1 Kings 6:29
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
On the walls all around the temple, in both the inner and outer rooms, he carved cherubim, palm trees and open flowers.

New Living Translation
He decorated all the walls of the inner sanctuary and the main room with carvings of cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers.

English Standard Version
Around all the walls of the house he carved engraved figures of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, in the inner and outer rooms.

New American Standard Bible
Then he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved engravings of cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers, inner and outer sanctuaries.

King James Bible
And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, within and without.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He carved all the surrounding temple walls with carved engravings--cherubim, palm trees and flower blossoms--in both the inner and outer sanctuaries.

International Standard Version
Solomon also inlaid all the inner walls of the Temple—both the inner and outer sanctuaries—with carved engravings of cherubim, palm trees, and blooming flowers.

NET Bible
On all the walls around the temple, inside and out, he carved cherubs, palm trees, and flowers in bloom.

New Heart English Bible
He carved all the walls of the house around with carved figures of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, inside and outside.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He carved angels, palm trees, and flowers into the walls all around the inner and outer rooms of the temple.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubim and palm-trees and open flowers, within and without.

New American Standard 1977
Then he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved engravings of cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers, inner and outer sanctuaries.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, within and without.

King James 2000 Bible
And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, in the inner and outer rooms.

American King James Version
And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, within and without.

American Standard Version
And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubim and palm-trees and open flowers, within and without.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all the walls of the temple round about he carved with divers figures and carvings: and he made in them cherubims and palm trees, and divers representations, as it were standing out, and coming forth from the wall.

Darby Bible Translation
And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved sculptures of cherubim, and palm-trees, and half-open flowers, within and without.

English Revised Version
And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, within and without.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he carved all the walls of the house around with carved figures of cherubim, and palm trees, and open flowers, within and without.

World English Bible
He carved all the walls of the house around with carved figures of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, inside and outside.

Young's Literal Translation
and all the walls of the house round about he hath carved with openings of carvings, cherubs, and palm trees, and openings of flowers, within and without.
Study Bible
The Cherubim
28He also overlaid the cherubim with gold. 29Then he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved engravings of cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers, inner and outer sanctuaries. 30He overlaid the floor of the house with gold, inner and outer sanctuaries.…
Cross References
1 Kings 6:28
He also overlaid the cherubim with gold.

1 Kings 6:30
He overlaid the floor of the house with gold, inner and outer sanctuaries.

2 Chronicles 3:7
He also overlaid the house with gold-- the beams, the thresholds and its walls and its doors; and he carved cherubim on the walls.

Psalm 74:6
And now all its carved work They smash with hatchet and hammers.

Ezekiel 40:16
There were shuttered windows looking toward the guardrooms, and toward their side pillars within the gate all around, and likewise for the porches. And there were windows all around inside; and on each side pillar were palm tree ornaments.

Ezekiel 41:18
It was carved with cherubim and palm trees; and a palm tree was between cherub and cherub, and every cherub had two faces,
Treasury of Scripture

And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, within and without.

carved figure

Exodus 26:8 The length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth …

2 Chronicles 3:14 And he made the veil of blue, and purple, and crimson, and fine linen, …

2 Chronicles 4:2-5 Also he made a molten sea of ten cubits from brim to brim, round …

Psalm 103:20 Bless the LORD, you his angels, that excel in strength, that do his …

Psalm 148:2 Praise you him, all his angels: praise you him, all his hosts.

Luke 2:13,14 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly …

Ephesians 3:10 To the intent that now to the principalities and powers in heavenly …

Revelation 5:11-14 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the …

palm trees Tamar, in Ethiopic, tamart, the palm tree is so called, says Parkhurst, from its straight, upright growth, for which it seems more remarkable than any other tree; and it is crowned at the top with a large tuft of spiring?? leaves, about four feet long, which never fall off, but always continue in the same flourishing verdure. The stalks are generally full of rugged knots, which are vestiges of decayed leaves: for the trunk of the tree is not solid, but its centre is filled with pith, round which is a tough bark full of strong fibres when young, which, as the tree becomes old, hardens and becomes ligneous. To this bark the leaves are closely joined, which, as the tree becomes old, hardens and becomes ligneous. To this bark the leaves are closely joined, which in the centre rise erect, but after they are advance above the vagina which surrounds them, they expand very wide on every side of the stem, and as the older leaves decay, the stalk advances in height. The leaves, when the tree has grown to a size for bearing fruit, are six or eight feet long, and very broad when expanded. The fruit, called the date, grows below the leaves in clusters.

Psalm 92:12-15 The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow like …

Revelation 7:9 After this I beheld, and, see, a great multitude, which no man could …

open flowers [heb] openings of flowers

1 Kings 6:18,32 And the cedar of the house within was carved with knops and open …

(29) And he carved.--If we take this literally, we must suppose that this carving of the cherubim and the palm-trees, in addition to the general decoration of the "gourds and open flowers," was spread over all the "walls of the house." Otherwise we might have supposed it confined to the Oracle "within," and to the partition "without," which would seem more appropriate, as the cherubim belonged especially to the Oracle.

Verse 29. - And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubims [lit. openings, i.e., gravings or indentations of cherubim, פִּתּוּחִים is used of gravings in stone, Exodus 28:11; Exodus 39:6: in metal, 28:36; 39:30] and palm trees and open flowers [The open flowers may well have been lilies (1 Kings 7:19, 22, 26). It is uncertain whether there were one or more rows of cherubim and palms. Keil, arguing from the analogy of Egyptian temples, contends for two or three rows, but it is doubtful how far the Israelites, notwithstanding their new and intimate relations with the country, would take Egypt and its idolatrous shrines for a model. Ezekiel 41:18 tends to show that the palm trees alternated with the cherubs. The cherubim may have had two faces, such as he describes (ver. 19), the face of a man on the one side, and the face of a young lion on the other side; but if so, they must have differed in form from those of the oracle. Possibly the open flowers formed a border, or were sculptured in festoons, above, and the gourds (or buds) formed a border below (as in the Kouyunjik slab). But as to this the text is silent. But while we are ignorant of the precise form and of the arrangement of these ornamental carvings, we are not wholly in the dark as to their symbolism. For everything in the temple, we may be sure, had a meaning. Let us inquire, then, into the significance of the cherubim, the palms and the flowers.

1. The Cherubim have been regarded by some as symbols of the invisible Godhead, by others as "representations of the heavenly spirits which surround the Lord of glory and set forth psychical life at its highest stage" (Keil); but it seems best to view them as symbols of all animal life, including the highest and perhaps not excluding the thought of Him who is the source and spring of life, the Anima animantium (cf. ch. 12:28). Hence they are spoken of as הַחַיּות (Ezekiel 1:5, 13, 15, etc.) "the living things" (compare τὰ ζῶα, Revelation 4:6, 8, 9), and even as הַחַיָּה "the life" (Ezekiel 10:14, 15, etc.) The cherubim consequently speak of the great animal kingdom before its Creator. "Creaturely being reaches its highest degree in those which have an anima, and among these, the lion, the bull, the eagle, and the man are the highest and most complete" (Bahr). These shapes, accordingly, were not inappropriate or unmeaning in a temple raised by the creature to the glory of the Creator.

2. Just as the cherubim speak of animal, so do the Palms of vegetable life. They are "the princes of the vegetable kingdom" (Linnaeus) "Amongst trees there is none so lofty and towering, none which has such a fair majestic growth, which is so evergreen, and which affords so grateful a shade and such noble fruits - fruits which are said to be the food of the blessed in paradise - as the palm" (Bahr), who also adds that it is said to have as many excellent properties as there are days in the year, and cites Humboldt as designating it the "noblest of plants forms to which the nations have always accorded the meed of beauty." Judaea, he further remarks, is the fatherland of the palm, so much so that the palm in later days became the symbol of Palestine (as on the well known coin with the legend Judaea capta). The palms, therefore, tell of the vegetable world, and of Him who fashioned its noble and graceful forms.

3. And very similar was the testimony of the Flowers. "Flowers and bloom have been, from ancient times to our own, the usual symbols of lifefulness .... So then by the flower work, as well as by the cherubim and the palm trees, was the dwelling of Jehovah, which was adorned therewith, designated as an abode of life" (Bahr). On the earthly dwelling place of the Eternal, that is to say, were everywhere pourtrayed the various tokens of His Almighty power and goodness. And the significance of each is the same. "Thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are, and were created." They were graved] within and without. [These words, here and in ver. 30, are generally taken to mean "in the oracle and in the house." But it is worthy of consideration whether they do not rather signify, "in the house and in the porch." The latter was overlaid with gold (2 Chronicles 3:4). It is doubtful whether לַחִיצון on the outside, can be applied to any part of the interior, and here its application would be to the oracle (Thenius)]. And he carved all the walls of the house about with carved figures of cherubim, and palm trees, and open flowers,.... That is, of palm trees, those in full blow: if the cherubim are an emblem of angels, the palm trees fitly enough represent just and upright men, who both appear in the church of God below, and in heaven above; in both which are to be seen the open and full-blown flowers of divine grace, especially in the latter state:

within and without; on the walls of the most holy place, both within and without; and so upon the walls of the holy place, in each of which were these sculptures, which were very ornamental, and were emblematical; see Ezekiel 41:17. 6:15-38 See what was typified by this temple. 1. Christ is the true Temple. In him dwells all the fulness of the Godhead; in him meet all God's spiritual Israel; through him we have access with confidence to God. 2. Every believer is a living temple, in whom the Spirit of God dwells, 1Co 3:16. This living temple is built upon Christ as its Foundation, and will be perfect in due time. 3. The gospel church is the mystical temple. It grows to a holy temple in the Lord, enriched and beautified with the gifts and graces of the Spirit. This temple is built firm, upon a Rock. 4. Heaven is the everlasting temple. There the church will be fixed. All that shall be stones in that building, must, in the present state of preparation, be fitted and made ready for it. Let sinners come to Jesus as the living Foundation, that they may be built on him, a part of this spiritual house, consecrated in body and soul to the glory of God.
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OT History: 1 Kings 6:29 He carved all the walls (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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