Genesis 4:20
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock.

New Living Translation
Adah gave birth to Jabal, who was the first of those who raise livestock and live in tents.

English Standard Version
Adah bore Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.

New American Standard Bible
Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.

King James Bible
And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Adah bore Jabal; he was the father of the nomadic herdsmen.

International Standard Version
Adah gave birth to Jabal, who became the ancestor of those who live in tents and herd livestock.

NET Bible
Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the first of those who live in tents and keep livestock.

New Heart English Bible
Adah gave birth to Jabal, who was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Adah gave birth to Jabal. He was the first person to live in tents and have livestock.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Adah bore Jabal; he was the father of such as dwell in tents and have cattle.

New American Standard 1977
And Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Adah bore Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and of those who have cattle.

King James 2000 Bible
And Adah bore Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.

American King James Version
And Adah bore Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.

American Standard Version
And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents and have cattle.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Ada brought forth Jabel: who was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of herdsmen.

Darby Bible Translation
And Adah bore Jabal: he was the father of those who dwell in tents, and [breed] cattle.

English Revised Version
And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents and have cattle.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Adah bore Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.

World English Bible
Adah gave birth to Jabal, who was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.

Young's Literal Translation
And Adah beareth Jabal, he hath been father of those inhabiting tents and purchased possessions;
Study Bible
The Descendants of Cain
19Lamech took to himself two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other, Zillah. 20Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock. 21His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe.…
Cross References
Genesis 4:19
Lamech took to himself two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other, Zillah.

Genesis 4:21
His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe.
Treasury of Scripture

And Adah bore Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.

the.

Genesis 4:21 And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as …

1 Chronicles 2:50-52 These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah; …

1 Chronicles 4:4,5 And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These …

John 8:44 You are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father you …

Romans 4:11,12 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness …

father. The inventor or teacher,

1 Samuel 10:12 And one of the same place answered and said, But who is their father? …

dwell.

Genesis 4:2 And she again bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, …

Genesis 25:27 And the boys grew: and Esau was a cunning hunter, a man of the field; …

Jeremiah 35:9,10 Nor to build houses for us to dwell in: neither have we vineyard, …

Hebrews 11:9 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, …

Verse 20. - And Adah bare Jabal. Either the Traveler or the Producer, from yabhal, to flow; poetically, to go to walk; hiphil, to produce; descriptive, in the one case, of his nomadic life, in the other of his occupation or his wealth. He was the father - av, father; used of the founder of a family or nation (Genesis 10:21), of the author or maker of anything, especially of the Creator'(Job 38:28), of the master or teacher of any art or science (Genesis 4:21) - of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle. Mikneh, literally, possession, from kanah, to acquire, as in ver. 1; hence cattle, as that was the primitive form of wealth (cf. pecus, pecunia); by which may be meant that Jabal was the first nomad who introduced the custom of living in tents, and pasturing and breeding not sheep merely, but larger quadrupeds as well, for the sake of wealth. And Adah bare Jabal,.... According to Hillerus (m), this name, and Jubal and Tubal, after mentioned, all signify a river; why Lamech should call all his sons by names signifying the same thing, is not easy to say.

He was the father of such as dwelt in tents, and of such as have cattle: not in a proper sense the father of them, though his posterity might succeed him in the same business; but he was the first author and inventor of tents or movable habitations, which could be carried from place to place, for the convenience of pasturage for cattle: he was not the first that had cattle in his possession, or that first fed and kept them, for Abel, the son of Adam, was a keeper of sheep; but he was the first that found out the use of tents, and the pitching of them to abide in at proper places, so long as the pasturage lasted, and then to remove elsewhere; as we find in later times the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob did, and as the Scenitae and Nomades among the Arabs, and who retain the same method of keeping cattle to this day; and so the words may be rendered according to Bochart (n) and Noldius (o),"he was the father of such that dwell in tents "with" cattle.''Heidegger (p) thinks this Jabal to be the same with Pales, the god of shepherds (q), to whom the Palilia were sacred with the Heathens; and that from Jabal may be formed "Bal", leaving out the "jod", as is sometimes done, and by adding the termination, it will be "Bales", and by changing the letters of the same organ, "Pales".

(m) Onomastic. Sacr. p. 35, 45, 349. (n) Hierozoic. par. 1. l. 2. c. 44. col. 466. (o) Ebr. Part. Concord. p. 273. No. 1196. (p) Hist. Patriarch. Exercit. 6. sect. 11. (q) Vid. Servium & Probum in Virgil. Georgic. l. 3. ver. 1.4:19-24 One of Cain's wicked race is the first recorded, as having broken the law of marriage. Hitherto, one man had but one wife at a time; but Lamech took two. Wordly things, are the only things that carnal, wicked people set their hearts upon, and are most clever and industrious about. So it was with this race of Cain. Here was a father of shepherds, and a father of musicians, but not a father of the faithful. Here is one to teach about brass and iron, but none to teach the good knowledge of the Lord: here are devices how to be rich, and how to be mighty, and how to be merry; but nothing of God, of his fear and service. Present things fill the heads of most. Lamech had enemies, whom he had provoked. He draws a comparison betwixt himself and his ancestor Cain; and flatters himself that he is much less criminal. He seems to abuse the patience of God in sparing Cain, into an encouragement to expect that he may sin unpunished.
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