phthonos: envyOriginal Word: φθόνος, ου, ὁ
Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine
Phonetic Spelling: (fthon'-os)
Short Definition: envy, a grudge
Definition: envy, a grudge, spite.
5355 phthónos (a primitive word, perhaps akin to 5351 /phtheírō, "decay, break-down, corrupt") – properly, strong feeling (desire) that sours, due to the influence of sin; (figuratively) the miserable trait of being glad when someone experiences misfortune or pain.
5355 /phthónos ("the feeling of ill-will") refers to the jealous envy that negatively "energizes" someone with an embittered mind. 5355 /phthónos ("ill-will") conveys "displeasure at another's good; . . . without longing to raise oneself to the level of him whom he envies, but only to depress the envied to his own level" (R. Trench, 90).
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
a prim. word
envy (7), envying (1), jealously (1).
Thayer's Greek LexiconSTRONGS NT 5355: φθόνος
φθόνος, φθόνου, ὁ, from (Pindar and) Herodotus down, envy: Romans 1:29; Galatians 5:21; 1 Timothy 6:4; Titus 3:3; 1 Peter 2:1; διά φθόνον, for envy, i. e. prompted by envy (see διαφθονος B. II. 2b.), Matthew 27:18; Mark 15:10; Philippians 1:15 (Dio Cassius, 44, 36); πρός φθόνον ἐπιποθεῖ τό πνεῦμα ὁ κατῴκησεν (but see κατοικίζω) ἐν ἡμῖν; doth the Spirit which took up its abode within us (i. e. the Holy Spirit) long enviously? (see πρός, I. 3 g.), James 4:5 (but T (WH in second marginal reading) drop the interrogative); see on the passage Grimm in the Theol. Studien und Kritiken for 1854, p. 934ff. (Synonym: see ζῆλος, 2 at the end.)
Strong's Exhaustive Concordanceenvy.
Probably akin to the base of phtheiro; ill-will (as detraction), i.e. Jealousy (spite) -- envy.
see GREEK phtheiro
Forms and Transliterationsφθονοι φθόνοι φθονον φθόνον φθονος φθόνος φθονου φθόνου φθονους φθόνους φθονω φθόνω φθόνῳ phthono phthonō phthonoi phthónoi phthónōi phthonon phthónon phthonos phthónos phthonou phthónou phthonous phthónous
LinksInterlinear Greek • Interlinear Hebrew • Strong's Numbers • Englishman's Greek Concordance • Englishman's Hebrew Concordance • Parallel Texts
Englishman's ConcordanceStrong's Greek 5355
φθόνῳ — 1 Occ.
φθόνοι — 1 Occ.
φθόνον — 4 Occ.
φθόνος — 1 Occ.
φθόνου — 1 Occ.
φθόνους — 1 Occ.
Matthew 27:18 N-AMS
GRK: ὅτι διὰ φθόνον παρέδωκαν αὐτόν
NAS: that because of envy they had handed
KJV: that for envy they had delivered him.
INT: that through envy they delivered up him