Jonah 3:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Who knows? God may yet relent and with compassion turn from his fierce anger so that we will not perish."

New Living Translation
Who can tell? Perhaps even yet God will change his mind and hold back his fierce anger from destroying us."

English Standard Version
Who knows? God may turn and relent and turn from his fierce anger, so that we may not perish.”

New American Standard Bible
"Who knows, God may turn and relent and withdraw His burning anger so that we will not perish."

King James Bible
Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Who knows? God may turn and relent; He may turn from His burning anger so that we will not perish.

International Standard Version
Who knows but that God may relent, have compassion, and turn from his fierce anger, so that we are not exterminated?"

NET Bible
Who knows? Perhaps God might be willing to change his mind and relent and turn from his fierce anger so that we might not die."

New Heart English Bible
Who knows whether God will not turn and relent, and turn away from his fierce anger, so that we might not perish?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Who knows? God may reconsider his plans and turn from his burning anger so that we won't die."

JPS Tanakh 1917
Who knoweth whether God will not turn and repent, and turn away from His fierce anger, that we perish not?'

New American Standard 1977
“Who knows, God may turn and relent, and withdraw His burning anger so that we shall not perish?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Who can tell if God will turn and repent and turn away from his fierce anger, that we not perish?

King James 2000 Bible
Who can tell if God will turn and relent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?

American King James Version
Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?

American Standard Version
Who knoweth whether God will not turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who can tell if God will turn, and forgive: and will turn away from his fierce anger, and we shall not perish?

Darby Bible Translation
Who knoweth but that God will turn and repent, and will turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?

English Revised Version
Who knoweth whether God will not turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?

Webster's Bible Translation
Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?

World English Bible
Who knows whether God will not turn and relent, and turn away from his fierce anger, so that we might not perish?"

Young's Literal Translation
Who knoweth? He doth turn back, and God hath repented, and hath turned back from the heat of His anger, and we do not perish.'
Study Bible
Nineveh Repents
8"But both man and beast must be covered with sackcloth; and let men call on God earnestly that each may turn from his wicked way and from the violence which is in his hands. 9"Who knows, God may turn and relent and withdraw His burning anger so that we will not perish." 10When God saw their deeds, that they turned from their wicked way, then God relented concerning the calamity which He had declared He would bring upon them. And He did not do it.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 12:22
He said, "While the child was still alive, I fasted and wept; for I said, 'Who knows, the LORD may be gracious to me, that the child may live.'

Psalm 85:3
You withdrew all Your fury; You turned away from Your burning anger.

Psalm 90:13
Do return, O LORD; how long will it be? And be sorry for Your servants.

Jeremiah 26:13
"Now therefore amend your ways and your deeds and obey the voice of the LORD your God; and the LORD will change His mind about the misfortune which He has pronounced against you.

Daniel 4:27
Therefore, O king, may my advice be pleasing to you: break away now from your sins by doing righteousness and from your iniquities by showing mercy to the poor, in case there may be a prolonging of your prosperity.'

Joel 2:14
Who knows whether He will not turn and relent And leave a blessing behind Him, Even a grain offering and a drink offering For the LORD your God?

Jonah 1:6
So the captain approached him and said, "How is it that you are sleeping? Get up, call on your god. Perhaps your god will be concerned about us so that we will not perish."
Treasury of Scripture

Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?

Jonah 1:6 So the shipmaster came to him, and said to him, What mean you, O …

2 Samuel 12:22 And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for …

Psalm 106:45 And he remembered for them his covenant, and repented according to …

Joel 2:13,14 And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn to the LORD …

Amos 5:15 Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate…

Luke 15:18-20 I will arise and go to my father, and will say to him, Father, I …

Verse 9. - Who can tell? (2 Samuel 12:22). An expression of hope that the Divine, wrath may be averted by the timely repentance. It is the same form of words as in Joel 2:14, "Perhaps God would thereby indicate that he had himself put it into their mouths" (Pusey; comp. Jeremiah 18:11). If God; i.e. the one God, whom the king and his people now acknowledge as supreme, like the idol worshippers at Carmel, when they fell on their faces, crying, "Jehovah, he is the God" (1 Kings 18:39). Who can tell,.... The Septuagint and Arabic versions prefix to this the word "saying", and take them to be, not the words of the king, but of the Ninevites; though very wrongly: or "who is he that knows"; which some connect with the next word, "he will return": that is, that knows the ways of repentance, he will return, as Kimchi and Ben Melech; or that knows that he has sinned, as Aben Ezra: or that knows the transgressions he is guilty of, will return, as Jarchi; and so the Targum,

"whosoever knows that sins are in his hands, he will return, or let him return, from them:''

but they are the words of the king, with respect to God, encouraging his subjects to the above things, from the consideration of the probability, or at least possibility, of God's being merciful to them:

if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce wrath,

that we perish not? he speaks here not as nor as absolutely doubting, but as between hope and fear: for, by the light of nature, it is not certain that God will pardon men upon repentance; it is only probable or possible he may; neither the light of nature nor the law of Moses connect repentance and remission of sins, it is the Gospel does this; and it is only by the Gospel revelation that any can be assured that God will forgive, even penitent sinners; however, this Heathen prince encourages his subjects not to despair of, but to hope for, the mercy of God, though they could not be sure of it; and it may be observed, that he does not put their hope of not perishing, or of salvation, upon their fasting, praying, and reformation, but upon the will, mercy, and goodness of God. 9. Who can tell—(Compare Joe 2:14). Their acting on a vague possibility of God's mercy, without any special ground of encouragement, is the more remarkable instance of faith, as they had to break through long-rooted prejudices in giving up idols to seek Jehovah at all. The only ground which their ready faith rested on, was the fact of God sending one to warn them, instead of destroying them at once; this suggested the thought of a possibility of pardon. Hence they are cited by Christ as about to condemn in the judgment those who, with much greater light and privileges, yet repent not (Mt 12:41).3:5-10 There was a wonder of Divine grace in the repentance and reformation of Nineveh. It condemns the men of the gospel generation, Mt 12:41. A very small degree of light may convince men that humbling themselves before God, confessing their sins with prayer, and turning from sin, are means of escaping wrath and obtaining mercy. The people followed the example of the king. It became a national act, and it was necessary it should be so, when it was to prevent a national ruin. Let even the brute creatures' cries and moans for want of food remind their owners to cry to God. In prayer we must cry mightily, with fixedness of thought, firmness of faith, and devout affections. It concerns us in prayer to stir up all that is within us. It is not enough to fast for sin, but we must fast from sin; and, in order to the success of our prayers, we must no more regard iniquity in our hearts, Ps 66:18. The work of a fast-day is not done with the day. The Ninevites hoped that God would turn from his fierce anger; and that thus their ruin would be prevented. They could not be so confident of finding mercy upon their repentance, as we may be, who have the death and merits of Christ, to which we may trust for pardon upon repentance. They dared not presume, but they did not despair. Hope of mercy is the great encouragement to repentance and reformation. Let us boldly cast ourselves down at the footstool of free grace, and God will look upon us with compassion. God sees who turn from their evil ways, and who do not. Thus he spared Nineveh. We read of no sacrifices offered to God to make atonement for sin; but a broken and a contrite heart, such as the Ninevites then had, he will not despise.
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