Joshua 13:31
New International Version
half of Gilead, and Ashtaroth and Edrei (the royal cities of Og in Bashan). This was for the descendants of Makir son of Manasseh—for half of the sons of Makir, according to their clans.

New Living Translation
It also included half of Gilead and King Og’s royal cities of Ashtaroth and Edrei. All this was given to the clans of the descendants of Makir, who was Manasseh’s son.

English Standard Version
and half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan. These were allotted to the people of Machir the son of Manasseh for the half of the people of Machir according to their clans.

Berean Study Bible
half of Gilead; and Ashtaroth and Edrei, the royal cities of Og in Bashan. All this was for the clans of the descendants of Machir son of Manasseh, that is, half of the descendants of Machir.

King James Bible
And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were pertaining unto the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, even to the one half of the children of Machir by their families.

New King James Version
half of Gilead, and Ashtaroth and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, for half of the children of Machir according to their families.

New American Standard Bible
also half of Gilead, with Ashtaroth and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the sons of Machir the son of Manasseh, for half of the sons of Machir according to their families.

NASB 1995
also half of Gilead, with Ashtaroth and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the sons of Machir the son of Manasseh, for half of the sons of Machir according to their families.

NASB 1977
also half of Gilead, with Ashtaroth and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the sons of Machir the son of Manasseh, for half of the sons of Machir according to their families.

Amplified Bible
also half of Gilead, with Ashtaroth and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan; these were for the sons of Machir the son of Manasseh, for half of the sons of Machir according to their families (clans).

Christian Standard Bible
But half of Gilead, and Og’s royal cities in Bashan—Ashtaroth and Edrei—are for the descendants of Machir son of Manasseh (that is, half the descendants of Machir by their clans).

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But half of Gilead, and Og’s royal cities in Bashan—Ashtaroth and Edrei—are for the descendants of Machir son of Manasseh, that is, half the descendants of Machir by their clans.

American Standard Version
and half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, even for the half of the children of Machir according to their families.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And a half of Gelad and of Estruth and of Ardi, towns of the kingdom of Oog that are in Mathnin, these towns and their hamlets Moshe gave to the children of Makir, son of Manasheh, to half of the children of Makir for their families

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and the half of Galaad, and in Astaroth, and in Edrain, royal cities of Og in the land of Basan, Moses gave to the sons of Machir the sons of Manasse, even to the half-tribe sons of Machir the sons of Manasse, according to their families.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And half Galaad, and Astaroth, and Edrai, cities of the kingdom of Og in Basan: to the children of Machir, the son of Manasses, to one? half of the children of Machir according to their kindreds.

English Revised Version
and half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, even for the half of the children of Machir according to their families.

Good News Translation
It included half of Gilead, as well as Ashtaroth and Edrei, the capital cities of Og's kingdom in Bashan. All this was given to half the families descended from Machir son of Manasseh.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It also included half of Gilead with Ashtaroth and Edrei, the royal cities of Og in Bashan. They were given to half the families of Machir, son of Manasseh, [for their inheritance].

International Standard Version
half of Gilead, including Ashtaroth and Edrei. The cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan went to half of the descendants of Manasseh's son Machir, according to their tribes.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, even for the half of the children of Machir according to their families.

Literal Standard Version
and half of Gilead, and Ashteroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, [are] to the sons of Machir, son of Manasseh, to the half of the sons of Machir, for their families.

NET Bible
Half of Gilead, Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities in the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were assigned to the descendants of Makir son of Manasseh, to half the descendants of Makir by their clans.

New Heart English Bible
Half Gilead, Ashtaroth, and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the people of Makir the son of Manasseh, even for the half of the people of Makir according to their families.

World English Bible
Half Gilead, Ashtaroth, and Edrei, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were for the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, even for the half of the children of Machir according to their families.

Young's Literal Translation
and the half of Gilead, and Ashteroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, are to the sons of Machir, son of Manasseh, to the half of the sons of Machir, for their families.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Manasseh's Eastern Inheritance
30The territory from Mahanaim through all Bashan—all the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, including all the towns of Jair that are in Bashan, sixty cities; 31half of Gilead; and Ashtaroth and Edrei, the royal cities of Og in Bashan. All this was for the clans of the descendants of Machir son of Manasseh, that is, half of the descendants of Machir. 32These were the portions Moses had given them on the plains of Moab beyond the Jordan, east of Jericho.…

Cross References
Joshua 9:10
and all that He did to the two kings of the Amorites beyond the Jordan--Sihon king of Heshbon and Og king of Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth.

Joshua 12:4
And Og king of Bashan, one of the remnant of the Rephaim, who lived in Ashtaroth and Edrei.

Joshua 13:12
the whole kingdom of Og in Bashan, who had reigned in Ashtaroth and Edrei and had remained as a remnant of the Rephaim. Moses had struck them down and dispossessed them,

Joshua 13:32
These were the portions Moses had given them on the plains of Moab beyond the Jordan, east of Jericho.

Joshua 17:6
because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons. And the land of Gilead belonged to the rest of the sons of Manasseh.

Judges 10:6
And again the Israelites did evil in the sight of the LORD. They served the Baals, the Ashtoreths, the gods of Aram, Sidon, and Moab, and the gods of the Ammonites and Philistines. Thus they forsook the LORD and did not serve Him.

1 Samuel 7:3
Then Samuel said to all the house of Israel, "If you are returning to the LORD with all your hearts, then rid yourselves of the foreign gods and Ashtoreths among you, prepare your hearts for the LORD, and serve Him only. And He will deliver you from the hand of the Philistines."


Treasury of Scripture

And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were pertaining to the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, even to the one half of the children of Machir by their families.

Ashtaroth

Joshua 12:4
And the coast of Og king of Bashan, which was of the remnant of the giants, that dwelt at Ashtaroth and at Edrei,

the children of Machir by

Numbers 32:39,40
And the children of Machir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead, and took it, and dispossessed the Amorite which was in it…









Verse 31. - The one half of the children of Machir. See this question fully discussed in note on Joshua 17:5, 6.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
half
וַחֲצִ֤י (wa·ḥă·ṣî)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 2677: The half, middle

of Gilead,
הַגִּלְעָד֙ (hag·gil·‘āḏ)
Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1568: Gilead -- a region in Palestine, also the name of several Israelites

also Ashtaroth
וְעַשְׁתָּר֣וֹת (wə·‘aš·tā·rō·wṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 6252: A place East of the Jordan

and Edrei
וְאֶדְרֶ֔עִי (wə·’eḏ·re·‘î)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 154: Edrei -- a chief city of Bashan, also a place in Naphtali

the royal
מַמְלְכ֥וּת (mam·lə·ḵūṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 4468: Dominion, the estate, the country

cities
עָרֵ֛י (‘ā·rê)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's 5892: Excitement

of Og
ע֖וֹג (‘ō·wḡ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5747: Og -- king of Bashan

in Bashan.
בַּבָּשָׁ֑ן (bab·bā·šān)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1316: Bashan -- 'smooth', a region East of the Jordan

[All this was] for the clans
לְמִשְׁפְּחוֹתָֽם׃ (lə·miš·pə·ḥō·w·ṯām)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 4940: A family, circle of relatives, a class, a species, sort, a tribe, people

of the descendants
לִבְנֵ֤י (liḇ·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Machir
מָכִיר֙ (mā·ḵîr)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4353: Machir -- two Israelites

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Manasseh,
מְנַשֶּׁ֔ה (mə·naš·šeh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4519: Manasseh -- 'causing to forget', a son of Joseph, also a king of Judah, also two Israelites

that is, half
לַחֲצִ֥י (la·ḥă·ṣî)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 2677: The half, middle

the descendants
בְנֵֽי־ (ḇə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Machir.
מָכִ֖יר (mā·ḵîr)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4353: Machir -- two Israelites


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Allotted Ashtaroth Ash'taroth Bashan Belonged Children Cities Clan Descendants Edrei Ed're-I Half Kingdom Machir Machirites Makir Manasseh Manas'seh Og Pertaining Royal
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OT History: Joshua 13:31 Half Gilead Ashtaroth and Edrei the cities (Josh. Jos)
Joshua 13:30
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