·‘at·tāh)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 6258: At this time

we cannot
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

touch
לִנְגֹּ֥עַ (lin·gō·a‘)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5060: To touch, lay the hand upon, to reach, violently, to strike

them.
בָּהֶֽם׃ (bā·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew
(19) We have sworn unto them . . . therefore we may not touch them.--Although the covenant was obtained from the Israelites by false pretences, yet, being made in the name of Jehovah, it could not be broken; it was His covenant. "He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not," is commended in Psalm 15:4. We should notice that the law of Jehovah had raised the tone of morality in this particular. There are many Christians who would not hesitate to repudiate an agreement concluded under false pretences.

9:14-21 The Israelites, having examined the provisions of the Gibeonites, hastily concluded that they confirmed their account. We make more haste than good speed, when we stay not to take God with us, and do not consult him by the word and prayer. The fraud was soon found out. A lying tongue is but for a moment. Had the oath been in itself unlawful, it would not have been binding; for no obligation can render it our duty to commit a sin. But it was not unlawful to spare the Canaanites who submitted, and left idolatry, desiring only that their lives might be spared. A citizen of Zion swears to his own hurt, and changes not, Ps 15:4. Joshua and the princes, when they found that they had been deceived, did not apply to Eleazar the high priest to be freed from their engagement, much less did they pretend that no faith is to be kept with those to whom they had sworn. Let this convince us how we ought to keep our promises, and make good our bargains; and what conscience we ought to make of our words.
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Alphabetical: all and answered but by cannot congregation given God have Israel leaders LORD now oath of our said sworn the them to touch We whole

OT History: Joshua 9:19 But all the princes said to all (Josh. Jos) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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