1 Kings 6:36
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New International Version
And he built the inner courtyard of three courses of dressed stone and one course of trimmed cedar beams.

New Living Translation
The walls of the inner courtyard were built so that there was one layer of cedar beams between every three layers of finished stone.

English Standard Version
He built the inner court with three courses of cut stone and one course of cedar beams.

New American Standard Bible
He built the inner court with three rows of cut stone and a row of cedar beams.

King James Bible
And he built the inner court with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He built the inner courtyard with three rows of dressed stone and a row of trimmed cedar beams.

International Standard Version
He constructed the inner court with three rows of precut stone and a row of cedar beams.

NET Bible
He built the inner courtyard with three rows of chiseled stones and a row of cedar beams.

New Heart English Bible
He built the inner court with three courses of cut stone, and a course of cedar beams.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He built the inner courtyard with three courses of finished stones and a course of finished cedar beams.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he built the inner court with three rows of hewn stone, and a row of cedar beams.

New American Standard 1977
And he built the inner court with three rows of cut stone and a row of cedar beams.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he built the inner court with three orders of hewed stone and an order of cedar beams.

King James 2000 Bible
And he built the inner court with three rows of hewn stone, and a row of cedar beams.

American King James Version
And he built the inner court with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams.

American Standard Version
And he built the inner court with three courses of hewn stone, and a course of cedar beams.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he built the inner court with three rows of polished stones, and one row of beams of cedar.

Darby Bible Translation
And he built the inner court of three rows of hewn stone, and a row of cedar-beams.

English Revised Version
And he built the inner court with three rows of hewn stone, and a row of cedar beams.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he built the inner court with three rows of hewn stone, and a row of cedar beams.

World English Bible
He built the inner court with three courses of cut stone, and a course of cedar beams.

Young's Literal Translation
And he buildeth the inner court, three rows of hewn work, and a row of beams of cedar.
Study Bible
The Courtyard
35He carved on it cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers; and he overlaid them with gold evenly applied on the engraved work. 36He built the inner court with three rows of cut stone and a row of cedar beams. 37In the fourth year the foundation of the house of the LORD was laid, in the month of Ziv.…
Cross References
1 Kings 6:35
He carved on it cherubim, palm trees, and open flowers; and he overlaid them with gold evenly applied on the engraved work.

1 Kings 7:12
So the great court all around had three rows of cut stone and a row of cedar beams even as the inner court of the house of the LORD, and the porch of the house.

2 Chronicles 4:9
Then he made the court of the priests and the great court and doors for the court, and overlaid their doors with bronze.

Ezra 6:4
with three layers of huge stones and one layer of timbers. And let the cost be paid from the royal treasury.

Jeremiah 36:10
Then Baruch read from the book the words of Jeremiah in the house of the LORD in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the scribe, in the upper court, at the entry of the New Gate of the LORD'S house, to all the people.
Treasury of Scripture

And he built the inner court with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams.

the inner

Exodus 27:9-19 And you shall make the court of the tabernacle…

Exodus 38:9-20 And he made the court: on the south side southward the hangings of …

2 Chronicles 4:9 Furthermore he made the court of the priests, and the great court, …

2 Chronicles 7:7 Moreover Solomon hallowed the middle of the court that was before …

Revelation 11:2 But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure …

(36) The inner court (probably the "higher court" of Jeremiah 35:10) is described as built round the Temple proper, evidently corresponding to the outer court of the Tabernacle. As this was (see Exodus 27:9-13) 50 cubits by 100, it may be inferred, that by a duplication similar to that of all dimensions of the Temple itself, Solomon's Court was 100 cubits (or 150 feet) by 200 cubits (or 300 feet), covering a little more than an acre. The verse has been interpreted in two ways: either that the floor of the court was raised by three courses of stone, covered with a planking of cedar, or (as Josephus understands it) enclosed by a wall of three courses of stone, with a coping of cedar wood. The latter seems more probable. For in this court stood the altar of burnt offering and the laver, and all sacrifices went on, and this could hardly have been done on a wooden pavement; and besides this we observe that the whole arrangement is (1Kings 7:12) compared with that of the great outer court of the palace where the wooden pavement would be still more unsuitable. It was what was called afterwards the "Court of the Priests," and in it (see Ezekiel 40:45) appear to have been chambers for the priests.

The mention of the "inner court" suggests that there was an outer court also. We have in 2Kings 21:5; 2Kings 23:12, a reference to the "two courts" of the Temple, and in Ezekiel 40:17; Ezekiel 42:1; Ezekiel 42:8, a mention of the "outward" or "utter court." Josephus (Antt. viii. 3, 3) declares that Solomon built beyond the inner court a great quadrangle, erected for it great and broad cloisters, and closed it with golden doors, into which all could enter, "being pure and observant of the laws." Even beyond this he indicates, though in rather vague and rhetorical language, an extension of the Temple area, as made by Solomon's great substructures, forming a court less perfectly enclosed, like the Court of the Gentiles in the later Temple. Of these outer courts and cloisters the tradition remained in the assignment of the title of "Solomon's Porch" to the eastern cloister of the later Temple. It has been thought that in this outer court were planted trees (in spite of the prohibition of Deuteronomy 16:21); and this may have been the case, till the association of idol worship with them made these seem to be unfit for the House of the Lord. But the passages usually quoted to support this view are from the Psalms (Psalm 52:8; Psalm 92:13), of which the former certainly refers to the Tabernacle, and the latter may do so.

Verse 36. - The description of the buildings concludes with a brief reference to the enceinte or court. And he built the inner court [The mention of an inner court, called in 2 Chronicles 4:9 the "court of the priests," presupposes, of course, the existence of an outer court. Our author does not mention this, but the chronicler does, under the name of "the great court." In Jeremiah 36:10, the former is called the "higher court," because it occupied a higher level] with three rows of hewed stone and a row of cedar beams. [These, it is thought, formed the enclosing wall of the court (the LXX. adds κυκλόθεν). The cedar beams were instead of coping stones. It has been supposed, however (J.D. Michaelis), that these three rows of stone, boarded with cedar, formed the pavement of the court. But the question at once suggests itself, Why pile three rows of stones one upon another merely to form a pavement, and why hew and shape them if they were to be concealed beneath a stratum of wood? It is a fair inference from 2 Chronicles 7:3, that the wall was low enough to permit men to look over it. Fergusson, on the contrary, argues that it must have been twice the height of the enclosure of the tabernacle, which would give us an elevation of ten cubits (Exodus 27:18). It is worth suggesting, however, whether, the inner court being raised above the outer, which surrounded it, these stones may not have formed the retaining wall or sides of the platform. As the outer court had gates (2 Kings 11:6; 2 Kings 12:9; 2 Chronicles 4:9; 2 Chronicles 23:5; 2 Chronicles 24:8), it also must have had walls. From 2 Kings 23:11; Jeremiah 35:2; Jeremiah 36:10, we gather that there were various chambers in the forecourt. Such were certainly contemplated by David (1 Chronicles 28:12); but it is not recorded that Solomon built them. Nor have we any warrant, except the bare assertion of Josephus, for the belief that he built a colonnade or cloister on the east side, such as was known to later ages by the name of "Solomon's Porch" (John 10:23; Acts 3:11; Acts 5:12). As to the dimensions of these spaces, we are left to conjecture. If, as in everything else, the dimensions of the tabernacle were doubled, then the court of the priests would measure 200 cubits from east to west, and 100 cubits from north to south. It should be stated, however, that in the temple of Ezekiel, the proportions of which, in the present instance, may well he historical, both courts are represented as perfect squares. Rawlinson inadvertently puts down the length (along the side of temple) at 100 cubits, and the breadth (ends of temple) at 200. The outer court would probably be twice as large as the inner, i.e., 400 x 200 cubits. But all this is necessarily uncertain.] And he built the inner court,.... The court of the priests, 2 Chronicles 4:9; so called to distinguish it from the outer court, where the people assembled: this was built

with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams; the rows of stones were one upon another, topped with a row of cedar beams; or rather the cedar was a lining to the stones; and the whole is supposed to be about three cubits high, and was so low, that the people in the outward court might see priests ministering for them, and could converse with them; under the second temple, as Maimonides (h) says, the court of the priests was higher than that of the court of Israel two cubits and an half, called the great court, for which doors were made, and those overlaid with brass, 2 Chronicles 4:9.

(h) Hilchot Beth Habechirah, c. 6. sect. 3.36. the inner court—was for the priests. Its wall, which had a coping of cedar, is said to have been so low that the people could see over it.6:15-38 See what was typified by this temple. 1. Christ is the true Temple. In him dwells all the fulness of the Godhead; in him meet all God's spiritual Israel; through him we have access with confidence to God. 2. Every believer is a living temple, in whom the Spirit of God dwells, 1Co 3:16. This living temple is built upon Christ as its Foundation, and will be perfect in due time. 3. The gospel church is the mystical temple. It grows to a holy temple in the Lord, enriched and beautified with the gifts and graces of the Spirit. This temple is built firm, upon a Rock. 4. Heaven is the everlasting temple. There the church will be fixed. All that shall be stones in that building, must, in the present state of preparation, be fitted and made ready for it. Let sinners come to Jesus as the living Foundation, that they may be built on him, a part of this spiritual house, consecrated in body and soul to the glory of God.
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1 Kings 6:35
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