Joshua 9:19
New International Version
but all the leaders answered, “We have given them our oath by the LORD, the God of Israel, and we cannot touch them now.

New Living Translation
But the leaders replied, “Since we have sworn an oath in the presence of the LORD, the God of Israel, we cannot touch them.

English Standard Version
But all the leaders said to all the congregation, “We have sworn to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we may not touch them.

Berean Study Bible
All the leaders answered, “We have sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them.

King James Bible
But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

New King James Version
Then all the rulers said to all the congregation, “We have sworn to them by the LORD God of Israel; now therefore, we may not touch them.

New American Standard Bible
But all the leaders said to the whole congregation, “We have sworn to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them.

NASB 1995
But all the leaders said to the whole congregation, “We have sworn to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them.

NASB 1977
But all the leaders said to the whole congregation, “We have sworn to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them.

Amplified Bible
But all the leaders said to the whole congregation, “We have sworn to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, so now we cannot touch them.

Christian Standard Bible
All the leaders answered them, “We have sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All the leaders answered them, “We have sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them.

American Standard Version
But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by Jehovah, the God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the Princes of the assembly were saying : “We swore to them by LORD JEHOVAH the God of Israel, therefore we cannot harm them

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the princes said to all the congregation: We have sworn to them by the Lord God of Israel, and now we shall not be able to touch them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they answered them: We have sworn to them in the name of the Lord the God of Israel, and therefore we may not touch them.

English Revised Version
But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by the LORD, the God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

Good News Translation
but they answered, "We have made our solemn promise to them in the name of the LORD God of Israel. Now we cannot harm them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But all the leaders said to them, "We have sworn an oath about them to the LORD God of Israel, so we cannot touch them now.

International Standard Version
Then all of the leaders spoke to the entire congregation, "We have sworn to them in the name of the LORD, the God of Israel, and we cannot touch them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But all the princes said unto all the congregation: 'We have sworn unto them by the LORD, the God of Israel; now therefore we may not touch them.

Literal Standard Version
And all the princes say to all the congregation, “We have sworn to them by YHWH, God of Israel; and now, we are not able to come against them;

NET Bible
but all the leaders told the whole community, "We swore an oath to them in the name of the LORD God of Israel. So now we can't hurt them!

New Heart English Bible
But all the leaders said to all the congregation, "We have sworn to them by the LORD, the God of Israel; and now therefore we may not touch them.

World English Bible
But all the princes said to all the congregation, "We have sworn to them by Yahweh, the God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

Young's Literal Translation
And all the princes say unto all the company, 'We -- we have sworn to them by Jehovah, God of Israel; and now, we are not able to come against them;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Deceit of the Gibeonites
18But the Israelites did not attack them, because the leaders of the congregation had sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel. And the whole congregation grumbled against the leaders. 19All the leaders answered, “We have sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them. 20This is how we will treat them: We will let them live, so that no wrath will fall on us because of the oath we swore to them.”…

Cross References
Joshua 9:18
But the Israelites did not attack them, because the leaders of the congregation had sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel. And the whole congregation grumbled against the leaders.

Joshua 9:20
This is how we will treat them: We will let them live, so that no wrath will fall on us because of the oath we swore to them."


Treasury of Scripture

But all the princes said to all the congregation, We have sworn to them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

We have

Joshua 9:20
This we will do to them; we will even let them live, lest wrath be upon us, because of the oath which we sware unto them.

Ecclesiastes 8:2
I counsel thee to keep the king's commandment, and that in regard of the oath of God.

Ecclesiastes 9:2
All things come alike to all: there is one event to the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not: as is the good, so is the sinner; and he that sweareth, as he that feareth an oath.









(19) We have sworn unto them . . . therefore we may not touch them.--Although the covenant was obtained from the Israelites by false pretences, yet, being made in the name of Jehovah, it could not be broken; it was His covenant. "He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not," is commended in Psalm 15:4. We should notice that the law of Jehovah had raised the tone of morality in this particular. There are many Christians who would not hesitate to repudiate an agreement concluded under false pretences.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
All
כָל־ (ḵāl)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the leaders
הַנְּשִׂיאִים֙ (han·nə·śî·’îm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 5387: An exalted one, a king, sheik, a rising mist

answered,
וַיֹּאמְר֤וּ (way·yō·mə·rū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 559: To utter, say

“We
אֲנַ֙חְנוּ֙ (’ă·naḥ·nū)
Pronoun - first person common plural
Strong's 587: We

have sworn an oath
נִשְׁבַּ֣עְנוּ (niš·ba‘·nū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - first person common plural
Strong's 7650: To seven oneself, swear

to them by the LORD,
בַּֽיהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

the God
אֱלֹהֵ֣י (’ĕ·lō·hê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

of Israel,
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

and now
וְעַתָּ֕ה (wə·‘at·tāh)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb
Strong's 6258: At this time

we cannot
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

touch
לִנְגֹּ֥עַ (lin·gō·a‘)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 5060: To touch, lay the hand upon, to reach, violently, to strike

them.
בָּהֶֽם׃ (bā·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew


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OT History: Joshua 9:19 But all the princes said to all (Josh. Jos)
Joshua 9:18
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