International Standard Version
Introduction and Purpose
1The proverbs of David’s son Solomon, king of Israel.
for understanding words of insight;
righteousness, justice, and upright living;e
4for giving prudence to the naïve,
and knowledge and discretion to the young.
let the person of understanding receive guidance
6in understanding proverbs, clever sayings,
words of the wise, and their riddles.
The Major Theme
7The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge,
but fools despise wisdom and discipline.g
The Minor Theme
8My son, listen to your father’s instruction,
and do not let go of your mother’s teaching.
9They will be a graceful wreath for your head
and a chain for your neck.
Avoid Evil Counsel
10My son, if sinners entice you,
do not consent.
11If they say, “Come with us!
Let’s lie in wait for blood;
let’s ambush some innocent person for no reason at all.
and whole like those who go down into the Pit.i
13We’ll find all kinds of valuable wealth,
and we’ll fill our houses with spoil.
14Throw your lot in with us,
and all of us will have one purse.”
and keep your feet away from their paths!
They ambush only themselves.
19Such is the way of all those who seek illicit gain—
it takes away the lives of those who possess it.
The Benefits of Choosing Wisdom
20Wisdom cries out in the street;
she raises her voice in the public squares.
and at the entrance to the gates of the city she utters her words:
22“You naïve ones, how long will you love naiveté?
And how long will scoffers delight in scoffing
or fools hate knowledge?”
23Return to my correction!
Look, I will pour out my spirit on you,
and I will make my words known to you.
The Consequences of Refusing Wisdom
I appealed,t but no one paid attention—
and did not want my correction,
26I will laugh at your calamity.
I will mock when what you fearv comes,
27when what you dread comes like a storm,
and your calamity comes on like a whirlwind,
when distress and anguish come upon you.
28“Then they will call out to me,
but I will not answer;
they will seek me diligently,
but they will not find me.
29“Because they hated knowledge
and did not choose the fear of the LORD;
30they did not want my advice,
and they rejected all my correction.
and they will be filled with their own devices.
and the complacency of fools will destroy them.
33“But the person who listens to me will live safely
and will be secure from the fear of evil.”
a 1:2 The Heb. lacks These proverbs are
b 1:2 Or knowing
c 1:2 Or instruction
d 1:3 Or instruction
e 1:3 Lit. and uprightness
f 1:5 The Heb. lacks their
g 1:7 Or instruction
h 1:12 i.e. the realm of the dead; possibly an allusion to the rebellion of Korah (cf. Num 16:33)
i 1:12 i.e. the place of punishment in the afterlife
j 1:15 Lit. in the way with them
k 1:16 Lit. For their feet
l 1:16 Lit. they
m 1:16 Lit. blood quickly
n 1:17 Lit. in the eyes of
o 1:18 Lit. they
p 1:18 The Heb. lacks their own
q 1:21 Lit. head
r 1:21 So MT; LXX Syr Targ read and on top of the walls
s 1:24 Lit. you refused
t 1:24 Lit. I stretched out my hand
u 1:25 The Heb. lacks because
v 1:26 Lit. when your fear
w 1:31 i.e. experience the consequences
x 1:32 So MT; DSS 4QProv reads narrow-mindedness; lit. the pull of; LXX reads Because they would wrong the naïve, they will be murdered