1 Kings 20
Holman Christian Standard Bible  Par ▾ 

Victory over Ben-hadad

1Now Ben-hadada king of Aram assembled his entire army. Thirty-two kings,b along with horses and chariots, were with him. He marched up, besieged Samaria,c and fought against it. 2He sent messengers into the city to Ahab king of Israel and said to him, “This is what Ben-hadad says: 3Your silver and your gold are mine! And your best wives and children are mine as well! ’ ”d

4Then the king of Israel answered, “Just as you say, my lord the king: I am yours, along with all that I have.”

5The messengers then returned and said, “This is what Ben-hadad says: ‘I have sent messengers to you, saying: You are to give me your silver, your gold, your wives, and your children. 6But at this time tomorrow I will send my servants to you, and they will search your palace and your servants’ houses. They will lay their hands on and take away whatever is precious to you.’ ”

7Then the king of Israel called for all the elders of the land and said, “Think it over and you will see that this one is only looking for trouble,e for he demanded my wives, my children, my silver, and my gold, and I didn’t turn him down.”

8All the elders and all the people said to him, “Don’t listen or agree.”

9So he said to Ben-hadad’s messengers, “Say to my lord the king, ‘Everything you demanded of your servant the first time, I will do, but this thing I cannot do.’ ” So the messengers left and took word back to him.

10Then Ben-hadad sent messengers to him and said, “May the gods punish me and do so severelyf if Samaria’s dustg amounts to a handful for each of the people who follow me.”

11The king of Israel answered, “Say this: ‘Don’t let the one who puts on his armor boasth like the one who takes it off.’ ”

12When Ben-hadad heard this response, while he and the kings were drinkingi in the tents, he said to his servants, “Take your positions.” So they took their positions against the city.

13A prophet came to Ahab king of Israel and said, “This is what the LORD says: ‘Do you see this entire great army? Watch, I am handing it over to you today so that you may know that I am Yahweh.’ ”j

14Ahab asked, “By whom? ”

And the prophet said, “This is what the LORD says: ‘By the young men of the provincial leaders.’ ”

Then he asked, “Who is to start the battle? ”k

He said, “You.”

15So Ahab counted the young men of the provincial leaders, and there were 232. After them he counted all the Israelite troops: 7,000.l 16They marched out at noon while Ben-hadad and the 32 kingsm who were helping him were getting drunk in the tents. 17The young men of the provincial leaders marched out first. Then Ben-hadad sent out scouts, and they reported to him, saying, “Men are marching out of Samaria.”n

18So he said, “If they have marched out in peace,o take them alive, and if they have marched out for battle, take them alive.”

19The young men of the provincial leaders and the army behind them marched out from the city, 20and each one struck down his opponent.p So the Arameans fled and Israel pursued them,q but Ben-hadad king of Aram escaped on a horse with the cavalry. 21Then the king of Israel marched out and attacked the cavalry and the chariots. He inflicted a great slaughter on Aram.

22The prophet approached the king of Israel and said to him, “Go and strengthen yourself, then consider what you should do, for in the springr the king of Aram will march against you.”

23Now the king of Aram’s servants said to him, “Their gods are gods of the hill country.s That’s why they were stronger than we were. Instead, we should fight with them on the plain; then we will certainly be stronger than they will be. 24Also do this: remove each king from his position and appoint captains in their place. 25Raise another army for yourself like the army you lost — horse for horse, chariot for chariot — and let’s fight with them on the plain; and we will certainly be stronger than they will be.” The king listened to them and did so.

26In the spring, Ben-hadad mobilized the Arameans and went up to Aphekt to battle Israel. 27The Israelites mobilized, gathered supplies, and went to fight them. The Israelites camped in front of them like two little flocks of goats, while the Arameans filled the landscape.u

28Then the man of Godv approached and said to the king of Israel, “This is what the LORD says: ‘Because the Arameans have said: Yahweh is a god of the mountains and not a god of the valleys,w I will hand over all this great army to you. Then you will know that I am the LORD.’ ”x

29They camped opposite each other for seven days. On the seventh day,y the battle took place, and the Israelites struck down the Arameans — 100,000 foot soldiers in one day. 30The ones who remained fled into the city of Aphek, and the wall fell on those 27,000 remaining men.

Ben-hadad also fled and went into an inner roomz in the city. 31His servants said to him, “Consider this: we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings. So let’s put sackcloth around our waistsaa and ropes around our heads, and let’s go out to the king of Israel. Perhaps he will spare your life.”

32So they dressed with sackcloth around their waists and ropes around their heads, went to the king of Israel, and said, “Your servant Ben-hadad says, ‘Please spare my life.’ ”

So he said, “Is he still alive? He is my brother.”

33Now the men were looking for a sign of hope, so they quickly picked up on thisab and responded, “Yes, it is your brother Ben-hadad.”

Then he said, “Go and bring him.”

So Ben-hadad came out to him, and Ahab had him come up into the chariot. 34Then Ben-hadad said to him, “I restore to you the cities that my father took from your father,ac and you may set up marketplaces for yourself in Damascus, like my father set up in Samaria.”ad

Ahab responded, “On the basis of this treaty, I release you.” So he made a treaty with him and released him.

Ahab Rebuked by the Lord

35One of the sons of the prophetsae said to his fellow prophet by the word of the LORD, “Strike me! ” But the man refused to strike him.

36He told him, “Because you did not listen to the voice of the LORD, mark my words: When you leave me, a lion will kill you.”af When he left him, a lion attacked and killed him.

37The prophet found another man and said to him, “Strike me! ” So the man struck him, inflicting a wound. 38Then the prophet went and waited for the king on the road. He disguisedag himself with a bandage over his eyes. 39As the king was passing by, he cried out to the king and said, “Your servant marched out into the middle of the battle. Suddenly, a man turned aside and brought someone to me and said, ‘Guard this man! If he is ever missing, it will be your life in place of his life,ah or you will weigh out 75 poundsai of silver.’ 40But while your servant was busy here and there, he disappeared.”

The king of Israel said to him, “That will be your sentence; you yourself have decided it.”aj

41He quickly removed the bandage from his eyes. The king of Israel recognized that he was one of the prophets. 42The prophet said to him, “This is what the LORD says: ‘Because you released from your hand the man I had set apart for destruction,ak it will be your life in place of his life and your people in place of his people.’ ” 43The king of Israel left for home resentful and angry,al and he entered Samaria.

a. 20:1 1Kg 15:18,20
b. 20:1 1Kg 22:31
c. 20:1 1Kg 16:24,29
d. 20:3 2Kg 24:14-16; Dn 1:3-4
e. 20:7 2Kg 5:7
f. 20:10 1Kg 19:2; 2Kg 6:31
g. 20:10 2Sm 22:43
h. 20:11 Pr 27:1
i. 20:12 1Kg 16:9
j. 20:13 1Kg 20:28
k. 20:14 Jdg 1:1; 20:18
l. 20:15 Jdg 7:2
m. 20:16 1Kg 20:1
n. 20:17 1Kg 16:24
o. 20:18 2Kg 14:8
p. 20:20 2Sm 2:15-16
q. 20:20 1Sm 14:13-14,22
r. 20:22 2Sm 11:1
s. 20:23 1Kg 14:23; Ps 139:7-12
t. 20:26 2Kg 13:17
u. 20:27 Jdg 6:5; 1Sm 13:5
v. 20:28 1Kg 17:18
w. 20:28 1Kg 20:23
x. 20:28 1Kg 20:13
y. 20:29 Jos 6:15
z. 20:30 1Kg 22:25
aa. 20:31 Gn 37:34
ab. 20:33 Some Hb mss, alt Hb tradition, LXX; other Hb mss read they hastened and caught hold; “Is this it?”
ac. 20:34 1Kg 15:20
ad. 20:34 2Sm 8:6
ae. 20:35 2Kg 2:3,5,7
af. 20:36 1Kg 13:24
ag. 20:38 1Kg 14:2
ah. 20:39 Jos 2:14; 2Kg 10:24
ai. 20:39 Lit a talent
aj. 20:40 2Sm 12:5
ak. 20:42 1Kg 19:16
al. 20:43 1Kg 21:4
1 Kings 19
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