1 Kings 20
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Ahab Attacks the Arameans

1A little while later, King Ben-hadad of Aram mustered an army of cavalry and chariots in a military confederacy with 32 kings, invaded Samaria, and set up siege encampments there. 2Then he sent envoys to visit King Ahab of Israel and told him, “This is what Ben-hadad says: 3‘Your silver and gold belong to me. So do the most beautiful of your wives and children.’”

4“Whatever you want, your majesty,” the king of Israel answered. “I belong to you, as does everything I own.”

5After delivering Ahab’s answer,a the envoys returned with this message: “This is what Ben-hadad says: ‘I’ve sent my envoys to you to tell you that your silver, gold, wives, and children are to be given to me. 6About this time tomorrow, I’ll send my servants to you, and they’ll search through your palace and your servants’ houses. Whatever is important to you will be seizedb and taken away.’”

7Then the king of Israel called together all of the elders of the land and told them, “Please note that this man is here looking for trouble. He sent a message to me, demanding my wives, my children, and my silver and gold, and I haven’t refused him.”

8“Don’t listen to him,” all the elders and the people replied. “And don’t agree to his terms.”c

9So he told Ben-hadad’s envoys, “Tell his majesty the king, ‘Everything that you asked for the first time I will do, but this thing I cannot do.’” So the envoys left to deliver Ahab’s response. Theyd returned a little while later.

10Beh-hadad sent this message back: “May the gods do so to me, and more than that also, if the dust that remains of Samaria is enough to fill up a few handfuls for all of the armies at my disposal.”

11But the king of Israel replied, “Tell him, ‘The one who is starting to strap on his battle armor should never brag like the one who is taking it off.’”

12Ben-hadad received Ahab’s responsee while he was celebrating with his kings in the battle pavilions. “Sound ‘Battle Stations!’” he ordered, and the army began to prepare their attack.

God’s Prophets Rebuke Ahab

13Right about then, a prophet approached King Ahab of Israel and told him, “This is what the LORD says: ‘You see all of this great big army, do you? Well now, I’m going to deliver them all right into your hand, and you will learn that I am the LORD!’”

14“By whom?” Ahab asked.

“This is what the LORD says,” the prophet replied. “‘By the young men who serve as officials within the provinces.’”

“Who is to begin the battle?” Ahab asked.

“You,” the prophet answered.

15So Ahabf gathered together 232 young men who served as officials within the provinces and then mustered 7,000 soldiers from among the Israelis. 16They attacked at noon, just as Ben-hadad was drinking himself drunk in the battle pavilions, along with the 32 kings who had joined him. 17The young men who served as officials within the provinces led the charge, and somebody informed Ben-hadad, “Some men have come out from Samaria.”

18“Take them alive, whether they’ve come in peace or not,” he ordered.

19Meanwhile, as the young men who served as officials within the provinces left the city, their army followed after them. 20Each man struck down his opponent, and the Arameans ran away with Israel in pursuit. King Ben-hadad of Aram escaped on horseback with the help ofg his cavalry. 21The king of Israel went out and attacked the cavalry and chariots and killed the Arameans in a massive victory.h

22The prophet approached the king of Israel and told him, “Go replenish your forces and prepare for the future, because early this next year the king of Aram will attack you again.”

The Arameans are Defeated

23Sure enough, the advisors to the king of Aram told him, “Their gods are mountain gods. That’s why they were stronger than we were. But when we fight them on the plains, we’re certain to be the stronger army! 24So do this: remove the kings from commandi and replace them with captains. 25Then replace the army that you lost, horse-for-horse and chariot-for-chariot. We’ll fight them on the plains, and we’re certain to be the stronger army.” Ben-hadadj listened to what they had to say and carried out their advice.

26Early the next year, Ben-hadad mustered the Arameans and invaded Aphek in a battle against Israel. 27The Israelis were mustered, equipped with provisions, and sent out to fight. The Israeli encampment looked like two little flocks of goats compared to how the Aramean encampmentsk filled the countryside!

28Right about then, a man of God approached and told the king of Israel, “This is what the LORD says: ‘Because the Arameans keep saying “The LORD is a mountain god, but isn’t a valley god,” I’m going to deliver this entire vast army right into your control, so you’ll learn that I really am the LORD.’” 29So they remained in opposing camps for seven days. Then on the seventh day the battle commenced, and the Israelis killed 100,000 Aramean infantry troops in a single day. 30The rest of the Aramean army retreated into Aphek, but the city wall collapsed on 27,000 soldiers who had taken shelter there. Ben-hadad himself ran away and hid inside a closetl somewhere in the city.

31“Look, now,” his advisors suggested, “we’ve heard that the Israeli kings are merciful. So let’s clothe ourselves with sackcloth, tie our hair back with ropes, and go out to the king of Israel. Maybe he’ll spare your life.” 32So they put on some sackcloth, tied their hair back with ropes, and approached the king of Israel. “Your servant Ben-hadad says this,” they said. “Please let me live.”

“Is he still alive?” Ahab asked. “He’s my brother.”

33Ben-hadad’s advisors,m quickly analyzing the signs in what Ahab was saying, responded, “Yes, your brother Ben-hadad.”

“Go get him,” Ahab responded. So Ben-hadad came out to him, and Ahab took him up into his personal chariot.

34Ben-hadad made this promise to Ahab: “I will restore the cities that my ancestors took from your ancestors. You’ll be able to build streets named after yourself in Damascus, as my father did in Samaria.”

“With this promise I will release you,” Ahabn replied. So Ahabo made a treaty with Ben-hadadp and let him go.

Ahab is Condemned

35Right about then, one of the members of the guildq of prophets told another through a message from the LORD: “Please strike me!” But the man refused to do so, 36so he told him, “Because you haven’t obeyed the LORD’s voice, as soon as you leave here, a lion will kill you.” As soon as the man left, a lion found him and killed him.

37Later, he found another man and told him, “Please strike me!” So the man struck him and wounded him. 38Then the prophet left and waited for the king to pass by, disguising himself with a bandage over his eyes.

39As the king was passing by, he cried out to the king and told him, “Your servant went out into the middle of the battle, and a soldier turned aside, brought a prisoner to me, and told me, ‘Guard this man. If he turns up missing for any reason at all, you’ll pay for it with your life or be fined one talentr of silver.’ 40While your servant was busy here and there, the prisoner escaped.”

The king told him, “By your actions you’ve earned the proper judgment!”

41Then the prophet quickly tore off his bandage, and the king of Israel recognized him as being one of the prophets. 42He told the king,s “This is what the LORD says: ‘Because you let the man whom I had dedicated to destruction go free, therefore your life is to be forfeited for his life, and your people for his people.’”

43After hearing this, the king of Israel rode back to his palace in Samaria, frustrated and in a foul mood.

a 20:5 The Heb. lacks After delivering Ahab’s answer
b 20:6 Lit. seized in their hand
c 20:8 The Heb. lacks to his terms
d 20:9 Lit. deliver and
e 20:12 Lit. message
f 20:15 Lit. he
g 20:20 The Heb. lacks the help of
h 20;21 Or slaughter
i 20:24 The Heb. lacks from command
j 20:25 Lit. He
k 20:27 The Heb. lacks encampments
l 20:30 Lit. inside an inner room
m 20:33 Lit. The men
n 20:34 Lit. he
o 20:34 Lit. he
p 20:34 Lit. him
q 20:35 Lit. sons
r 20:39 i.e. about 75 pounds
s 20:42 Lit. told him

The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
Copyright © 1996-2012 The ISV Foundation

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