Proverbs 1:1
New International Version
The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:

New Living Translation
These are the proverbs of Solomon, David's son, king of Israel.

English Standard Version
The proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel:

Berean Study Bible
The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:

New American Standard Bible
The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel:

King James Bible
The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;

Christian Standard Bible
The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:

Contemporary English Version
These are the proverbs of King Solomon of Israel, the son of David.

Good News Translation
The proverbs of Solomon, son of David and king of Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:

International Standard Version
The proverbs of David's son Solomon, king of Israel.

NET Bible
The Proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:

New Heart English Bible
The proverbs of Solomon, the son of David, king of Israel:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The Proverbs of Solomon, son of David, King of Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The proverbs of Solomon, David's son who was king of Israel, [given]

JPS Tanakh 1917
The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;

New American Standard 1977
The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel:

Jubilee Bible 2000
The proverbs of Solomon, the son of David, king of Israel;

King James 2000 Bible
The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;

American King James Version
The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;

American Standard Version
The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The Proverbs of Solomon son of David, who reigned in Israel;

Douay-Rheims Bible
The parables of Solomon, the son of David, king of Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
Proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel:

English Revised Version
The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel:

Webster's Bible Translation
The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;

World English Bible
The proverbs of Solomon, the son of David, king of Israel:

Young's Literal Translation
Proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel:
Study Bible
The Beginning of Knowledge
1The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel: 2To know wisdom and discipline, to comprehend the words of insight,…
Cross References
1 Kings 4:32
Solomon composed three thousand proverbs, and his songs numbered a thousand and five.

Proverbs 10:1
The proverbs of Solomon: A wise son brings joy to his father, but a foolish son grief to his mother.

Proverbs 25:1
These are additional proverbs of Solomon, which were copied by the men of Hezekiah king of Judah:

Ecclesiastes 1:1
The words of the Teacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem:

Ecclesiastes 12:9
Not only was the Teacher wise, but he also taught the people knowledge; he pondered, searched out, and arranged many proverbs.

Treasury of Scripture

The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;

solomon

2 Samuel 12:24,25
And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the LORD loved him…

1 Kings 2:12
Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established greatly.

1 Chronicles 22:9
Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days.







Lexicon
The proverbs
מִ֭שְׁלֵי (miš·lê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 4912: A pithy maxim, a simile

of Solomon
שְׁלֹמֹ֣ה (šə·lō·mōh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8010: Solomon -- David's son and successor to his throne

son
בֶן־ (ḇen-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of David,
דָּוִ֑ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

king
מֶ֝֗לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

of Israel:
יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc
1.--INTRODUCTION DESCRIBING THE PURPOSE OF THE BOOK (Proverbs 1:1-6).

(1) Proverbs.--For the various senses of the Hebrew m?sh?l thus translated, see Introduction.

Solomon.--The absolute quiet and prosperity of the reign of Solomon (the man of peace), as described in 1Kings 4:20, sqq., would naturally be conducive to the growth of a sententious philosophy; whereas the constant wars and dangerous life of David had called forth the impassioned eloquence of the Psalms.

Verse 1. - The proverbs of Solomon. The word which is here translated "proverbs" is the original mishle (מִשְׁלֵי), the construct case of mashal (מָשָׁל), which, again, is derived from the verb mashal (מָשַׁל), signifying

(1) "to make like," "to assimilate," and

(2) "to have dominion" (Gesenius).

The radical signification of mashal is "comparison" or "similitude," and in this sense it is applied generally to the utterances of the wise. In Numbers 23:7, 8 it is used of the prophetic predictions of Balaam; certain didactic psalms, e.g. Psalm 49:5 and Psalm 78:2, are so designated, and in Job (Job 27:1 and Job 29:1) it describes the sententious discourses of wise men. While all these come under the generic term of m'shalim, though few or no comparisons are found in them, we find the term mashal sometimes used of what are proverbs in the sense of popular sayings. Compare "Therefore it became a proverb (מָשָׁל), Is Saul also among the prophets?" (1 Samuel 10:12); and see also other instances in Ezekiel 16:4 and Ezekiel 18:2. In this sense it is also found in the collection before us. The predominant idea of the term, however, is that of comparison or similitude, and as such it is better represented by the Greek παραβολή (from παραβάλλω, "to set or place side by side"), literally, a placing beside, or comparison, than by παροιμία, "a byword," or "a trite wayside saying," though in the Greek of the synoptic Gospels παροιμία is equivalent to παραβολή. The English word "proverb" insufficiently renders the wider scope of meaning conveyed in the Hebrew mashal, and is not quite accurately rendered here, since of proverbs in our ordinary signification of that word there are comparatively few in this collection. The Hebrew word here means "maxims," "aphorisms," "wise counsels." Of Solomon. Most modern commentators (Delitzsch, Zockler, Fuerst, Stuart, Plumptre, etc.), while attributing, in a greater or less degree, the authorship of the book to Solomon, regard the insertion of his name in the title as indicating rather that he is the dominant spirit among those wise men of his age, some of whose sayings are here incorporated with his own. King of Israel, as forming the second hemistich of the verse, goes with "Solomon," and not "David." This is indicated in the Authorized Version by the position of the comma. The Arabic Version omits allusion to David, and reads, "Proverbia, nempe documenta Salomonis sapientis, qui regnavit super filios Israel." The proverbial or parabolic form of teaching was a recognized mode of instruction among the Hebrews, and in the Christian Church is recommended by St. Clement of Alexandria ('Strom.,' lib. 11, init.). 1:1-6 The lessons here given are plain, and likely to benefit those who feel their own ignorance, and their need to be taught. If young people take heed to their ways, according to Solomon's Proverbs, they will gain knowledge and discretion. Solomon speaks of the most important points of truth, and a greater than Solomon is here. Christ speaks by his word and by his Spirit. Christ is the Word and the Wisdom of God, and he is made to us wisdom.
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