1 Chronicles 4:4
New International Version
Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These were the descendants of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah and father of Bethlehem.

New Living Translation
Penuel (the father of Gedor), and Ezer (the father of Hushah). These were the descendants of Hur (the firstborn of Ephrathah), the ancestor of Bethlehem.

English Standard Version
and Penuel fathered Gedor, and Ezer fathered Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

Berean Study Bible
Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer was the father of Hushah. These were the descendants of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrath and the father of Bethlehem:

New American Standard Bible
Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

King James Bible
And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.

Christian Standard Bible
Penuel fathered Gedor, and Ezer fathered Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, Ephrathah's firstborn and the father of Bethlehem:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Penuel fathered Gedor, and Ezer fathered Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, Ephrathah's firstborn and the father of Bethlehem:

International Standard Version
Penuel fathered Gedor and Ezer fathered Hushah. These were the descendants of Hur, Ephrathah's firstborn, who fathered Bethlehem:

NET Bible
Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer was the father of Hushah. These were the descendants of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah and the father of Bethlehem.

New Heart English Bible
and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer was the father of Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, who first settled Bethlehem.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur the first-born of Ephrath, the father of Beth-lehem.

New American Standard 1977
And Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the first-born of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Penuel, the father of Gedor, and Ezer, the father of Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.

King James 2000 Bible
And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

American King James Version
And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.

American Standard Version
and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the first-born of Ephrathah, the father of Beth-lehem.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Phanuel the father of Gedor, and Jazer the father of Osan: these are the sons of Or, the first-born of Ephratha, the father of Baethalaen.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Phanuel the father of Gedor, and Ezar the father of Hosa, these are the sons of Hur the firstborn of Ephratha the father of Bethlehem.

Darby Bible Translation
and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah: these were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, [and] father of Bethlehem.

English Revised Version
and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Beth-lehem.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the first-born of Ephratah, the father of Beth-lehem.

World English Bible
and Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

Young's Literal Translation
and Penuel is father of Gedor, and Ezer father of Hushah. These are sons of Hur, first-born of Ephratah, father of Beth-Lehem.
Study Bible
Other Descendants of Judah
3These were the sons of Etam: Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash. And their sister was named Hazzelelponi. 4Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer was the father of Hushah. These were the descendants of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrath and the father of Bethlehem: 5Ashhur was the father of Tekoa and had two wives, Helah and Naarah.…
Cross References
Ruth 4:11
"We are witnesses," said the elders and all the people at the gate. "May the LORD make the woman entering your home like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the house of Israel. May you be prosperous in Ephrathah and famous in Bethlehem.

1 Chronicles 4:3
These were the sons of Etam: Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash. And their sister was named Hazzelelponi.

1 Chronicles 4:5
Ashhur was the father of Tekoa and had two wives, Helah and Naarah.

Treasury of Scripture

And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.

Gedor.

1 Chronicles 4:18,39
And his wife Jehudijah bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took…

Joshua 15:36
And Sharaim, and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim; fourteen cities with their villages:

Hur.

1 Chronicles 2:19,50
And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took unto him Ephrath, which bare him Hur…







Lexicon
Penuel
וּפְנוּאֵל֙ (ū·p̄ə·nū·’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6439: Penuel -- 'face of God', a place East of the Jordan, also two Israelites

was the father
אֲבִ֣י (’ă·ḇî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

of Gedor,
גְדֹ֔ר (ḡə·ḏōr)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1446: Gedor -- 'wall', three cities in Israel, also a Benjamite

and Ezer
וְעֵ֖זֶר (wə·‘ê·zer)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5829: Ezer -- 'help', three Israelites

was the father of
אֲבִ֣י (’ă·ḇî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

Hushah.
חוּשָׁ֑ה (ḥū·šāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2364: Hushah -- perhaps a place in Judah

These
אֵ֤לֶּה (’êl·leh)
Pronoun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 428: These, those

were the descendants
בְנֵי־ (ḇə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Hur,
חוּר֙ (ḥūr)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2354: Hur -- four Israelites, also a Midianite

the firstborn
בְּכ֣וֹר (bə·ḵō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1060: Firstborn, chief

of Ephrath
אֶפְרָ֔תָה (’ep̄·rā·ṯāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 672: Ephrath -- an Israelite woman, also the name of several places in Palestine

and the father
אֲבִ֖י (’ă·ḇî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

of Bethlehem:
לָֽחֶם׃ (lā·ḥem)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1035: Bethlehem -- 'place of bread', a city in Judah, also a city in Zebulun
(4) And Penuel the father of Gedor.--Penuel occurs as a trans-Jordan town in Judges 8:8, and elsewhere. Here a Judean town or clan is meant.

Gedor.--See 1Chronicles 2:51, and Note; Joshua 15:58. Now the ruin called Jedur.

Ezer the father of Hushah.--Ezer occurs as a name of clans and localities, as well as of persons. (Comp. Judges 7:24, Abi-ezri; 1Chronicles 8:2, Abi-ezer; and 1Samuel 4:1, Eben-ezer.) In 1Chronicles 12:9 and Nehemiah 3:19 it is a man's name.

Hushah.--The place is unknown, but several celebrated persons are called Hushathites--e.g., Sibbechai, one of David's heroes, 1Chronicles 11:29.

These are the sons of Hur.--A subscription to the short list of 1Chronicles 4:2-4. 'Both the Shobalite clans of Zorah (1Chronicles 4:2) and those enumerated in 1Chronicles 4:3-4 were sons of Hur.

The firstborn of Ephratah.--See 1Chronicles 2:19; 1Chronicles 2:50.

The father of Beth-lehem.--At 1Chronicles 2:51, Salma, son of Hur, is called father of Bethlehem.

4:1-43 Genealogies. - In this chapter we have a further account of Judah, the most numerous and most famous of all the tribes; also an account of Simeon. The most remarkable person in this chapter is Jabez. We are not told upon what account Jabez was more honourable than his brethren; but we find that he was a praying man. The way to be truly great, is to seek to do God's will, and to pray earnestly. Here is the prayer he made. Jabez prayed to the living and true God, who alone can hear and answer prayer; and, in prayer he regarded him as a God in covenant with his people. He does not express his promise, but leaves it to be understood; he was afraid to promise in his own strength, and resolved to devote himself entirely to God. Lord, if thou wilt bless me and keep me, do what thou wilt with me; I will be at thy command and disposal for ever. As the text reads it, this was the language of a most ardent and affectionate desire, Oh that thou wouldest bless me! Four things Jabez prayed for. 1. That God would bless him indeed. Spiritual blessings are the best blessings: God's blessings are real things, and produce real effects. 2. That He would enlarge his coast. That God would enlarge our hearts, and so enlarge our portion in himself, and in the heavenly Canaan, ought to be our desire and prayer. 3. That God's hand might be with him. God's hand with us, to lead us, protect us, strengthen us, and to work all our works in us and for us, is a hand all-sufficient for us. 4. That he would keep him from evil, the evil of sin, the evil of trouble, all the evil designs of his enemies, that they might not hurt, nor make him a Jabez indeed, a man of sorrow. God granted that which he requested. God is ever ready to hear prayer: his ear is not now heavy.
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Alphabetical: and Bethlehem descendants Ephrathah Ezer father firstborn Gedor Hur Hushah of Penuel sons the These was were

OT History: 1 Chronicles 4:4 And Penuel the father of Gedor (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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