Numbers 13:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
These are the names of the men Moses sent to explore the land. (Moses gave Hoshea son of Nun the name Joshua.)

New Living Translation
These are the names of the men Moses sent out to explore the land. (Moses called Hoshea son of Nun by the name Joshua.)

English Standard Version
These were the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun Joshua.

New American Standard Bible
These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land; but Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun, Joshua.

King James Bible
These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These were the names of the men Moses sent to scout out the land, and Moses renamed Hoshea son of Nun, Joshua.

International Standard Version
These are the names of the men sent by Moses to explore the land. Moses renamed Nun's son Hoshea to Joshua.

NET Bible
These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to investigate the land. And Moses gave Hoshea son of Nun the name Joshua.

New Heart English Bible
These are the names of the men who Moses sent to spy out the land. Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun Joshua.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These are the names of the men Moses sent to explore the land. But Moses gave Hoshea, son of Nun, the name Joshua.

JPS Tanakh 1917
These are the names of the men that Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun Joshua.

New American Standard 1977
These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land; but Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun, Joshua.

Jubilee Bible 2000
These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Hosea, the son of Nun, Joshua.

King James 2000 Bible
These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun Joshua.

American King James Version
These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua.

American Standard Version
These are the names of the men that Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun Joshua.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These are the names of the men, whom Moses sent to view the land: and he called Osee the son of Nun, Josue.

Darby Bible Translation
These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to search out the land. And Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun, Jehoshua.

English Revised Version
These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun Joshua.

Webster's Bible Translation
These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to explore the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua.

World English Bible
These are the names of the men who Moses sent to spy out the land. Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun Joshua.

Young's Literal Translation
These are the names of the men whom Moses hath sent to spy the land; and Moses calleth Hoshea son of Nun, Jehoshua.
Study Bible
Spies Sent to Canaan
15from the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi. 16These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land; but Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun, Joshua. 17When Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, he said to them, "Go up there into the Negev; then go up into the hill country.…
Cross References
Numbers 13:8
from the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea the son of Nun;

Numbers 13:15
from the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi.

Deuteronomy 32:44
Then Moses came and spoke all the words of this song in the hearing of the people, he, with Joshua the son of Nun.
Treasury of Scripture

These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua.

Oshea

Hosea 1:1 The word of the LORD that came to Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the …

Romans 9:25 As he said also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not …

Jehoshua

Numbers 13:8 Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun.

Numbers 14:6,30 And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which …

Exodus 17:9 And Moses said to Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek…

Matthew 1:21-23 And she shall bring forth a son, and you shall call his name JESUS: …

Acts 7:45 Which also our fathers that came after brought in with Jesus into …

Hebrews 4:8 For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have …

(16) And Moses called Oshea . . . --It is not distinctly stated that the change of name took place at this time. It may have taken place at an earlier period, and have been confirmed on the present occasion, as in the case of Israel (Genesis 32:28; Genesis 35:10), and of Bethel (Genesis 28:19; Genesis 35:15). On the other hand, it is quite possible that the name may have been proleptically adopted in Exodus 17:9; Exodus 17:13; Exodus 24:13; Exodus 32:17; Exodus 33:11, and Numbers 11:28. The original name Hoshea means help, or salvation. The name Joshua, or Jehoshua, means Jehovah is help, or salvation.

Verse 16. - Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua. The change was from הושֵׁעַ (Hoshea, help or salvation) to יְהושֻׁעַ (Jehoshua - the same name with the first syllable of the sacred name prefixed, and one of the vowel points modified). It was afterwards contracted into יֵשׁוּעַ (Jeshua; cf. Nehemiah 8:17), and has come to us in its current form through the Vulgate. The Septuagint has here ἐπωνόμασε τὸν Αὐσὴ Ιησοῦν, and so the name appears in the New Testament. It is an obvious difficulty that Joshua has already been called by his new name at Exodus 17:9, and in every other place where he has been mentioned. In fact he is only once elsewhere called Hoshea, and that in a place (Deuteronomy 32:44) where we should certainly not have expected it. There are two ways of explaining the difficulty, such as it is. We may suppose that the change of name was really made at this time, as the narrative seems (on the face of it) to assert; and then the previous mentions of Joshua by his subsequent and more familiar name will be cases of that anticipation which is so common in Scripture (cf., e.g., Matthew 9:9 with Mark 2:14). Or we may suppose, what is perhaps more in harmony with the course of Joshua's life, that the change bad been already made at the time of the victory over Amalek. In that case the Vav consec. in וַיִּקִרָא (and... called) must be referred to the order of thought, not of time, and a sufficient reason must be shown for the interpolation of the statement in this particular place. Such a reason may fairly be found in the probable fact that the names of the spies were copied out of the tribal registers, and that Joshua still appeared under his original name in those registers. As to the significance of the change, it is not easy to estimate it aright. On the one hand, the sacred syllable entered into so many of the Jewish names that it could not have seemed a very marked change; on the other hand, the fact that our Saviour received the same name because he was our Saviour throws a halo of glory about it which we cannot ignore. In the Divine providence Hoshea became Joshua because he was destined to be the temporal saviour of his people, and to lead them into their promised rest. These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land,.... Which is observed after the catalogue is given of them, Numbers 13:4; and this is repeated that their names may be taken notice of, which stand on record to the disgrace of the greater number of them, and to the honour of two only, Joshua and Caleb; and on the former the following remark is made:

and Moses called Oshea the son of Nun, Jehoshua; whether it was at this time that Moses gave him this name is not certain; if it was, then he is called so before by anticipation, for he is several times called so before this, and even the first time we hear of him, Exodus 17:9; wherefore Chaskuni reads it, Moses had called; but Jarchi thinks it was now given him, and that Moses prayed for him , "Jah" or "Jehovah" save thee from the counsel of the spies: the name is the same with Jesus, as appears from Hebrews 4:8; and a type he was of Christ the Saviour, whose name is so called, because he saves his people from their sins, Matthew 1:21; and brings them to heaven, as Joshua was the instrument of saving the Israelites and bringing them into the land of Canaan. 16. Oshea—that is, "a desire of salvation." Jehoshua, by prefixing the name of God, means "divinely appointed," "head of salvation," "Saviour," the same as Jesus [Mt 1:21, Margin].13:1-20 A memorable and melancholy history is related in this and the following chapter, of the turning back of Israel from the borders of Canaan, and the sentencing them to wander and perish in the wilderness, for their unbelief and murmuring. It appears, De 1:22, that the motion to search out the land came from the people. They had a better opinion of their own policy than of God's wisdom. Thus we ruin ourselves by believing the reports and representations of sense rather than Divine revelation. We walk by sight not by faith. Moses gave the spies this charge, Be of good courage. It was not only a great undertaking they were put upon, which required good management and resolution; but a great trust was reposed in them, which required that they should be faithful. Courage in such circumstances can only spring from strong faith, which Caleb and Joshua alone possessed.
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