Matthew 1:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
and Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, and Mary was the mother of Jesus who is called the Messiah.

New Living Translation
Jacob was the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary. Mary gave birth to Jesus, who is called the Messiah.

English Standard Version
and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.

New American Standard Bible
Jacob was the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, by whom Jesus was born, who is called the Messiah.

King James Bible
And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and Jacob fathered Joseph the husband of Mary, who gave birth to Jesus who is called the Messiah.

International Standard Version
Jacob fathered Joseph, the husband of Mary, who was the mother of Jesus, who is called the Messiah.

NET Bible
and Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, by whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Yaqob begot Yoseph the guardian of Maryam, her from whom was begotten Yeshua, who is called The Messiah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[Jacob] was the father of [Joseph], who was the husband of Mary. Mary was the mother of [Jesus], who is called Christ.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

King James 2000 Bible
And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

American King James Version
And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

American Standard Version
and Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

Darby Bible Translation
and Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

English Revised Version
and Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

Weymouth New Testament
and Jacob of Joseph the husband of Mary, who was the mother of JESUS who is called CHRIST.

World English Bible
Jacob became the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, from whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

Young's Literal Translation
and Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was begotten Jesus, who is named Christ.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:1-17 Concerning this genealogy of our Saviour, observe the chief intention. It is not a needless genealogy. It is not a vain-glorious one, as those of great men often are. It proves that our Lord Jesus is of the nation and family out of which the Messiah was to arise. The promise of the blessing was made to Abraham and his seed; of the dominion, to David and his seed. It was promised to Abraham that Christ should descend from him, Ge 12:3; 22:18; and to David that he should descend from him, 2Sa 7:12; Ps 89:3, &c.; 132:11; and, therefore, unless Jesus is a son of David, and a son of Abraham, he is not the Messiah. Now this is here proved from well-known records. When the Son of God was pleased to take our nature, he came near to us, in our fallen, wretched condition; but he was perfectly free from sin: and while we read the names in his genealogy, we should not forget how low the Lord of glory stooped to save the human race.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 16. - And Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary. St. Luke calls Joseph "the son of Heli." There are two ways in which these differing statements may be made to accord. The two sons of Matthan were Jacob the elder, and Heli the younger. It may be that Mary was the only child of Jacob, and Joseph the son of Heli. Then by marriage with his cousin, Joseph would become Jacob's son as well as Heli's. Or it may be that Jacob died without children, and Heli, marrying his widow according to the Jewish usage, became by her the father of Joseph, who hence would be called Jacob's son, that the elder brother's line might not die out. The points noticed above in respect of these varying pedigrees seem to be all those on which anything needs to be said with the view of comparing them. Their variety stands as a constant evidence of the independence of the two evangelists. Had either of them been conscious of the existence of the other's work. it is inconceivable that he would have made no effort to adjust the pedigree, for which he would possess means now lost for ever. They both design to give us the descent of Joseph from David, this being what a Sew would most regard. The descent of Mary from David is nowhere definitely mentioned in the Gospels, but that Jesus was sprung from David on the mother's side too we are warranted in concluding from the words of the angel to Mary (Luke 1:82), "his father David" (cf. also Delitzsch, 'Hess. Proph.,' § 17). But though we ought not to spend vain labour in attempting to reconcile these two genealogies of Joseph, we can see, from what we know of Jewish customs, grounds enough for understanding how these variations came to exist. The same Jew, we find, was often known under two names; of this we have several examples in the lists of the twelve apostles. It is possible, therefore, that in these two pedigrees there may have been more points of union than we are able to detect. Then the rule, before alluded to, by which a man took the childless widow of his deceased brother for his wife and raised seed unto his brother, may also have led to much confusion of names, which we have now no means of unravelling. The evangelists drew each his own list from some authentic source, accessible to others beside themselves, and the record of which could be verified when the Gospels were set forth. This should satisfy us that those we have received were held by the Jews soon after Christ's time to be truthful records, and that each established from a Jewish point of view the descent of the putative father of Jesus from King David. Of whom was born Jesus. This name, which, through Jeshua, is the Greek form of Joshua (for which, indeed, it stands in the Authorized Version of Acts 7:45 and Hebrews 4:8), signifies "Jehovah is help," and was not an uncommon name among the Jews, though given with marked significance at this time (see ver. 21). We find, according to the best texts, that in Luke 3:29 this name occurs in the pedigree of Joseph (where the Authorized Version has Jose), and the Revised Version has adopted that reading. (Of the way in which the name was augmented when given to the famous successor of Moses, see Numbers 13:16.) Who is called Christ. The evangelist here alludes merely to the well-known fact that Jesus was called by this name. The significance of the word, which is a translation of the Hebrew Messiah, is "anointed," and in the Old Testament it is given to priests (as Leviticus 4:3, 5, 16), to a king appointed by Jehovah (1 Samuel 24:6, 10; 2 Samuel 19:21), also to King Cyrus (Isaiah 45:1), and to some unnamed representative of Jehovah (1 Samuel 2:10). It was subsequently applied to Jesus both in the Greek form and in the Hebrew (John 1:41; John 4:25). It must, however, be noticed ( vide Bishop Westcott, Add. Note on 1 John 5:1) that it was not a characteristic title of the promised Saviour in the Old Testament, and was not even specifically applied to him, unless, perhaps, in Daniel 9:25, 26 - a passage of which the interpretation is very doubtful.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Jacob begat Joseph,.... According to an old tradition mentioned by (p) Epiphanins, this Jacob, the father of Joseph, was named Panther, and which name perhaps is originally Jewish; and it may be observed, that Joseph is sometimes called by the Jewish writers Pandera (q), and Jesus , the son of Pandira (r). It has created some difficulty with interpreters that Jacob should be here said to beget Joseph, when Joseph in Luke is said to be the son of Eli. Some have thought Joseph's father had two names, one was Jacob, and the other Eli; others take them to be two different persons, and suppose that Joseph was the natural son of the one, and the legal son of the other, either by marriage, or by adoption, or by the law of the brother's wife, Deuteronomy 25:5. But the truth of the matter is, that not Joseph, but Jesus, is by Luke called the son of Eli, as will be made to appear in its proper place. Joseph, who is here called the husband of Mary, because he not only espoused her, but, upon the advice and encouragement of the Angel, took her to be his wife, was, as is evident by this genealogy, of the house and lineage of David; though a mean and obscure person, and by trade a carpenter. Mary, which is the same name with Miriam in Hebrew, was a poor virgin that dwelt at Nazareth, a city of Galilee; yet also of the family of David, and belonged to the city of Bethlehem;

of whom was born Jesus who is called Christ, or Messiah; being that illustrious person, who was spoken of by the Prophets of the Old Testament under that name, and whom the Jews expected. We may learn from hence, what a low condition the family of David was in, when the true Messiah came; according to ancient prophecy, it was like a stump of a tree, or like to a tree cut down to the root, Isaiah 11:1 and Christ who sprung from it was like a root out of a dry ground, Isaiah 53:2. From the whole of this genealogy it appears, that Jesus was of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Judah, and of the family of David; whereby several ancient prophecies have their accomplishment, and therefore he ought to be acknowledged as the true Messiah: and also that he was of the blood royal, and had his descent from the kings of Judah, and was heir apparent to the throne and kingdom of his father David. The Talmudic Jews own that Jesus, or Jesu, as they call him, was put to death because he (s), "was nigh to the kingdom", or nearly related to it. Yea, even in that malicious book (t) they have written of his life, they represent him as akin to queen Helena, who they say, on that account, would have saved his life. And this was so clear a point, and their forefathers were so thoroughly convinced of this matter, that they would have took him by force and made him a king, John 6:15 but his kingdom was to be of another kind, a spiritual, and not a temporal one.

(p) Contra Haeres. l. 3. Haeres. 78. (q) Toldos Jesu, p. 3.((r) T. Hieros. Avoda Zara, fol. 40. 4. T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 14. 2. & Midrash Kohelet, fol. 81. 1.((s) T. Bab. Sanhed. fol. 43. 1.((t) Toldos Jesu, p. 10.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

16. And Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus—From this it is clear that the genealogy here given is not that of Mary, but of Joseph; nor has this ever been questioned. And yet it is here studiously proclaimed that Joseph was not the natural, but only the legal father of our Lord. His birth of a virgin was known only to a few; but the acknowledged descent of his legal father from David secured that the descent of Jesus Himself from David should never be questioned. See on [1203]Mt 1:20.

who is called Christ—signifying "anointed." It is applied in the Old Testament to the kings (1Sa 24:6, 10); to the priests (Le 4:5, 16, &c.); and to the prophets (1Ki 19:16)—these all being anointed with oil, the symbol of the needful spiritual gifts to consecrate them to their respective offices; and it was applied, in its most sublime and comprehensive sense, to the promised Deliverer, inasmuch as He was to be consecrated to an office embracing all three by the immeasurable anointing of the Holy Ghost (Isa 61:1; compare Joh 3:34).

Matthew 1:16 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Genealogy of Jesus
15Eliud was the father of Eleazar, Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob. 16Jacob was the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, by whom Jesus was born, who is called the Messiah. 17So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; from David to the deportation to Babylon, fourteen generations; and from the deportation to Babylon to the Messiah, fourteen generations.
Cross References
Matthew 1:15
Elihud the father of Eleazar, Eleazar the father of Matthan, Matthan the father of Jacob,

Matthew 16:16
Simon Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God."

Matthew 16:20
Then he ordered his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.

Matthew 27:17
So when the crowd had gathered, Pilate asked them, "Which one do you want me to release to you: Jesus Barabbas, or Jesus who is called the Messiah?"

Matthew 27:22
"What shall I do, then, with Jesus who is called the Messiah?" Pilate asked. They all answered, "Crucify him!"

Luke 1:27
to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin's name was Mary.

Luke 2:11
Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is the Messiah, the Lord.

Luke 3:23
Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry. He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph, the son of Heli,

John 4:25
The woman said, "I know that Messiah" (called Christ) "is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us."
Treasury of Scripture

And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

Joseph.

Matthew 1:18-25 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother …

Matthew 2:13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appears …

Luke 1:27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house …

Luke 2:4,5,48 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, …

Luke 3:23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as …

Luke 4:22 And all bore him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which …

of whom.

Mark 6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, …

Luke 1:31-35 And, behold, you shall conceive in your womb, and bring forth a son, …

Luke 2:7,10,11 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling …

who.

Matthew 27:17,22 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said to them, …

John 4:25 The woman said to him, I know that Messias comes, which is called …

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