2 Chronicles 18:4
And Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, Inquire, I pray you, at the word of the LORD to day.
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(4) And Jehoshaphat.—So exactly 1Kings 22:5.

Enquire . . . at the word.Seek the word.

18:1-34 Jehoshaphat's alliance with Ahab. - This history we read in 1Ki 22. Abundant riches and honour give large opportunities of doing good, but they are attended with many snares and temptations. Men do not know much of the artifices of Satan and the deceitfulness of their own hearts, when they covet riches with the idea of being able to do good with them. What can hurt those whom God will protect? What can shelter those whom God will destroy? Jehoshaphat is safe in his robes, Ahab killed in his armour; for the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong. We should be cautious of entangling ourselves in the worldly undertakings of evil men; and still more we should avoid engaging in their sinful projects. But, when they call upon him, God can and will bring his faithful people out of the difficulties and dangers into which they have sinfully run themselves. He has all hearts in his hand, so that he easily rescues them. Blessed is the man that putteth his trust in the Lord.After certain years - In Jehoshaphat's 17th year 1 Kings 22:51, not less than 8 years after the marriage (marginal reference note). 2. after certain years he went down to Ahab to Samaria—This is word for word, the same as 1Ki 22:1-53. (See [441]commentary on that chapter). No text from Poole on this verse. And after certain years,.... Two years, according to the Syriac and Arabic versions, or in the third year after the affinity was contracted, see 1 Kings 22:2,

he went down to Ahab to Samaria; to pay him a visit upon the alliance, civil and matrimonial, contracted between them:

and Ahab killed sheep and oxen for him in abundance, and for the people that he had with him; entertained him and his retinue in a very grand and liberal manner:

and persuaded him to go up with him to Ramothgilead; from hence, to the end of the chapter, it is the same with 1 Kings 22:4.

And Jehoshaphat said unto the king of Israel, Enquire, I pray thee, at the {d} word of the LORD to day.

(d) Hear the advise of some prophet to know whether it is God's will.

4–27 (1 Kings 22:5-28). The Prophecy of Micaiah

4. Jehoshaphat] Cp. 2 Kings 3:11.

Inquire … at the word] Cp. Daniel 2:10 (A.V.), “no king … asked such things at any magician.” The use of “at” after verbs of asking is obsolete.Verse 4. - The wording of this verse is identical with that of the parallel (1 Kings 22:5). Jehoshaphat, if even not quite conscious of it, is throwing some sop to his conscience in essaying to become, and posing as, the godly counsellor of "the ungodly" (2 Chronicles 19:2). At any rate, his counsel is right, even to the point of urging to-day, and significantly deprecating procrastination. It is not, however, so clear that he was, in the first instance, as decided in respect of the necessity of inquiring the will of the Lord at the mouth of a true prophet, in distinction from a prophet merely of Israel, though they should be "four hundred" in number! Compare the following two verses, however, which show as though he was holding himself quite prepared and on the look-out for the expected occasion of having to rein Ahab up! The Benjamites fell into two detachments: archers with shields (cf. 1 Chronicles 8:40) 200,000 men, under the chief command of Eliada, and "equipped of the army," i.e., not heavy armed (Berth.), but provided with the usual weapons, sword, spear, and shield (cf. 1 Chronicles 12:24), 180,000 under the command of Jehozabad. According to this statement, Judah had 780,000 warriors capable of bearing arms. These numbers are clearly too large, and bear no proportion to the result of the numbering of the people capable of bearing arms under David, when there were in Judah only 500,000 or 470,000 men (cf. 1 Chronicles 21:5 with 2 Samuel 24:5); yet the sums of the single divisions appear duly proportioned-a fact which renders it more difficult to believe that these exaggerated numbers are the result of orthographical errors.
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