1 Samuel 23:15
New International Version
While David was at Horesh in the Desert of Ziph, he learned that Saul had come out to take his life.

New Living Translation
One day near Horesh, David received the news that Saul was on the way to Ziph to search for him and kill him.

English Standard Version
David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life. David was in the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh.

Berean Study Bible
While David was in Horesh in the Wilderness of Ziph, he saw that Saul had come out to take his life.

King James Bible
And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life: and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood.

New King James Version
So David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life. And David was in the Wilderness of Ziph in a forest.

New American Standard Bible
Now David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life while David was in the wilderness of Ziph, at Horesh.

NASB 1995
Now David became aware that Saul had come out to seek his life while David was in the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh.

NASB 1977
Now David became aware that Saul had come out to seek his life while David was in the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh.

Amplified Bible
Now David became aware that Saul had come out to seek his life. David was in the Wilderness of Ziph [in the woods] at Horesh.

Christian Standard Bible
David was in the Wilderness of Ziph in Horesh when he saw that Saul had come out to take his life.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
David was in the Wilderness of Ziph in Horesh when he saw that Saul had come out to take his life.

American Standard Version
And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life: and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in the wood.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And David saw that Shaul went out to seek his life, and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a forest

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And David perceived that Saul went forth to seek David; and David was in the dry mountain in the New Ziph.

Contemporary English Version
One time, David was at Horesh in Ziph Desert. He was afraid because Saul had come to the area to kill him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life. And David was in the desert of Ziph, in a wood.

English Revised Version
And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life: and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in the wood.

Good News Translation
David saw that Saul was out to kill him. David was at Horesh, in the wilderness near Ziph.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
David was afraid because Saul had come to kill him at Horesh in the desert of Ziph.

International Standard Version
David was afraid because Saul had come out to seek his life while David was in the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life; and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in the wood.

Literal Standard Version
And David sees that Saul has come out to seek his life, and David [is] in the wilderness of Ziph, in a forest.

NET Bible
David realized that Saul had come out to seek his life; at that time David was in Horesh in the desert of Ziph.

New Heart English Bible
Now David was afraid that Saul had come out to seek his life. And David was in the wilderness of Ziph at Horesh.

World English Bible
David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life. David was in the wilderness of Ziph in the wood.

Young's Literal Translation
And David seeth that Saul hath come out to seek his life, and David is in the wilderness of Ziph, in a forest.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Saul Pursues David
14And David stayed in the wilderness strongholds and in the hill country of the Wilderness of Ziph. Day after day Saul searched for him, but God would not deliver David into his hand. 15While David was in Horesh in the Wilderness of Ziph, he saw that Saul had come out to take his life. 16And Saul’s son Jonathan came to David in Horesh and strengthened his hand in God,…

Cross References
1 Samuel 23:14
And David stayed in the wilderness strongholds and in the hill country of the Wilderness of Ziph. Day after day Saul searched for him, but God would not deliver David into his hand.

1 Samuel 23:16
And Saul's son Jonathan came to David in Horesh and strengthened his hand in God,

1 Samuel 26:3
Saul camped beside the road at the hill of Hachilah opposite Jeshimon, but David was living in the wilderness. When he realized that Saul had followed him there,


Treasury of Scripture

And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life: and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood.

strengthened

Deuteronomy 3:28
But charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him: for he shall go over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the land which thou shalt see.

Nehemiah 2:18
Then I told them of the hand of my God which was good upon me; as also the king's words that he had spoken unto me. And they said, Let us rise up and build. So they strengthened their hands for this good work.

Job 4:3,4
Behold, thou hast instructed many, and thou hast strengthened the weak hands…









(15) In a wood.--Some have understood this as a proper name, Horesh. There is no trace of the wood now. The land lost its ornament of trees centuries ago, through the desolating hand of man.--Van der Velde.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
While David
דָוִ֔ד‪‬ (ḏā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

was in Horesh
בַּחֹֽרְשָׁה׃ (ba·ḥō·rə·šāh)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2793: Horesh -- a forest

in the Wilderness
בְּמִדְבַּר־ (bə·miḏ·bar-)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4057: A pasture, a desert, speech

of Ziph,
זִ֖יף (zîp̄)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 2128: Ziph -- a son of Judah, also a city Southeast of Hebron and a city in southern Judah

he
וְדָוִ֥ד (wə·ḏā·wiḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

saw
וַיַּ֣רְא (way·yar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7200: To see

that
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

Saul
שָׁא֖וּל (šā·’ūl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7586: Saul -- first king of Israel, also an Edomite and two Israelites

had come out
יָצָ֥א (yā·ṣā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

to take
לְבַקֵּ֣שׁ (lə·ḇaq·qêš)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's 1245: To search out, to strive after

his life.
נַפְשׁ֑וֹ (nap̄·šōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion


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OT History: 1 Samuel 23:15 David saw that Saul had come out (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 23:14
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