Matthew 13:39
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels.

New Living Translation
The enemy who planted the weeds among the wheat is the devil. The harvest is the end of the world, and the harvesters are the angels.

English Standard Version
and the enemy who sowed them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels.

Berean Study Bible
and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels.

Berean Literal Bible
and the enemy having sown them is the devil; and the harvest is the consummation of the age; and the harvesters are angels.

New American Standard Bible
and the enemy who sowed them is the devil, and the harvest is the end of the age; and the reapers are angels.

King James Bible
The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and the enemy who sowed them is the Devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels.

International Standard Version
The enemy who sowed them is the devil, the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the angels.

NET Bible
and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels.

New Heart English Bible
and the enemy who sowed them is the devil, and the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The enemy who sowed them is Satan, but the harvest is the end of the world and the reapers are the Angels.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The enemy who planted them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the world. The workers are angels.

New American Standard 1977
and the enemy who sowed them is the devil, and the harvest is the end of the age; and the reapers are angels.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and the enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the angels.

King James 2000 Bible
The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.

American King James Version
The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.

American Standard Version
and the enemy that sowed them is the devil: and the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are angels.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the enemy that sowed them, is the devil. But the harvest is the end of the world. And the reapers are the angels.

Darby Bible Translation
and the enemy who has sowed it is the devil; and the harvest is [the] completion of [the] age, and the harvestmen are angels.

English Revised Version
and the enemy that sowed them is the devil: and the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are angels.

Webster's Bible Translation
The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.

Weymouth New Testament
The enemy who sows the darnel is *the Devil*; the harvest is the Close of the Age; the reapers are the angels.

World English Bible
The enemy who sowed them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels.

Young's Literal Translation
and the enemy who sowed them is the devil, and the harvest is a full end of the age, and the reapers are messengers.
Study Bible
The Parable of the Weeds Explained
38The field is the world, and the good seed represents the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are the sons of the evil one, 39and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels. 40As the weeds are collected and burned in the fire, so will it be at the end of the age.…
Cross References
Matthew 12:32
Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the one to come.

Matthew 13:22
The seed sown among the thorns is the one who hears the word, but the worries of this world and the deceitfulness of wealth choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

Matthew 13:40
As the weeds are collected and burned in the fire, so will it be at the end of the age.

Matthew 13:49
So will it be at the end of the age: The angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous,

Matthew 24:3
While Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately. "Tell us," they said, "when will all this happen, and what will be the sign of Your coming and of the end of the age?"

Matthew 28:20
and teaching them to obey all that I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age."

1 Corinthians 10:11
Now these things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come.

Hebrews 1:2
But in these last days He has spoken to us by His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, and through whom He made the universe.

Hebrews 9:26
Otherwise, He would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But now He has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to do away with sin by the sacrifice of Himself.

Revelation 14:15
Then another angel came out of the temple, calling in a loud voice to the One seated on the cloud, "Swing Your sickle and reap, because the time has come to harvest; for the crop of the earth is ripe."
Treasury of Scripture

The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.

enemy.

Matthew 13:25,28 But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, …

2 Corinthians 2:17 For we are not as many, which corrupt the word of God: but as of …

2 Corinthians 11:3,13-15 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through …

Ephesians 2:2 Wherein in time past you walked according to the course of this world, …

Ephesians 6:11,12 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against …

2 Thessalonians 2:8-11 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume …

1 Peter 5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring …

Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, …

Revelation 13:14 And deceives them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles …

Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that worked …

Revelation 20:2,3,7-10 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, …

harvest.

Matthew 13:49 So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, …

Matthew 24:3 And as he sat on the mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately, …

Joel 3:13 Put you in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; …

Revelation 14:15-19 And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice …

reaper.

Matthew 25:31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels …

Daniel 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands …

2 Thessalonians 1:7-10 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall …

Jude 1:14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, …

(39) The enemy that sowed them is the devil.--Here, as in the parable of the Sower, there is the most distinct recognition of a personal power of evil, the enemy of God thwarting His work. It will be noticed that our Lord, as if training His disciples gradually in the art of the interpreter, gives rather the heads of an explanation of the parable than one that enters fully into details; and it is therefore open to us, as it was to them, to pause and ask what was taught by that which seems almost the most striking and most important part of the parable. Who were the servants? What was meant by their question, and the answer of the householder? The answers under these heads supply, it will be seen, a solution of many problems in the history and policy of the Church of Christ. (1.) The enemy sowed the tares "while men slept." The time of danger for the Church is one of apparent security. Men cease to watch. Errors grow up and develop into heresies, carelessness passes into license, and offences abound. (2.) The "servants" are obviously distinct from the "reapers." and represent the zealous pastors of the Church. Their first impulse is to clear the kingdom from evil by extirpating the doers of the evil. But the householder in the parable is at once more patient and more discerning than they. To seek for the ideal of a perfect Church in that way may lead to worse evils than those it attempts to remedy. True wisdom is found, for the most part, in what might seem the policy of indifference, "Let both grow together until the harvest." That is the broad, salient lesson of the parable. At first it may seem at variance with what enters into our primary conceptions, alike of ecclesiastical discipline and of the duty of civil rulers. Is it not the work of both to root out the tares, to punish evil-doers? The solution of the difficulty is found, as it were, in reading "between the lines" of the parable. Doubtless, evil is to be checked and punished alike in the Church and in civil society, but it is not the work of the rulers of either to extirpate the doers. Below the surface there lies the latent truth that, by a spiritual transmutation which was not possible in the natural framework of the parable, the tares may become the wheat. There is no absolute line of demarcation separating one from the other till the time of harvest. What the parable condemns, therefore, is the over-hasty endeavour to attain an ideal perfection, the zeal of the founders of religious orders, of Puritanism in its many forms. It would have been well if those who identify the tares with heretics had been more mindful of the lesson which that identification suggests.

The harvest is the end of the world.--Strictly speaking, the end of the age--i.e., of the period that precedes the "coming" of the Son of Man as Judge, which is to usher in the "world," or the "age," to come.

The reapers are the angels.--What will be the actual work of the ministry of angels in the final judgment it is not easy to define, but their presence is implied in all our Lord's greater prophetic utterances about it (Matthew 25:31). That ministry had been brought prominently before men in the apocalyptic visions of the Book of Daniel, in which for the first time the name of the Son of Man is identified with the future Christ (Matthew 7:13), and the Messianic kingdom itself brought into new distinctness in connection with a final judgment. Our Lord's teaching does but expand the hints of the "thousand times ten thousand" that ministered before the Ancient of Days when the books were opened (Daniel 7:9-10), and of Michael the prince as connected with the resurrection of "many that sleep in the dust of the earth" (Daniel 12:1-2).

Verse 39. - The enemy that sowed them (ὁ σπείρας); contrast ver. 37 (ὁ σπείρων τὸ καλὸν σπέρμα). Ver. 37 states what is ever true; ver. 39 merely refers back to the enemy spoken of in the parable. Is the devil (Matthew 4:1, note). (For the thought of this and the preceding clause, see John 8:44; 1 John 3:8, 10.) The harvest is the end of the world; literally, as the margin of the Revised Version, the consummation of the age (συντέλεια αἰῶνος); when the present age shall have received its completion, and the more glorious one be ushered in (cf. Matthew 12:32, note). And the reapers are the angels; are angels (Revised Version). But it is exactly parallel to the preceding predicate, and if the insertion of our English idiomatic "the" fails to lay the stress which the Greek has on the fact that the reapers are such beings as angels (as contrasted with human workers, Matthew 9:37, 38), its omission adds a thought which the Greek was probably not intended to convey - that the reapers would be only some among the angels. gather ye together first the tares; that is, formal professors, hypocrites, and heretics; whom he will have removed out of his kingdom, his church, his field, in the world: and this order shows, that the angels will have a perfect and exact knowledge of these persons; and that their work will be to separate them from the righteous; when the churches will be pure, and without spot, or wrinkle: and this will be done first; that is, these wicked men will be first removed out of the church, before their more severe punishment takes place:

and bind them in bundles to burn them: which denotes the power of angels over these persons, the certainty and inevitableness of their ruin, their association together, and their destruction in company with one another; which will be an aggravation of their misery, which is expressed by "burning" with fire; not material, but metaphorical; the wrath of God, which will be a consuming fire, and be everlasting and unquenchable,

But gather the wheat into my barn; meaning the kingdom of heaven, which is as a garner or repository, in which none but wheat is put, and where it is safe, and lies together: so none but righteous, pure, and undefiled persons, are admitted into heaven; and being there, they are safe, and out of the reach of all enemies; and what adds to their happiness is, that they are together, enjoying all satiety and fulness; and are in Christ's barn, or garner, which he has made, and prepared for their reception. The gathering of them into it designs the introduction of the saints into heaven by angels, as their souls at death, and both souls and bodies, at the last day, when their happiness will be perfect and complete.

Matthew 13:39The enemy that sowed them is the devil,.... He that is designed by the enemy, who sowed the tares in the field among the wheat, is no other than the devil; the enemy of Christ, of mankind in general, of God's elect in particular, and the accuser of the brethren; and his getting of hypocrites and heretics into churches, is no small proof of his implacable enmity to Christ and his interest; and shows what an adversary he is to the peace, comfort, and fruitfulness of the churches of Christ,

The harvest is the end of the world; that which is meant by "the harvest", until which time wheat and tares, good and bad men, under a profession of religion, are to be together, is "the end of the world"; meaning either the day of wrath and vengeance upon the Jewish nation; when those that truly believed in Christ were separated from the rest, and that hypocritical generation of men were utterly destroyed; or else the day of judgment, the great and last day, when the heavens and the earth, and all that is therein, shall be burnt up; when the righteous will enter into life, and the wicked go into everlasting punishment:

and the reapers are the angels; the persons signified by "the reapers", who shall put in the sickle, cut down the tares, bind them in bundles, and cast them into the fire, and who shall gather the wheat into the barn; that is, who shall be the executors of God's wrath, upon wicked professors of religion, and who shall be the means of introducing the saints into the heavenly kingdom, are "the angels"; the holy and elect angels, who are the ministers of Christ, and ministering servants to them, who are the heirs of salvation; and are opposite to all secret and open enemies of Christ and his people; and will be employed in the end of time, against the wicked, and for the righteous. 39. The enemy that sowed them is the devil—emphatically "His enemy" (Mt 13:25). (See Ge 3:15; 1Jo 3:8). By "tares" is meant, not what in our husbandry is so called, but some noxious plant, probably darnel. "The tares are the children of the wicked one"; and by their being sown "among the wheat" is meant their being deposited within the territory of the visible Church. As they resemble the children of the kingdom, so they are produced, it seems, by a similar process of "sowing"—the seeds of evil being scattered and lodging in the soil of those hearts upon which falls the seed of the world. The enemy, after sowing his "tares," "went his way"—his dark work soon done, but taking time to develop its true character.

The harvest is the end of the world—the period of Christ's second coming, and of the judicial separation of the righteous and the wicked. Till then, no attempt is to be made to effect such separation. But to stretch this so far as to justify allowing openly scandalous persons to remain in the communion of the Church, is to wrest the teaching of this parable to other than its proper design, and go in the teeth of apostolic injunctions (1Co 5:1-13).

And the reapers are the angels—But whose angels are they? "The Son of man shall send forth His angels" (Mt 13:41). Compare 1Pe 3:22, "Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him."13:31-35 The scope of the parable of the seed sown, is to show that the beginnings of the gospel would be small, but its latter end would greatly increase; in this way the work of grace in the heart, the kingdom of God within us, would be carried on. In the soul where grace truly is, it will grow really; though perhaps at first not to be discerned, it will at last come to great strength and usefulness. The preaching of the gospel works like leaven in the hearts of those who receive it. The leaven works certainly, so does the word, yet gradually. It works silently, and without being seen, Mr 4:26-29, yet strongly; without noise, for so is the way of the Spirit, but without fail. Thus it was in the world. The apostles, by preaching the gospel, hid a handful of leaven in the great mass of mankind. It was made powerful by the Spirit of the Lord of hosts, who works, and none can hinder. Thus it is in the heart. When the gospel comes into the soul, it works a thorough change; it spreads itself into all the powers and faculties of the soul, and alters the property even of the members of the body, Ro 6:13. From these parables we are taught to expect a gradual progress; therefore let us inquire, Are we growing in grace? and in holy principles and habits?
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