Genesis 4:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah.

New Living Translation
Lamech married two women. The first was named Adah, and the second was Zillah.

English Standard Version
And Lamech took two wives. The name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

New American Standard Bible
Lamech took to himself two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other, Zillah.

King James Bible
And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Lamech took two wives for himself, one named Adah and the other named Zillah.

International Standard Version
Later, Lamech married two wives. One was named Adah and the other was named Zillah.

NET Bible
Lamech took two wives for himself; the name of the first was Adah, and the name of the second was Zillah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Lamech took unto him two wives; the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

King James 2000 Bible
And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

American King James Version
And Lamech took to him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

American Standard Version
And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who took two wives: the name of the one was Ada, and the name of the other was Sella.

Darby Bible Translation
And Lemech took two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the second, Zillah.

English Revised Version
And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Lamech took to him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

World English Bible
Lamech took two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

Young's Literal Translation
And Lamech taketh to himself two wives, the name of the one Adah, and the name of the second Zillah.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:19-24 One of Cain's wicked race is the first recorded, as having broken the law of marriage. Hitherto, one man had but one wife at a time; but Lamech took two. Wordly things, are the only things that carnal, wicked people set their hearts upon, and are most clever and industrious about. So it was with this race of Cain. Here was a father of shepherds, and a father of musicians, but not a father of the faithful. Here is one to teach about brass and iron, but none to teach the good knowledge of the Lord: here are devices how to be rich, and how to be mighty, and how to be merry; but nothing of God, of his fear and service. Present things fill the heads of most. Lamech had enemies, whom he had provoked. He draws a comparison betwixt himself and his ancestor Cain; and flatters himself that he is much less criminal. He seems to abuse the patience of God in sparing Cain, into an encouragement to expect that he may sin unpunished.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 19. - And Lamech took unto him two wives. Being the first polygamist of whom mention is made, the first by whom "the ethical aspect of marriage, as ordained by God, was turned into the lust of the eye and lust of the flesh" (Keil). Though afterwards permitted because of the hardness of men's hearts, it was not so from the beginning. This was "a new evil, without even the pretext that the first wife had no children, which held its ground until Christianity restored the original law - Matthew 19:4-6" (Inglis). The names of Lamech's wives were suggestive of sensual attractions. The name of the one Adah, the Adorned (Gesenius), and the name of the other Zillah, the shady or the tinkling (Keil), the musical player (Lange), the shadow (Wordsworth). "Did Lamech choose a wife to gratify the eye with loveliness? and was he soon sated with that which is so short-lived as beauty, and then chose another wife in addition to Adah? But a second wife is hardly a wife; she is only the shadow of a wife" (ibid.).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Lamech took unto him two wives,.... He was the first we read of that introduced polygamy, contrary to the first institution of marriage, whereby only one man and one woman were to be joined together, and become one flesh, Genesis 2:24. This evil practice, though it began in the race of wicked Cain, was in later ages followed by some among the people of God, which was connived at because of the hardness of their hearts; otherwise it was not so from the beginning. This was the first instance of it known; Jarchi says it was the way of the generation before the flood to have one wife for procreation of children, and the other for carnal pleasure; the latter drank a cup of sterility, that she might be barren, and was adorned as a bride, and lived deliciously; and the other was used roughly, and mourned like a widow; but by this instance it does not appear, for these both bore children to Lamech.

The name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah; whose daughters they were cannot be said, no doubt of the race of Cain; the name of the one signifies an "ornament", or beauty, and might seem to answer to the account Jarchi gives of the wife for pleasure, if there were any foundation for it; and the other signifies a "shadow", being continually under the shadow of her husband.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

19. Lamech took unto him two wives—This is the first transgression of the law of marriage on record, and the practice of polygamy, like all other breaches of God's institutions, has been a fruitful source of corruption and misery.

Genesis 4:19 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Descendants of Cain
18Now to Enoch was born Irad, and Irad became the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael became the father of Methushael, and Methushael became the father of Lamech. 19Lamech took to himself two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other, Zillah. 20Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.…
Cross References
Genesis 2:24
That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united to his wife, and they become one flesh.

Genesis 4:18
To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech.

Genesis 4:20
Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock.

Genesis 4:23
Lamech said to his wives, "Adah and Zillah, listen to me; wives of Lamech, hear my words. I have killed a man for wounding me, a young man for injuring me.
Treasury of Scripture

And Lamech took to him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

two wives.

Genesis 2:18,24 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; …

Matthew 19:4-6,8 And he answered and said to them, Have you not read, that he which …

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