Hosea 3:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So I bought her for fifteen shekels of silver and about a homer and a lethek of barley.

New Living Translation
So I bought her back for fifteen pieces of silver and five bushels of barley and a measure of wine.

English Standard Version
So I bought her for fifteen shekels of silver and a homer and a lethech of barley.

New American Standard Bible
So I bought her for myself for fifteen shekels of silver and a homer and a half of barley.

King James Bible
So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and for an homer of barley, and an half homer of barley:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So I bought her for 15 shekels of silver and five bushels of barley.

International Standard Version
So I bought her back for myself for fifteen pieces of silver and one and a half omers of barley.

NET Bible
So I paid fifteen shekels of silver and about seven bushels of barley to purchase her.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So I bought her for 23 ounces of silver and 10 bushels of barley.

Jubilee Bible 2000
So I bought her for myself for fifteen pieces of silver and an homer and a half of barley:

King James 2000 Bible
So I bought her for myself for fifteen pieces of silver, and for a homer of barley, and a half homer of barley:

American King James Version
So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and for an homer of barley, and an half homer of barley:

American Standard Version
So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and a homer of barley, and a half-homer of barley;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and for a core of barley, and for half a core of barley.

Darby Bible Translation
So I bought her to me for fifteen silver [pieces], and for a homer of barley, and a half-homer of barley.

English Revised Version
So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and an homer of barley, and an half homer of barley:

Webster's Bible Translation
So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and for a homer of barley, and a half homer of barley:

World English Bible
So I bought her for myself for fifteen pieces of silver and a homer and a half of barley.

Young's Literal Translation
And I buy her to me for fifteen silverlings, and a homer and a letech of barley;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:1-3 The dislike of men to true religion is because they love objects and forms, which allow them to indulge, instead of mortifying their lusts. How wonderful that a holy God should have good-will to those whose carnal mind is enmity against Him! Here is represented God's gracious dealings with the fallen race of mankind, that had gone from him. This is the covenant of grace he is willing to enter into with them, they must be to him a people, and he will be to them a God. They must accept the punishment of their sin, and must not return to folly. And it is a certain sign that our afflictions are means of good to us, when we are kept from being overcome by the temptations of an afflicted state.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - So I bought (acquired) her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and for an homer of barley and an half-homer (margin, lethech) of barley. In narrating the prophet's compliance with the Divine command, the word אֶכְּרֶהָis connected by Aben Ezra with וֶכַר in the sense of making acquaintance with; but it is more correctly referred by Kimchi to כָרָה with daghesh euphonic in the caph as in יִקְּרֵך shall meet thee. "The daghesh of the caph is for euphony as in miqdush, and the root is כַרה (Kimchi). The meaning is then simply and naturally traced as follows: to dig, obtain by digging, acquire. The price paid for the acquisition in this case was either the purchase money paid to the parents of the bride, as to Laban in the case of Rachel and Leah by Jacob, or the marriage present paid (mohar) to the bride herself. Another view represents the prophet paying the price to the woman's husband to whom she had been unfaithful, and who in consequence resigned her for so small a sum. It remains for us to attend to the amount thus paid. Fifteen pieces of silver or shekels would be about one pound fifteen shillings, or one pound seventeen and six-pence; while the price of the barley would he somewhere about the same. There were fifty or sixty shekels in a mana, Greek mina, and Latin ulna; while the maneh was cue-sixtieth of a talent (kikteer); and thus three thousand or three thousand six hundred shekels in a talent. The homer, the largest of the Hebrew dry measures, contained one cor or ten ephahs ( = ten baths of liquids = ten Attic μέδιμνοι), and the half-homer or lethec (haemi-coros in LXX.) was half a cop or five ephahs. These fifteen ephahs, at a shekel each - for under extraordinary circumstances (2 Kings 7:1) we read of" two measures of barley for a shekel" - would be equivalent to one pound fifteen or seventeen shillings and sixpence. Both together - the silver and the barley - would amount to thirty shekels, or three pounds and ten or fifteen shillings. Why this exact amount? and why such particularity in the reckoning? By turning to Exodus 21:32 we learn that thirty shekels were the estimated value of a manservant or maidservant; for it is there stated that "if the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant, he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver." The price paid by the prophet partly in money and partly in kind was exactly the price of an ordinary maidservant. The barley (שְׂעֹרִים, plural, equivalent to "grains of barley") may hint the woman's unchastity, as it was the offering for a woman suspected of adultery (Numbers 5.) The low estate of the person purchased is a legitimate inference kern all this. The wife, for whom such a paltry sum should be paid, and paid in such a way, or to whom such a petty gift would be offered, must be supposed to be in a condition of deep depression or in circumstances of great distress. Thus the sum paid by the prophet for his partner symbolizes the servile state of Israel when Jehovah chose them for his peculiar people.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver,.... Or, "fifteen shekels", which was about one pound seventeen shillings and six pence of our money, reckoning a shekel at two shillings and six pence; though some make it to be but two shillings and four pence; this was but half the price of a servant, Exodus 21:32, and alludes to the dowry which men used to give to women at their marriage; see 1 Samuel 18:25. The word here used has the signification of digging; hence the Vulgate Latin version renders it, "I dug her"; and the abettors and defenders of it think it refers to the digging, or boring the ears of a servant that chose to continue with his master, Exodus 21:6, but the word is used in the sense of buying, Genesis 1:5, and so Jarchi says it has the sense of merchandise or bargaining; and in the sea coasts he observes, that they call a purchase, Perhaps the word is better rendered by the Septuagint and Arabic versions, "hired"; and "cara" in the Arabic language signifies "to hire"; so it is used in Acts 28:30. So with the Turks, as Monsieur Thevenot (f) observes, a letter out of beasts to hire is called "moucre" or "moukir", which comes from the Arabic word "kira", he says, which signifies to let or hire; and is here fitly used of a harlot. The Jews have many whims and fancies about these fifteen pieces of silver. The Targum, and Pesikta in Jarchi, take them to respect the fifteenth day of Nisan, on which the Israelites were redeemed out of Egypt; according to Aben Ezra, they design the fifteen kings of Judah, from Rehoboam to the captivity, reckoning the sons of Josiah as one, being brethren; according to others, in Kimchi, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and the twelve tribes; and, according to Abarbinel, the fifteen prophets that prophesied of the redemption:

and for an homer of barley, and an half homer of barley; a "homer" held ten "ephahs", and a "lethec", or "half homer", five "ephahs", or so many bushels, these making the number fifteen: again, according to Saadiah, they design Moses, Aaron, and Miriam, and the twelve tribes; and, according to Aben Ezra, the number of the high priests in the kingdom of Judah and Jerusalem, a homer making thirty seahs, and a half homer fifteen, in all forty five; but according to others, in Kimchi, these design the forty five days between the coming of the Israelites out of Egypt and their receiving the law: but, leaving these fancies, as the number of shekels given for her was but a low price, and shows what an estimate was made of her; and barley being the coarsest of grain, and bread made of it, that of the worst sort, which the poorer people eat; may be expressive of the captive, servile, mean, and abject state of the people of Israel, from the time of their captivity to their conversion to Christ, as is after more fully explained.

(f) Travels, part 2. B. 1. ch. 3. p. 11.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. I bought her—The price paid is too small to be a probable dowry wherewith to buy a wife from her parents; but it is just half the price of a female slave, in money, the rest of the price being made up in grain (Ex 21:32). Hosea pays this for the redemption of his wife, who has become the slave of her paramour. The price being half grain was because the latter was the allowance of food for the slave, and of the coarsest kind, not wheat, but barley. Israel, as committing sin, was the slave of sin (Joh 8:34; Ro 6:16-20; 2Pe 2:19). The low price expresses Israel's worthlessness.

Hosea 3:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
Hosea Redeems his Wife
1Then the LORD said to me, "Go again, love a woman who is loved by her husband, yet an adulteress, even as the LORD loves the sons of Israel, though they turn to other gods and love raisin cakes." 2So I bought her for myself for fifteen shekels of silver and a homer and a half of barley. 3Then I said to her, "You shall stay with me for many days. You shall not play the harlot, nor shall you have a man; so I will also be toward you."…
Cross References
Ruth 4:10
I have also acquired Ruth the Moabite, Mahlon's widow, as my wife, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property, so that his name will not disappear from among his family or from his hometown. Today you are witnesses!"

Hosea 3:3
Then I told her, "You are to live with me many days; you must not be a prostitute or be intimate with any man, and I will behave the same way toward you."
Treasury of Scripture

So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and for an homer of barley, and an half homer of barley:

I bought.

Genesis 31:41 Thus have I been twenty years in your house; I served you fourteen …

Genesis 34:12 Ask me never so much dowry and gift, and I will give according as …

Exodus 22:17 If her father utterly refuse to give her to him, he shall pay money …

1 Samuel 18:25 And Saul said, Thus shall you say to David, The king desires not …

an homer.

Leviticus 27:16 And if a man shall sanctify to the LORD some part of a field of his …

Isaiah 5:10 Yes, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of …

Ezekiel 45:11 The ephah and the bath shall be of one measure, that the bath may …

half homer. Heb. lethech.

Jump to Previous
Barley Bought Buy Fifteen Half Homer Pieces Shekels Silver Silverlings
Jump to Next
Barley Bought Buy Fifteen Half Homer Pieces Shekels Silver Silverlings
Links
Hosea 3:2 NIV
Hosea 3:2 NLT
Hosea 3:2 ESV
Hosea 3:2 NASB
Hosea 3:2 KJV

Hosea 3:2 Bible Apps
Hosea 3:2 Bible Suite
Hosea 3:2 Biblia Paralela
Hosea 3:2 Chinese Bible
Hosea 3:2 French Bible
Hosea 3:2 German Bible

Alphabetical: a about and barley bought fifteen for half her homer I lethek myself of shekels silver So

OT Prophets: Hosea 3:2 So I bought her for myself (Ho Hs Hos.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Hosea 3:1
Top of Page
Top of Page