1 Chronicles 4:31
New International Version
Beth Markaboth, Hazar Susim, Beth Biri and Shaaraim. These were their towns until the reign of David.

New Living Translation
Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and Shaaraim. These towns were under their control until the time of King David.

English Standard Version
Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and Shaaraim. These were their cities until David reigned.

Berean Study Bible
Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and Shaaraim. These were their cities until the reign of David.

King James Bible
And at Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusim, and at Bethbirei, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities unto the reign of David.

New King James Version
Beth Marcaboth, Hazar Susim, Beth Biri, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities until the reign of David.

New American Standard Bible
Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and Shaaraim. These were their cities until the reign of David.

NASB 1995
Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri and Shaaraim. These were their cities until the reign of David.

NASB 1977
Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and Shaaraim. These were their cities until the reign of David.

Amplified Bible
Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities until the reign of David.

Christian Standard Bible
Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and Shaaraim. These were their cities until David became king.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and Shaaraim. These were their cities until David became king.

American Standard Version
and at Beth-marcaboth, and Hazar-susim, and at Beth-biri, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities unto the reign of David.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English


Brenton Septuagint Translation
and in Baethmarimoth, and Hemisuseosin, and the house of Baruseorim: these were their cities until the time of king David.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And in Bethmarchaboth, and in Hasarsusim, and in Bethberai, and in Saarim. These were their cities unto the reign of David.

English Revised Version
and at Beth-marcaboth, and Hazar-susim, and at Beth-biri, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities unto the reign of David.

Good News Translation
Beth Marcaboth, Hazarsusim, Bethbiri, and Shaaraim.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Beth Marcaboth, Hazar Susim, Beth Biri, and Shaaraim. These were their cities until David became king.

International Standard Version
Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and Shaaraim. These were their cities until David began to reign.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and at Beth-marcaboth, and Hazar-susim, and at Beth-biri, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities unto the reign of David.

Literal Standard Version
and in Beth-Marcaboth, and in Hazar-Susim, and in Beth-Birei, and in Shaarim; these [are] their cities until the reigning of David.

NET Bible
Beth Marcaboth, Hazar Susim, Beth Biri, and Shaaraim. These were their towns until the reign of David.

New Heart English Bible
and at Beth Marcaboth, and Hazar Susim, and at Beth Biri, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities until David became king.

World English Bible
and at Beth Marcaboth, and Hazar Susim, and at Beth Biri, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities to the reign of David.

Young's Literal Translation
and in Beth-Marcaboth, and in Hazar-Susim, and in Beth-Birei, and in Shaarim; these are their cities till the reigning of David.

Additional Translations ...
Context
More Descendants of Judah
30Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, 31 Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-biri, and Shaaraim. These were their cities until the reign of David. 32And their villages were Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan—five towns—…

Cross References
Joshua 19:5
Ziklag, Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susah,

1 Chronicles 4:30
Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag,

1 Chronicles 4:32
And their villages were Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan--five towns--


Treasury of Scripture

And at Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusim, and at Bethbirei, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities to the reign of David.

and Hazar-susim.

Joshua 19:5,6
And Ziklag, and Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusah, …

Hazar-susah, Beth-lebaoth, Sharuhen.









(31) Beth-marcaboth = "house of chariots."

Hazar - susim = "village of horses;" for which Hazarsusah is an equivalent (susah being used as a collective word).

Beth-birei.--Probably a corrupt writing of Beth-lebaoth, "house of lionesses" (Joshua 19:6), for which Joshua 15:32 has the contraction Lebaoth. There were lions in the wilds of Judah (1Samuel 17:34). (Comp. Judges 14:5; 1Kings 13:24.)

Shaaraim (two gates) is Sharuhen (Joshua 19:6), and Shilhim (Joshua 15:32). Sharuhen is known from Egyptian inscriptions (Sharuhuna).

These were their cities unto the reign of David, and their villages.--Joshua 19:6 shows that this is the right punctuation: "And Beth-lebaoth and Sharuhen: thirteen towns, and their villages."

Unto the reign of David.--Does this mean that in the age of David the thirteen cities passed from the possession of the Simeonites? Ziklag, at all events, was at that time a Philistine borough (1Samuel 27:6).



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Beth-marcaboth,
מַרְכָּבוֹת֙ (mar·kā·ḇō·wṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1024: Beth-marcaboth -- 'place of chariots', a place in Simeon

Hazar-susim,
סוּסִ֔ים (sū·sîm)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 2702: Hazar-susim -- 'village of horses', a place in Simeon

Beth-biri,
בִּרְאִ֖י (bir·’î)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1011: Beth-biri -- 'house of a creative one', a place in Palestine

and Shaaraim.
וּֽבְשַׁעֲרָ֑יִם (ū·ḇə·ša·‘ă·rā·yim)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 8189: Shaaraim -- two cities in Israel

These
אֵ֥לֶּה (’êl·leh)
Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

were their cities
עָרֵיהֶ֖ם (‘ā·rê·hem)
Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 5892: Excitement

until
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

the reign
מְלֹ֥ךְ (mə·lōḵ)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 4427: To reign, inceptively, to ascend the throne, to induct into royalty, to take counsel

of David.
דָּוִֽיד׃ (dā·wîḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse


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OT History: 1 Chronicles 4:31 And at Beth Marcaboth and Hazar Susim (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 4:30
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