1 Kings 21
Holman Christian Standard Bible  Par ▾ 

Ahab and Naboth’s Vineyard

1Some time passed after these events. Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard; it was in Jezreela next to the palace of Ahab king of Samaria.b 2So Ahab spoke to Naboth, saying, “Give me your vineyardc so I can have it for a vegetable garden, since it is right next to my palace. I will give you a better vineyard in its place, or if you prefer, I will give you its value in silver.”

3But Naboth said to Ahab, “I will never give my fathers’ inheritanced to you.”

4So Ahab went to his palace resentful and angrye because of what Naboth the Jezreelite had told him. He had said, “I will not give you my fathers’ inheritance.” He lay down on his bed, turned his face away,f and didn’t eat any food.g

5Then his wife Jezebel came to him and said to him, “Why are you so upset that you refuse to eat? ”

6Because I spoke to Naboth the Jezreelite,” he replied. “I told him: Give me your vineyard for silver, or if you wish, I will give you a vineyard in its place. But he said, ‘I won’t give you my vineyard! ’ ”

7Then his wife Jezebel said to him, “Now, exercise your royal power over Israel. Get up, eat some food, and be happy. For I will give you the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.”h 8So she wrote lettersi in Ahab’s name and sealed them with his seal.j She sent the letters to the eldersk and nobles who lived with Naboth in his city. 9In the letters, she wrote:

Proclaim a fastl and seat Naboth at the head of the people. 10Then seat two wicked menm opposite him and have them testify against him, saying, “You have cursed God and the king! ”n Then take him out and stone him to death.o

11The men of his city, the elders and nobles who lived in his city, did as Jezebel had commanded them, as was written in the letters she had sent them. 12They proclaimed a fast and seated Naboth at the head of the people. 13The two wicked men came in and sat opposite him. Then the wicked men testified against Naboth in the presence of the people, saying, “Naboth has cursed God and the king! ” So they took him outside the city and stoned him to death with stones. 14Then they sent word to Jezebel, “Naboth has been stoned to death.”p

15When Jezebel heard that Naboth had been stoned to death, she said to Ahab, “Get up and take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite who refused to give it to you for silver,q since Naboth isn’t alive, but dead.” 16When Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, he got up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite to take possession of it.

The Lord’s Judgment on Ahab

17Then the word of the LORD came to Elijah the Tishbite:r 18Get up and go to meet Ahab king of Israel,s who is in Samaria.t You’ll find him in Naboth’s vineyard, where he has gone to take possession of it. 19Tell him, ‘This is what the LORD says: Have you murderedu and also taken possession? ’v Then tell him, ‘This is what the LORD says: In the place where the dogs licked Naboth’s blood, the dogs will also lick your blood! ’ ”w

20Ahab said to Elijah, “So, you have caught me, my enemy.”x

He replied, “I have caught you because you devotedy yourself to do what is evil in the LORD’s sight. 21This is what the LORD says:zI am about to bring disaster on you and will sweep away your descendants:

I will eliminate all of Ahab’s males,aa

both slave and free, in Israel;ab

22I will make your house like the house of Jeroboamac son of Nebat and like the house of Baashaad son of Ahijah, because you have provoked My anger and caused Israel to sin.ae 23The LORD also speaks of Jezebel: The dogs will eat Jezebel in the plot of landaf at Jezreel:ag

24He who belongs to Ahab and dies in the city, the dogs will eat,

and he who dies in the field, the birds of the sky will eat.’ ”ah

25Still, there was no one like Ahab, who devoted himself to do what was evil in the LORD’s sight, because his wife Jezebel incited him.ai 26He committed the most detestable acts by going after idolsaj as the Amoritesak had, whom the LORD had dispossessed before the Israelites.

27When Ahab heard these words, he tore his clothes, put sackcloth over his body, and fasted. He lay down in sackclothal and walked around subdued. 28Then the word of the LORD came to Elijah the Tishbite: 29Have you seen how Ahab has humbled himself before Me? I will not bring the disaster during his lifetime,am because he has humbled himself before Me. I will bring the disaster on his house during his son’s lifetime.”an

a. 21:1 Jdg 6:33; 1Kg 18:45
b. 21:1 1Kg 20:1
c. 21:2 1Sm 8:14
d. 21:3 Lv 25:23; Nm 36:7
e. 21:4 1Kg 20:43
f. 21:4 2Kg 20:2
g. 21:4 1Sm 28:23
h. 21:7 1Sm 8:14
i. 21:8 2Sm 11:14
j. 21:8 Est 3:12; 8:8,10
k. 21:8 1Kg 20:7
l. 21:9 1Sm 7:5-6; 2Ch 20:2-4
m. 21:10 Dt 13:13
n. 21:10 Ex 20:16; 23:1; Dt 5:20; Ac 6:11
o. 21:10 Lv 24:15-16
p. 21:14 Lv 24:16
q. 21:15 1Kg 21:2-3
r. 21:17 1Kg 17:2,8
s. 21:18 1Kg 18:1
t. 21:18 1Kg 16:29; 2Ch 22:9
u. 21:19 Ex 20:13; Dt 5:17
v. 21:19 Lv 25:23
w. 21:19 1Kg 22:38
x. 21:20 1Kg 18:17
y. 21:20 2Kg 17:17; Rm 7:14
z. 21:21 LXX; MT omits This is what the Lord says
aa. 21:21 Lit eliminate Ahab’s one who urinates against the wall
ab. 21:21 2Kg 9:8
ac. 21:22 1Kg 14:10-11
ad. 21:22 1Kg 16:3-4
ae. 21:22 1Kg 12:30
af. 21:23 Some Hb mss, Syr, Tg, Vg, 2Kg 9:36; other Hb mss, LXX read the rampart
ag. 21:23 2Kg 9:10,30-37
ah. 21:24 1Kg 14:11; 16:4
ai. 21:25 1Kg 16:30-33
aj. 21:26 2Kg 17:12
ak. 21:26 Gn 15:16; 2Kg 21:11
al. 21:27 Gn 37:34; 2Sm 3:31; 2Kg 6:30
am. 21:29 2Kg 20:19; 2Ch 32:26
an. 21:29 2Kg 9:25-37; 10:6-11
1 Kings 20
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